Human Development 8th grade Human development is… • The scientific study of how people change as well as how they stay the same over time. Infant • Head is 1/4th the size of their entire body. • They have fontanels or open spaces in the skull. • Learns to hold up head, sit up, crawl and walk. • They learn through their senses, and put everything in their mouth, so keep small objects away. Toddler • They learn how to walk, but are not steady on their feet. • They speak in 1-2 word sentences. • Temper tantrums occur often. Early Childhood • They practice fine motor skills by learning to write, color, tie shoes, and button buttons. • They have a difficult time learning to share because they are egocentric. • They participate in cooperative play. • They learn language quickly. Middle childhood • Gross motor skills become athletic as they participate in sports. • They can read. • Also known as school age. Adolescent • Physical changes are rapid, for example puberty. • Acceptance by peer group is of major importance. • They are figuring out who they are and who they want to be, also known as self-concept. Adulthood • They focus on family and career. • Health peaks and then decreases. Late Adulthood • Bodies take longer to recover from illness. • Decline in income. • Answer your bell work question on page 3. Put these in order… • • • • • • • Sit-up Walk Tie-shoes Read Self-concept Career Income decreases Nature • Nature is your genes _______. The personality physical _______ and _________ traits determined by your genes stay the same no matter where you were born and raised. Nurture • Nurture refers to your childhood or how you _______, were brought up. • Answer the bell work on page 4. Infant Care YOU! • An infant’s head is 1/4 ________ the size of their entire body. infant Fontanels: Open spaces in the skull Other facts: • Infants enjoy and respond to their mother’s face. They learn through their senses. The only way they can communicate is through crying. Shaken Baby Syndrome: A baby can suffer severe damage if shaken. It can just be a slight shake. Shaken Baby Syndrome: Damage caused by shaking a baby: BRAIN DAMAGE RETARDATION LEARNING DISABILITIES PHYSICAL DISABILITIES PARALYSIS BLINDNESS and DEATH may occur. • A HAND SLAP on the face of an infant under 15 months can cause similar damage • THROWING a child up in the air and catching it • TWIRLING a child under age 2 by it’s arms or legs • BOUNCING ROUGHLY on knee/foot can also have damaging affect on baby • One shaken baby in four dies. • Of the thousands that survive death, serious injury usually occurs. • "SBS" victims range in age from a few days to a few months old; the average is six months. • Almost 80% of the perpetrators of Shaken Baby Syndrome are male SIDS= Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS is the sudden and unexplained death of an infant who is younger than 1 year old How should a baby sleep? Infants need… Bonding • Emotional attachment to a child Kangaroo Care • Skin to skin contact with a premature baby • The Importance of Touch • A Touch Can Speak Louder Than Words • Think about the times when you’ve felt sad or alone. Didn’t a hug from a friend make you feel better? Or remember when you fell in love and you felt warmth when you held your partner’s hand and put your arms around one another? • A Touch Says, “I Care” • Touch is important for healthy emotional development and communication between parents and babies. For example, Eskimo babies tend to be calm and cry very little. This is because they communicate directly through touch while being carried skin-to-skin on their mothers’ • 5 Child Safety • Answer your bell work question on page 5. Giving Directions to children… • Make sure your directions are appropriate for the age group, for example only give a toddler a __________ SIMPLE command that is 2 steps or less. –Do not ask Yes No ______/_______ questions. choices • Offer them _________ instead • Generally, when a child is having a temper tantrum, ignore you ____________ the tantrum, the child will calm down. Remove the child from the audience _____________. • You should tell children what they should do, not what they should not do. This is called Positive speech . _____________ You need to mention the desired action that you want to have occur. Your Box • • • • • • Put outlet covers in your outlets Protect your sharp corners Lock your cabinet Test toys for choking hazards Put Mr. Yuk on the poisons Protect your stove knob What was your poor purchase? Answer your bell work question on page 7. A consumer is a person who uses a good or service. ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Write a letter Call the company TO DO 1.Make a small poster about your organization 1.Who are they? 2.Why do I contact? 2.Write notes about all of the organizations 3.Solve your problem on page 8 Students please… 1. make a small poster -What is it? Why would I contact them? 2. take notes from the other groups (pg7) 3. Get a “?” and solve your complaint (pg8) • Answer your bell work question on page 9. Play is the work of children! Playtime! • Today you are going to play with your learn child. Children _________ through play. Play expands children’s understanding of themselves and the world _________ around them. The stages of play… • Solitary Play: Plays alone, infants and young toddlers • Parallel Play: –Plays alongside not with another child, toddler • Cooperative Play: Plays with others, preschoolers PIES! PHYSICAL • Dealing with the body INTELLECTUAL • How we think Emotional • Dealing with feelings SOCIAL • Interacting with others Physical Skills Physical Skills Fine Motor Skills Using small muscle ex: zipping zippers Gross Motor Skills Using large muscles ex: walking FINE GROSS Bell Work: Answer the question on page 12 Objective: I will be able to identify and investigate different childhood disabilities. Type name from card here Story Time Answer your bell work question on page 13. • Children who listen to stories when they are young learn language more quickly and tend to perform better in school _________. • Story time should be enjoyable for young children. When reading to children let your voice rise and fall with the emotions of the story; adjust volume, pitch and tone _______. rush • Do not _________ through a story, allow enough time for the child to build mental pictures. • Involve the children when reading, by asking _____________, questions letting them sing, showing _______, pictures using a puppet, or allowing movement _____________ through out the story. Answer bell work on page 14 • Now you need to read to your children. You will need to create a visual, be entertaining, and remember to HAVE FUN! • Objective: We will perform a reading to children activity that demonstrates creativity and FUN! Late Adulthood • Answer Bell Work on page 15. • What has someone older done for you in your life? Obj: I will distinguish between facts and myths with older adults. 1.Aging is a normal process that leads to normal changes in body structure and function. FACT 2. Most elderly individuals have a bad memory and are senile. MYTH 3. At least half of the aged are living in nursing homes or mental hospitals. MYTH 4. Many individuals are active, productive, and self-sufficient into their eighties and nineties. FACT 5. Older people are usually lonely and unhappy. MYTH 6. Retired people are usually bored and have nothing to do with their lives. MYTH 7. All five senses tend to decline in old age. FACT 8. The reaction time of a younger person is faster than that of an older person. FACT 9.Physical strength becomes less in old age. FACT 10.Old people are set in their ways and cannot change. MYTH Answer bell work on page 16. Adolescent Late Adulthood Grandpa do you know me?