SYLLABUS (For the Academic year 2015 – 2016) BANGALORE

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M.S. RAMAIAH INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
BANGALORE
(Autonomous Institute, Affiliated to VTU)
SYLLABUS
(For the Academic year 2015 – 2016)
VII to VIII Semester B.E.
Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering
1
M S Ramaiah Institute of Technology
Department of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
Introduction to the Department:
Department of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering was established in the year 1992
as Department of Instrumentation Technology and renamed recently by VTU. The
department has been accredited by NBA three times and also has ISO 9001:2008 Quality
management System in place. The synergy of the progressive management, committed
faculty, staff, and students are ensuring in excellent academic results year after year.
The goal and objective of the department have been to prepare the students Industry-ready by
aligning Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering education program to the current
technology and the best practices in the area of Embedded system, Sensor technology and
Industrial Automation technologies in general and specially for deployment of these
technologies in building Industrial Automation Systems with latest advances in Information,
Communication and Networking.
The Vision of the Department:
To become world class centre of excellence in the field of Electronics and
Instrumentation Engineering for education and research
The Mission of the Department:
To empower and imbibe students with technical knowledge and practical skills in
the field of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, enabling them to work as
professionals in globally competitive environment and contribute to the society
through research in higher studies.
In line with this mission, the department takes their program closer to present technology and
practices in industry by training the students in the laboratory and theory courses. The
department has one of best state of art PLC and SCADA laboratory with Allen Bradley PLCs
and SCADA from Schneider Electric along with licensed RS Logix automation software tool.
These systems are very widely used in industry for automation. Hence training on this
provides good scope for students to get placement in core companies.
Program Educational objectives:
PEO 1
Ability to analyze and solve problems in Instrumentation Technology related to industry and research
applying knowledge in Mathematics, physical science and Engineering.
PEO 2
Ability to carry out design, development, installation and commissioning of industrial automation
system.
PEO 3
Ability to communicate effectively, work with team, practice professional ethics, and engage in
lifelong learning.
2
Program Outcomes:
a. Able to apply knowledge of Mathematics, Science and engineering for solving problems in
Instrumentation Technology.
b. Able to design the appropriate procedures to conduct an experiment successfully and analyze
the experimental data.
c. Able to utilize the design process for realizing instrumentation components and subsystem to
meet requirement.
d. Able to design, develop and implementation of an industrial automation system for complex
process/system with realistic constraints.
e. Able to use a wide range of modern software tools related to instrumentation engineering for
design, development, simulation, implementation, verification and certification.
f. Able to develop an understanding and respect different people‟s civilization while providing
engineering solution.
g. Able to assess the impact of scientific and technological developments on projected
economic, social and environmental systems and investigate viable solutions.
h. Able to apply ethical principles in professional career related in Instrumentation engineering
practice.
i. Able to analyze and solve the multidisciplinary nature of a problem (technical and/or nontechnical aspects) and thereby function as a successful team Leader.
j. Able to demonstrate clear communication, both oral and written, in both technical and nontechnical styles.
k. Able to apply management and finance principles learned during the curriculum in effective
management on multidisciplinary project based on instrumentation engineering.
l. Able to recognize the need for and have the ability to acquire knowledge of material
(technical and/or non-technical) through self-directed learning for updating latest technologies
During the program students are prepared from basics theory on the program till design
aspects used in industry. The laboratory sessions provides on most of the core theory subjects
provides scope better understanding of subjects. The professional electives offered to students
in higher semester provide students with choice of domain they want work and peruse higher
studies.
The department of Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering has following laboratories
with modern equipments and kits help the students to learn and understand theory concepts.
1. Analog circuit laboratory
2. Digital system design laboratory
3. Embedded controller laboratory
4. Industrial Instrumentation laboratory I
5. Control system laboratory
6. Digital Signal Processing laboratory
7. Industrial Instrumentation laboratory II
8. PLC and SCADA laboratory
9. Advanced Embedded controller laboratory
10. Advanced control system laboratory
11. Industrial data network laboratory
12. Project work
3
Key activities of the Department in last academic year:
1. Faculty Development Programme / Workshops:



