Please have map out for checking! What do you know about Jamestown? Post Columbus Which country controlled the pink land? Which country controlled the blue land? Which country controlled the olive land? Which country controlled the purple land? England watched with envy as Spain gained riches from its American colonies With Queen Elizabeth’s permission, Sir Walter Raleigh raised money to outfit a colony in North America In 1585, about 100 men set sail across the Atlantic Sir Walter Raleigh The colonists landed on Roanoke, an island off the coast of present-day North Carolina The colonists had run short of food so John White returned to England , leaving behind 117 colonists ROANOKE (Because of war), White returned 3 years later He found no one there and only the word CROATOAN (a nearby island) carved in a tree 20 years after the failure of Roanoke, King James I gave a charter to the Virginia Company of London to settle between the Potomac River and present-day North Carolina In Spring of 1607, a group of 105 colonists arrived in Virginia They began building homes and named their outpost Jamestown after their king Jamestown was located in a swampy area, the water was unhealthy, and mosquitoes spread malaria Many settlers died from disease The colony also had problems governing themselves and was close to failure by the summer of 1608 John Smith noticed the Powhatan colonists were NOT planting enough crops…they only wanted to look for gold Smith set up stern rules that forced the colonists to work if they wished to eat Smith also visited Indian villages and got Powhatan to supply corn to the English Many conflicts between colonists and Indians erupted Peace was restored when John Rolfe married Pocahontas, daughter of Powhatan John Smith returned to England in 1609 Desperate settlers cooked dogs, cats, snakes , and toadstools to survive They burned houses for firewood Jamestown’s economy improved after they started growing tobacco, which they learned from Natives To attract more settlers, the Virginia Company sent a new governor with orders to consult settlers on all important matters Many settlers could elect burgesses (representatives to the government) Representatives met in an assembly called the House of Burgesses, which made laws for the colony The House of Burgesses marked the beginning of a representative government in the English colonies During the early years of Jamestown, only a few women made the journey In 1619, about 100 women came to Jamestown The women quickly found husbands and the Virginia Company charged each marriage 150 pounds of tobacco Women had to make everything from scratch At least 15 black men and 17 black women were already living in Virginia by 1619 In 1619, a Dutch ship arrived with 20 Africans The Dutch sold the Africans to the Virginians who needed laborers to grow tobacco About 300 Africans lived in Virginia by 1644 Some were slaves for life, others worked as servants Some Africans were free planters In the late 1600’s, Virginia laws allowed colonists to enslave Africans for life http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gFHym_W6vkE Video! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o69Tv QqyGdg Crash Course – Jamestown and more!