Ch. 22: Russia

advertisement
Global Studies Packet
Ch. 22: Russia
Name: ______________________________________
Due Date: ____________________________________
Vocabulary
Use page 317 of the textbook to complete the exercise below.
Term
CLASS WORK
Definition
Picture
PAGE 1
Use the terms to fill in the blanks.
permafrost
steppes
estates
serfs
collective farms
glastnost
perestroika
coup
1. In the far north of Russia, a layer just under the surface known as ______________________
never melts.
2. In Southern Russia there is a dry area covered with grasses known as the ________________.
3. When Russia was still ruled by the czars, or emperors, most of the people were ___________
who worked on rich people’s ________________.
4. The communists took power in a _________________ and turned the estates into
__________________________.
5. Toward the end of communist rule, there were two new policies ______________________
and ____________________.
CLASS WORK
PAGE 2
A Country in Two Continents
Use pages 318-319 to answer these questions in complete sentences.
1. Describe the size of Russia. Include size in comparison to other countries and size in
square miles.
2. How many time zones are there in Russia?
3. What landform divides Russia into two parts?
4. Describe the climate of the northern part of Russia. Define “permafrost” in your
answer.
5. Describe the dry southern part of Russia. Define the term “steppes” in your answer.
6. Describe the problems with the port cities in Russia.
CLASS WORK
PAGE 3
Russian History Timeline
Use the website to fill in the blanks below. Then, use the app to create a timeline of these
events.
Website- “Russian History Timeline” at www.datesandevents.org
(http://www.datesandevents.org/places-timelines/36-russian-history-timeline.htm)
App- RWT Timeline
Show your timeline to Mrs. Woodward or email it to her at [email protected]
1547- ________________________________became the first Russian czar or emperor.
________- Czar Peter the Great modernized Russia.
1762- __________________________ made Russia a great power.
1914- ____________________________ broke out.
1918- ____________________________ and his family were murdered.
1922- The Soviet Union was formed.
_______- Joseph Stalin became dictator of the Soviet Union.
_______- World War II started.
_______- World War II ended.
1945-1991- Soviet Union competed against U.S. in the Cold War.
1991- Soviet Union was ________________.
CLASS WORK
PAGE 4
Rasputin
Use the reading to answer the questions.
Grigory Rasputin was a peasant from Siberia who became one of the most influential men in the
Russian government. Rasputin dressed in the robes of a monk and was a self-styled 'holy man',
with a reputation as a reckless drunkard, a healer, and a womanizer. He had created his own
'theology' from different cults and sects, and believed that a person had to sin in order to become
holy. He acquired the name Rasputin as a nickname ... it means 'debauched' (morally corrupted)
in Russian ... and he certainly lived up to his name. In addition to his less than upstanding ways,
he was also dirty and unkempt. He never washed or changed clothes and his hair was usually
greasy. But Rasputin was also known for his intense personal magnetism (ability to attract
others), which was heightened by his piercing blue eyes.
Russia was ruled by Czar Nicholas II. The Czar's youngest son Alexis suffered from a genetic
disease called hemophilia, which resulted in uncontrolled bleeding, often leaving him weak and
bedridden. The disease was incurable; doctors could do little except prescribe rest. Rasputin
had, through friends of the Royal family, been invited to the palace, and it wasn't long before he
became a confidante (trusted friend), telling stories to the children and giving Biblical advice to
the Czarina Alexandra. She became taken with him.
Strangely, Rasputin's presence at Alexis' bedside often left him dramatically improved, to the
great astonishment of the doctors. Alexandra requested Rasputin's presence whenever Alexis
was overcome with the disease. At one point, Alexis suffered severe hemorrhaging, and
Rasputin's presence seemed to miraculously help the boy recover.
Fill in the Blanks
Rasputin was a ________________________ from _________________________ who was a
self-styled _____________________. He had a reputation for being a ___________________,
___________________ and a _______________________. Rasputin had unusual ideas on
religion. He thought that a person needed to _________________ in order to become holy.
Though Rasputin was dirty and never changed his _____________________, he was said to
have intense personal _____________________ and _______________________ blue eyes.
Rasputin became close the royal family because the Czar’s son _____________ suffered from
_____________________ and Rasputin’s presence miraculously helped the boy
__________________.
Definitions
 debauched:
 confidante:
CLASS WORK
PAGE 5
The Workers’ State
Use pages 323-324 of the textbook to answer these questions
1. What is Communism?