The department organised “A 3-day workshop on Advanced Training in Industrial
Automation Using PLC & SCADA” under TEQIP from 4th Aug to 6th Aug 2014
which was inaugurated by C. Anand, GM, BHEL, Bangalore along with Principle,
MSRIT. Faculties from many colleges participated. The speakers were from reputed
research organization and companies.
The Department organized “A 3-Day Workshop on Embedded System Design
Using ARM Cortex M4”Under TEQIP from 25th May – 27th May 2015which was
inaugurated by Dr. P. V. Ananda Mohan, Technology Advisor, CDAC, Bangalore
along with Principal, MSRIT. Faculties from many colleges participated. The
speakers were from reputed research organization.
The department organised a 3-day workshop on “Soft computing and its
applications in engineering” under TEQIP(Phase-II) from 10th-12th August 2015
which was inaugurated by J.J. Kishore, Senior Scientist, ISRO, Bangalore along with
Principal, MSRIT. Faculties from many colleges participated. The speakers were from
reputed research organization and companies.
2. Inter Departmental Activities:
The department had organised an International Conference on Circuits,
Communication, Control and Computing, I4C2014 along with all the circuit
departments from 21st – 22nd NOV 2014
3. Guest Lecture:

Mrs. Asha and Mr. J R Satish Kumar, Marketing Manager, Manhattan Review, gave
a seminar on “Career Guidance” on 27th Aug 2014.
4. Industrial Visits:
 The students of V semester had visited Kiaga Nuclear Power Plant in the month of
Sept. 2014 to study the Automation process in power generation and control.
5. Alumni Talk:


T R Kishan, Student at University of Basel, delivered an alumni talk on “Macro to
Microscale: Introduction to araphene nano electronics” on 20th Sept. 2014.
Shashank K, Engineer (Instrumentation), ONGC Mangalore Petrochemicals Ltd,
delivered an alumni talk on “ Process Control in Petrochemical industries” on 26th
Sept. 2014.
6. Paper presentation in International/National Conference by faculty:




Dr.R.Elumalai and Jenitha A, “ECG analysis using MPSoC design”, National
Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering, PAPER ID: 242, Jun 2014
Dr.R.Elumalai and Jenitha A, “Memory Partitioning And Task Scheduling For Mpsoc
Architecture”,National Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering, PAPER
ID:240, June 2014
Dr. R Elumalai, A.R Purushotham Reddy, Pushpa.M.K, Jyothirmayi.M and
M.D.Nandeesh, “Application with MUCOS RTOS on Embedded Systems”,
International Journal Of Innovative Research In Electrical, Electronics,
Instrumentation And Control Engineering(IJIREEICE), Vol.2 Issue 12, Dec 2014,
Pg.2286-2289 (ISSN (online)2321 – 2004, ISSN(Print) 2321 – 5526)
M K Pushpa, Aayushi Gupta, Shariq Mohammed Shaikh, Stuti Jha and Suchitra V
“Automatic Waste Segregator”, 3rd National Conference on Computational Control
4
Systems and Optimization (CCSO 2015), Dr Ambedkar Institute of Technology,
Bangalore, Apr 2015, Pg.
M.K.Pushpa, Aayushi Gupta, Shariq Mohammed Shaikh , Stuti Jha and Suchitra V,
“Microcontroller Based Automatic Waste Segregator”, International Journal of
Innovative Research in Electrical, Electronics, Instrumentation and Control
Engineering(IJIREEICE), Vol. 3, Issue 5, May 2015, Pg.104-108, ISSN (Online)
2321 – 2004, ISSN (Print) 2321 – 5526
M K Pushpa, Shunmuga Priya M, Nandini T G, Shilpa C K, Sunitha, “Smart Guiding
System for Blind”, International Journal Of Innovative Research in Electrical,
Electronics, Instrumentation and Control Engineering(IJIREEICE), Vol. 3, Issue 5,
May 2015, Pg.100-103, ISSN (Online) 2321 – 2004, ISSN (Print) 2321 – 5526
H.S.Niranjana Murthy &Dr. M. Meenakshi, “Multivariate prediction of coronary
heart disease based on ANN technique”, proceedings of International review of
applied bio-technology and bio-chemistry, Delton book publisher, volume 2, issue 1,
Jan- June 2014, ISSN 2349-9532.




H.S.Niranjana Murthy &Dr. M. Meenakshi, “Comparison between ANN-Based Heart
Stroke Classifiers Using Varied Folds Data Set Cross-Validation”, Intelligent
computing, communication and devices, Advances in Intelligent systems and
computing, Volume 308, 2015,pages: 693-699, 26th Aug 2014.
H.S.Niranjana Murthy &Dr. M. Meenakshi, “Dimensionality reduction using neuro
genetic approach for early prediction of coronary heart disease”, proceedings of
International conference on Circuits, Communication, Control and Computing,
I4C2014,IEEE publishers, 21st -22nd Nov 2014.
H.S.Niranjana Murthy &Dr. M. Meenakshi, “Mycordial Ischemia Classification
based on morphological features using MLP neural network”, proceedings of third
national conference „Computational Control Systems & Optimization (CCSO2013),ISBN 978-93-82338-63-5, volume 1, 23rd& 24th April 2015 at. Dr. AIT,
Bangalore.



