Final Vocabulary Review Physical Science 2012 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 19 20 17 21 22 24 26 23 25 27 28 29 33 30 31 32 34 35 38 39 36 37 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 62 60 61 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 82 81 83 84 85 86 87 89 www.CrosswordWeaver.com 88 90 ACROSS 2 -(3 words) law that states that energy can never be created or destroyed, only transformed into another form. The total amount of energy in the universe is constant. 4 - a measure of the steepness of a line. The ratio of the rise (vertical change) to the run (horizontal change) of a line on a graph. 7 - refers to the smallest interval that can be measured. 10 - a push or pull, or any action that involves the interaction of objects and has the ability to change motion. 11 - (2 words) a variable one believes may influence another variable. 12 - a factor that may influence the outcome of an investigation. 13 - (2 words) in an experiment, a variable that is changed by the experimenter and/or causes changes in the dependent variable. 14 - (2 words) an unpowered mechanical device that accomplished a task with only one movement 16 - a variable which gives direction information included in its value. 18 the amount of space "taken up" by matter. 24 - (2 words) the frequency at which a system oscillates when disturbed. 25 - the mass per unit volume of a given material. Density is often expressed by using the following units: kg/m3, g/mL, or g/cm3. 26 - (2 words) combined forces that result in a zero net force on an object. 29 - the time it takes for each complete cycle. 32 - a unit of mass smaller than a kilogram. 33 - a form of energy that comes from force applied over distance. 40 - a determination of something that typically has a number value and a unit that tells you what the number value means. 41 - a fixed amount of something, like a centimeter (cm) of length. 42 -Newton's law of motion that states that acceleration is the force divided by mass. 46 - describes evidence that can be seen independently by others if they repeat the same experiment or observation in the same way. 50 - one of many natural frequencies of an oscillator. 51 -(2 words) the forces that result in a net force on an object and can cause changes in motion. 52 - a visual representation of data. 54 - a physical system that has repeating cycles. 56 - (2 words) a relationship in which one variable increases with an increase in another variable. 60 - how often something repeats, expressed in hertz (Hz). 61 - SI unit of force (N). 63 - the state in which the net force on an object is zero. 66 - the unit of frequency equal to one cycle per second. 68 - a form of energy that is related to motion or position. Potential and kinetic energy are examples. 74 - (2 words) the work that is done on an object. 75 - (2 words) a method of using conversion factors and unit canceling to solve a unit conversion problem. 76 - how close a measurement is to an accepted or true value. 78 - the property of an object that resists changes in its motion. 79 - the pivot point of a lever. 80 - the rate at which velocity changes. 81 - a form of potential energy that is stored in molecules. 82 - the rate of doing work or moving energy. 84 -(2 words) measurement system used for everyday measurements in the United States. 85 - a graph of two variables thought to be related. 86 - a unit of energy. Equal to enough energy to push with a force of 1newton for a distance of 1 meter. 87 - a unit of power equal to one joule per second. 88 - (2 words) a relationship in which one variable decreases when another variable increases. 89 - (2 words) a wave that is confined in a space. 90 - (2 words) in an experiment, a variable that responds to changes in the independent variable. DOWN 1 - a device that swings back and force due to the force of gravity. 3 - (2 words) the set of rules that are obeyed by every detail of everything that occurs in the universe. 5 - a measure of the distance between two points. 6 - the energy of motion. 8 - the energy due to position. 9 - (2 words) the ratio of output force divided by the input force. 15 - the mass of an object multiplied by its velocity. 16 - a variable that tells you both speed and direction 17 -(3 words) a law that states that as long as interacting objects are not influenced by outside forces, the total amount of momentum is constant. 19 - Newton's law of motion that states that an object at rest will stay at rest and an object in motion will stay in motion with the same velocity unless acted on by an unbalanced force. 20 - a quantity that describes the ability of an object to change or cause changes. 21 - a force that resists motion. 22 - SI unit for distance. 23 - a small group of objects, effects, and variables that are related. 27 -(2 words) the total distance divided by the total time for a trip. 28 - (2 words) the variable one believes is influenced by the independent variable 30 - the amount of space between two points. 31 -(2 words) the variable that is kept constant in an experiment. 34 - the lowest natural frequency of an oscillator. 35 - (2 words) the forces, energy, or power provided by the machine. 36 -a measure of the pulling force of gravity. 37 - a force that comes from gravity pulling down on any object with mass. 38 - a scientific explanation supported by a lot of evidence collected over a long period of time. 39 - a variable that gives your location relative to an origin. 40 - the amount of matter an object contains. 43 -a device with moving parts that work together to accomplish a task. 44 - (2 words) the forces, energy, or power supplied to make a machine accomplish a task. 45 - a form of energy that is represented by the electromagnetic spectrum. 47 - a unit of motion that repeats. 48 - (2 words) a type of motion that repeats in cycles. 49 - (2 words) the sum of all forces acting on an object. 53 - the basic SI unit of mass. 55 - (2 words) the variable that is changed in an experiment; also called independent variable. 57 - Newton's law of motion that states that for every actions force there is a reaction force equal in strength and opposite in direction. 58 - (2 words) the actual speed of a moving object at any moment, often changes constantly. 59 - International System of measurement used by most countries around the world for everyday measurements; and used by the scientific community worldwide. 62 - (2 words) meaningful digits in a measured quantity. 64 - describes how close together or reproducible repeated measurements are. 65 - the metric unit of force, equal to the force needed to make a 1 kg object accelerate at 1 m/s2. 67 - a place where the position has been given a value of zero. 69 - the ratio of usable output work divided by the total input work 70 - a situation specifically set up to investigate relationships between variables. 71 - a form of energy that is stored in the nuclei of atoms. 72 - (2 words) the work that an object does as a result of work input. 73 - a possible explanation that can be tested by comparison with scientific evidence. 77 - the amount that a cycle moves away from equilibrium. 83 - describes how quickly an object moves, calculated by dividing the distance traveled by the time it takes.