Name __________________________________________ Pd____ CULTURAL ELEMENTS OF THE MIDDLE EAST: HARDLEGS HISTORY (pg. 457-458) -Area of two major ancient civilizations: Mesopotamia & Egypt Mesopotamia is located in present-day ___________________. In ________B.C. people began settling along the __________________. They developed systems of ____________ for _____________. What is irrigation?? _________________________________________ The Sumerians developed many inventions such as: Egypt began to develop along the _________ River around ________ B.C. Ancient Egyptians relied on the ____________________ to bring water and enrich the _________________. Ancient Egypt revolved around _______________ status, the positions groups of people held in society. _______________ was at the center of Egyptian life. Egyptian rulers were called ____________________. Egyptians developed a system of writing known as, _________________, which used pictures for words or sounds. ___________________ was important to the people of Mesopotamia and Egypt. It helped to spread both cultures to other lands as well. -Area is the birthplace of three of the five major religions ART (pg. 473) Religion inspires many artists and architects. _________________: patterns and designs made with glass or pottery ____________________________: beautiful writing for _______________ RELIGION (pg. 459-461,471-472) What are the major Religions in the Region? (3) What is the holy book of each? Name __________________________________________ Pd____ CULTURAL ELEMENTS OF THE MIDDLE EAST: HARDLEGS DAILY LIFE (pg. 474) Lifestyles vary…. -More than ____________live in cities in high-rise apartments -Stone or mud-brick buildings sometimes are without ________________________________________________. - Some people live on small farms that provide their own food. LANGUAGE List some of the major languages: (pg. 472) ECONOMY - Countries whose economies are based on manufacturing or oil production (pg. 474-475: Living Standards) have _____________ standards of living with highly skilled workers and income to build _______________________ - Countries with little manufacturing or oil have _____________ economies. They rely on farming and have not _______________________ GOVERNMENT Types of governments vary in the region: ______________________ (religious leaders) ______________________ (take control through power) ______________________ (elected by the people) ______________________ (born into power) SOCIAL GROUPS (pg. 475-476) Choices : theocracy, democracy, monarchy, dictatorship Family: - Gather for mid-day meals, visit _________________often to watch TV, play games, and to celebrate holidays. - _________________are the head of the household. _____________ are expected to obey their _________________, stay home and raise children. - Arranged marriages are common. Role of Women varies: Some countries do not allow women to _________ or vote but others allow women to __________ and hold public __________.