H.S.Niranjana Murthy &Dr. M. Meenakshi, “ANN, SVM and KNN Classifiers for
Prognosis of Cardiac Ischemia- A Comparison”, Bonfring International Journal of
Research in Communication Engineering,Online ISSN: 2277-5080 ISSN: 2250-110X
, Volume: 5 | Issue: 2, Pages: 07-11,June 2015

Spriha Deshpande, Swati N, Narasimha Kaulgud and M D Nandeesh “ Image denoising using
wavelet transform” proceedings of National Symposium on Instrumentation (NSI-39) 15-17th
October 2014, at Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Gurukul Kangri University,
Haridwar-249402
M D Nandeesh & Dr. M. Meenakshi, “A comparative study of different image fusion
algorithm”, proceedings of third national conference „Computational Control Systems &
Optimization (CCSO-2015), pages: 25-29,ISBN 978-93-82338-63-5, volume 1, 23rd& 24th
April 2015 at. Dr. AIT, Bangalore.
M D Nandeesh & Dr. M. Meenakshi, “Image Fusion Algorithms for Medical Images-A
Comparison”, Bonfring International Journal of Research in Communication
Engineering,Online ISSN: 2277-5080 ISSN: 2250-110X , Volume: 5 | Issue: 2, Pages: 2326,June 2015


7. Student Achievements:
 The final year students Spriha Deshpande, Swati N, Narasimha Kaulgud and M D Nandeesh
“ Image de-noising using wavelet transform” presented and published at National
Symposium on Instrumentation (NSI-39) 15-17th October 2014, at Faculty of Engineering
and Technology, Gurukul Kangri University, Haridwar-249402

The final year students Aayushi Gupta, Shariq M, Stuti Jha, Suchitra V, presented
and published “Automatic waste segregator”, in 3rd national conference on
computational control system and optimization, Dr. AIT, 23rd- 24th April 2015, vol 3,
ISBN 978-9384743789.
5




The final year students published paper in international journal on” Microcontroller
based automatic waste segregator”, in IJIREEICE, vol3, issue 5 may 2015, ISSN
(Online) 2321-2004
Sandeep Kumar E , G.P. Mohanraj, Raghuchandra R. Goudar, “Clustering approach
for wireless sensor networks based on cuckoo search strategy”, International Journal
of advanced research in computer and communication engineering, Vol3, Issue 6,
June 2014. ISSN: 23195940
The final year students Shunmuga priya M, Nandini T G, Shilpa C K , Sunitha,“Smart Guiding System For Blind”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF
INNOVATIVE
RESEARCH
IN
ELECTRICAL,
ELECTRONICS,
INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL ENGINEERING, Vol. 3, Issue 5, May
2015.
Suprotim Majumdar , Marut Pattanaik, “Energy Efficient Wireless Sensor Network
for Polyhouse Monitoring”, European Journal of Advances in Engineering and
Technology (EJAET) Vol 2 Issue 6., June 2015

