U.S. Foreign Policy and National Interest

U.S. Foreign Policy and
National Interest
What is foreign policy? What are some examples of U.S. foreign policy?
1. Foreign Policy is the way a country deals with the outside world.
2. Sometimes it is considered to be the expression of how a nation relates to other
3. Almost everything that relates to U.S. interaction with other countries is
considered to be U.S. Foreign policy.
Here are some examples
• When the U.S. trades (or refuses to trade) goods or services with other country
and signs some type of trade agreement.
When the U.S. signs a ______________ with another country
When the U.S. makes military ______________________ with other countries
• When the President declares some _______________ or statement about our
foreign policy
When the U.S. goes to ___________ with another country
When the U.S. gives economic ________ to other countries
When the U.S. helps another country that has been hit by a natural disaster
Which branch of government determines the nations’ foreign policy?
Based on the Constitution, the ______________________ formulates foreign policy,
with the help of the ____________________.
Role of the President
1. The President supervises the implementation of the policy and attempts to obtain
the resources to support it. The President conducts foreign policy - decides how
to achieve his goals.
2. The President also directs the departments and agencies that play a part in the
foreign policy process. Each President selects his _______________ secretaries
for each foreign policy department.
3. The President also articulates and defines our ____________________________.
Role of the Congress
1. The Senate is to advise the President in negotiating agreements, to consent to the
final agreements (________ of the Senate). The Senate also must approve any
presidential appointments such as the President’s _________________.
2. The power to declare war also rests with the ____________________. There
have only been 5 declared wars in the nation’s history.
What departments and agencies are responsible for foreign affairs?
There are many departments that deal with foreign affairs. The main department is the
Department of State and its head is the Secretary of State. The State department, like
many government agencies, is huge. It has nearly 25,000 people world-wide in just over
250 embassies, missions, consulates and branch offices.
Below are many Departments that deal with foreign affairs. Determine what the titles are
who the secretary or head is for each department under President Barak Obama.
State Department
Secretary of State
Defense Department
Joint Chief of Staff
Homeland Security
National Security
National Intelligence
Treasury Department
Justice Department
If the U.S. President articulates our National Interest, what was considered to be
important to U.S. interest under President Bush?
1. No use of Nuclear weapons against the U.S.
2. Protecting and providing enough energy/oil for the U.S.
3. Survival of U.S. Allies
4. Maintain singular role of leadership in the world
What do you think President Obama might set as his main National Interest(s)?