2. Communist thinkers believe that under their system, _________________________________
will disappear and ___________________ will rule. Until that day, they think the government
should own and run ____________________ for the ________________________. They also
believe that the Communist ____________________________ should run the government.
3. Describe Russia before the revolution.


4. What did the Communists change the name of Russia to?

5. What changes did the Communists make in the following areas?
A. Economic:


B. Social:



C. Military:


6. Soviet leaders feared enemies ____________________. The Soviet dictator, Joseph Stalin,
organized a secret police force called the _______________________________________ or
_________. Anyone who spoke against the government was ______________________ and
over __________________________ Soviet citizens were killed.
CLASS WORK
PAGE 6
Chapter 22 Review
Complete the chapter review activities on pages 330 to 331. Write out all answers fully!
Vocabulary Review (Copy each sentence and write “true” or “false.” If a statement is false,
change the underlined term to make it true.
1. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
3. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
4. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
5. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
Chapter Quiz (Answer in complete sentences. Include the question in your answer.)
1. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________(p. 325)
2. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________(p. 321)
HOMEWORK
PAGE 7
3. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________(p. 324)
4. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________(p. 319)
5. ______________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________(p. 327)
HOMEWORK
PAGE 8
The Murder of Rasputin
Use the reading to answer the questions on the next page.
The murder of Rasputin has become a legend, some of it invented by the very men who
killed him, which is why it has become difficult to explain the actual course of events. On
December 16, 1916, having decided that Rasputin's influence over the Czarina had made
him a threat to the empire, a group of nobles lured Rasputin to the Yusupovs' Moika
Palace by saying there would be a party. The group led him down to the cellar, where
they served him cakes and red wine laced with a massive amount of cyanide. According
to legend, Rasputin was unaffected, although the conspirators had supplied enough
poison to kill five men.
Determined to finish the job, a noble named Prince Yusupov became anxious about the
possibility that Rasputin might live until the morning, leaving the conspirators no time to
conceal his body. Yusupov ran upstairs to consult the others and then came back down to
shoot Rasputin through the back with a revolver. Rasputin fell, and the company left the
palace for a while.
Yusupov, who had left without a coat, decided to return to get one, and while at the
palace, he went to check on the body. Suddenly, Rasputin opened his eyes and lunged at
Yusupov. He grabbed Yusupov, ominously whispered in his ear, "you bad boy," and
attempted to strangle him. At that moment, however, the other conspirators arrived and
fired at Rasputin. After being hit three times in the back, he fell once more. As they
neared his body, the party found that, remarkably, he was still alive, struggling to get up.
They clubbed him into submission. Some accounts say that his killers also mutilated him.
After binding his body and wrapping him in a carpet, they threw him into the icy Neva
River. He broke out of his bonds and the carpet wrapping him, but drowned in the river.
Three days later, Rasputin's body, poisoned, shot four times, badly beaten, and drowned,
was recovered from the river. An autopsy established that the cause of death was
drowning. His arms were found in an upright position, as if he had tried to claw his way
out from under the ice. It was found that he had indeed been poisoned, and that the
poison alone should have been enough to kill him. There is a report that after his body
was recovered, water was found in the lungs, supporting the idea that he was still alive
before submersion into the partially frozen river. The official report of his autopsy
disappeared during the Joseph Stalin era, as did several research assistants who had seen
it.
CLASS WORK
PAGE 9
The Murder of Rasputin: Questions
1. Who wrote the legend of Rasputin’s murder?
2. What do you think conspirators are?
3. According to the story, how many different ways did they try to kill Rasputin?
List them.
4. What are two things you believe were embellished (made up or exaggerated) in the
story?
5. What are two things you believe to be true about the death of Rasputin?
HOMEWORK
PAGE 10
Vocabulary Review
HOMEWORK
PAGE 11
Ch. 22 Study Guide
Each Friday, we will have a quiz on the week’s packet. The most important things to
know are on this study guide.
1. Vocabulary
a. define the terms, use them in sentences, and give examples
2. Timeline of Russian History
a. put events in the order they occurred
b. name the first czar of Russia
c. name the last czar of Russia
d. identify the country Russia became in 1922
e. name the famous dictator of the Soviet Union
f. define the Cold War
3. Rasputin
a. describe Rasputin
4. The Workers’ State
a. define communism
b. identify the name the Communists gave Russia
5. The Murder of Rasputin
a. list methods used to kill Rasputin
STUDY GUIDE
PAGE 12
Download