Suprotim Sinha M, and Marut Patnaik has participated and won several positions in
BIZ Tech Quiz, IeMPULSE 2014, Quiz, Amperage 2014, MSRIT QUIZ CLUB,
Pravega, IISC
 Manjayya.M.nagur was a Participant for the Student Satellite Training Programme
STUDSAT
 ABB conducted “ABB campus connect program – Young Engineers‟ Day”.
The following students are the winners to receive the certification of recognition:
1. Nivedha Sivakumar
2. Oindrilla De
The following students were the runners up:
1. Meghana Iyer
2. Akshatha
The following students were finalists:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Nithin Kumar M
Pranesh Acharya
Nithin
Rajat R Rakode
8. Research and Development:
 Department is in the process of getting industrial consultancy project.
 Department is discussing to procure funds from AICTE, DST, DRDO, etc for
research activities.
 Publishing the research papers by faculties.
 Publishing the papers related to student projects.
 Three faculties have submitted their PhD thesis.
6
Faculty list:
SL
NAME
NO.
1
Dr. R. Elumalai
2
A Ramachandran
3
G Shivaprakash
4
M Jyothirmayi
5
M K Pushpa
6
H S Niranjana Murthy
7
M D Nandeesh
8
Elavaar Kuzhali S
9
J V Alamelu
10 A Saravanan
11 K M Vanitha
12 Vibha B Raj
QUALIFICATION
ME, Ph.D
ME(Ph.D)
M.Tech(Ph.D)
ME(Ph.D)
M.Tech(Ph.D)
M.Tech(Ph.D)
M.Tech(Ph.D)
MS(Ph.D)
MS(Ph.D)
ME(Ph.D)
M.Tech(Ph.D)
M.Tech
7
DESIGNATION
Professor & Head
Professor
Associate Professor
Associate Professor
Associate Professor
Assistant Professor
Assistant Professor
Assistant Professor
Assistant Professor
Assistant Professor
Assistant Professor
Assistant Professor
M.S.RAMAIAH INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,BANGALORE
(Autonomous Institute, Affiliated to VTU)
SCHEME OF TEACHING FOR THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2015-16
VII SEMESTER B.E. INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY
Total Credit : 25
Sl.No. Subject
code
1
IT701
2
IT702
3
IT703
Subject
Management and Entrepreneurship
Industrial Data Networks
Intellectual Property Rights
4
IT704
Project work -Phase-1
5
IT702L
Industrial Data Networks Lab
5
IT9XX
Elective - 3
6
IT9XX
Elective - 4
7
XX7OE
X
Open Elective
Teaching Department
Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering
Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering
Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering
Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering
Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering
Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering
Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering
Other Department
Total
8
Lecture
4
Contact hours per week : 28
Hours
Credits
Tutorial
Practical
0
0
4
4
0
0
4
3
0
0
3
0
0
4
2
0
0
2
1
4
0
0
4
4
0
0
4
3
0
0
3
22
0
6
25
VIII SEMESTER B.E. INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY
Total Credit : 21
Sl.No. Subject
code
1
IT801
Subject
Project Work- Phase-II
2
IT9XX
Elective - 5
3
IT9XX
Elective - 6
Teaching Department
Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering
Electronics
&Instrumentation
Engineering
Electronics &
Instrumentation Engineering
Total
9
Lecture
0
Contact hours per week : 34
Hours
Credits
Tutorial
Practical
0
26
13
4
0
0
4
4
0
0
4
8
0
26
21
MANAGEMENT & ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Sub Code: IT701
Credits: 4:0:0
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Prerequisite : Nil
Course Objectives:

To impart students with the knowledge of basic principles of management &
entrepreneurship.

To learn the importance of Planning, Organizing, staffing, directing and controlling.

To learn about the concepts of different styles of motivation, company leadership,
power and authority

To know about the strategies of organization, organization design and structure and to
measure organization effectiveness.

To learn and understand various institutional support for starting a small scale industry
& preparation of a project report.
Course Contents:
Unit I
Management: Introduction - Meaning - Nature and Characteristics of Management, Scope
and Functional Areas of Management - Management as a Science, Art of Professional
Management and Administration - Roles of Management, Levels of Management,
Development of Management Thought - Early Management Approaches - Modern
Management Approaches.
Unit II
Planning, Organizing And Staffing: Nature and Purpose of Planning Process-Objectives Types of Plans (Meaning only) - Decision Making - Importance of Planning -Steps in
Planning and Planning Premises - Hierarchy of Plans.Nature and Purpose of Organization Principles of Organization - Types of Organization -Departmentation - Committees Centralization versus Decentralization of Authority and Responsibility - Span of Control MBO and MBE (Meaning only), Nature and Importance of Staffing - Process of Selection &
Recruitment (in brief).
Unit III
Directing And Controlling: Meaning and Nature of Directing - Leadership Styles,
Motivation Theories, Communication - Meaning and Importance - Coordination, Meaning
and Importance and Techniques of Coordination. Meaning and Steps in Controlling-Essentials
of a sound Control System - Methods of establishing Control.
Unit IV
Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneur - Meaning of Entrepreneur; Evolution of the Concept,
Functions of an Entrepreneur, Types of Entrepreneur, Intrapreneur - an Emerging Class.
Concept of Entrepreneurship - Evolution of Entrepreneurship, Development of
Entrepreneurship, Stages in Entrepreneurial Process; Role of Entrepreneurs in Econom ic
Development; Entrepreneurship in India; Entrepreneurship - Its Barriers. SMALL SCALE
INDUSTRY: Definition, Characteristics; Need and Rationale: Objectives; Scope; Role of SSI
in Economic Development. Advantages of SSI; Steps to start an SSI -Government Policy
towards SSL; Different Policies of SSI; Government Support for SSI during 5 Year Plans,
Impact of Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization on SSL, Effects of WTO / GATT,
Supporting Agencies of Government for SSI. - Meaning, Nature of Support; Objectives;
Functions; Types of Help; Ancillary Industry and Tiny Industry (Definition only).
10
Unit V
Institutional Support: Different Schemes; TECKSOK; KIADB; KSSIDC; KSIMC; DIC
Single Window Agency: SISI; NSIC; SIDBI; KSFC. PREPARATION OF PROJECT:
Meaning of Project; Project Identification; Project Selection; Project Report; Need and
Significance of Report; Contents; Formulation; Guidelines by Planning Commission for
Project Report; Network Analysis; Errors of Project Report; Project Appraisal, Identification
of Business Opportunities - Market Feasibility Study; Technical Feasibility Study; Financial
Feasibility Study and Social Feasibility Study.
Text Books:
1. Principles of Management - P.C.Tripathi, P.N.Reddy; Tata McGraw Hill.
2. Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Development &Management - Vasant Desai: Himalaya
Publishing House.
3. Entrepreneurship Development - Small Business Enterprises - Poornima M
Charantimath - Pearson Education - 2006.
Reference Books:
1. Management Fundamentals - Concepts, Application, Skill Development - Robert
Lusier: Thomson
2. Entrepreneurship Development - S S Khanka - S.Chand & Co.
3. Management- Stephen Robbins: Pearson Education / PHI - 17th Edition, 2003
Course Outcomes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Analyse the functional areas of management and role of managers in managing people,
processes and resources within a diverse organization.
Analyze the nature, purpose & objectives of Planning, Organizing & Staffing.
Analyze the nature & importance of Directing and Controlling in an Organization.
Identify the importance of Entrepreneurship & role of Small Scale Industries in
Economic Development
Identify the Institutional support to start a Small Scale Industry &understand the
Guidelines for preparation of a Project Report.
Course Outcomes
a
b
Analyze the functional areas of
management and role of managers in
managing people, processes and
resources within a diverse organization.
Analyze the nature, purpose & objectives
of Planning, Organizing & Staffing.
Analyze the nature & importance of
Directing and Controlling in an
Organization.
Identify the importance of
Entrepreneurship & role of Small Scale
Industries in Economic Development.
Identify the Institutional support to start
a Small Scale Industry & understand the
Guidelines for preparation of a Project
Report.
11
c
Program Outcomes
d e f g h i
j
k
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
l
INDUSTRIAL DATA NETWORKS
Sub Code: IT702
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : NIL
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:
 Introduce the concept of communication protocols, ISO OSI layers and its functionalities.
 Assignment of IP addressing, routing data for the subnet.
 Significance of computer communication in industries based on different standards and
protocols.
 Working of various Industrial field buses used in Industries with specific case studies.
 Understand the usage and working of operator displays in Industries.
Course Contents:
Unit - I
DATA NETWORK FUNDAMENTALS
Network hierarchy and switching – Open system interconnection model of ISO OSI model
[including Fiber optic communication]– Network Topologies and IEEE standards [IEEE
802.3,802.4,802.5]- USB -IrDA.
Unit - II
INTERNETWORKING
Network Devices – Open system configuration with bridges and Gateways – Routing algorithms
– Network addressing – IP V4, IPV6- TCP/IP [Industrial ETHERNET] - Special requirements
of Networks used in control.
Unit – III
Industrial FIELD BUS & Protocols
Field Bus Introduction – General Field Bus architecture – Basic requirements of field bus
standard – Field bus topology – Foundation field bus HSE – MODBUS TCP – PROFINET –
Ether CAT-Inter connectivity - comparisons.
Unit – IV
Industrial Network Protocols
Architecture and requirements, applications of CAN - PROFIBUS - SERCOS - IEEE1588 and
other recent Industrial standards.
Unit - V
HART and Group Displays
Evolution of signal standards – HART communication protocol– Communication modes –
HART Networks – Control system interface – HART and OSI standard comparison. Group
Displays – used in DCS, Wireless HART and other wireless standards, Implementation with
Case studies
TEXT BOOKS
1. A.S. Tanenbaum, „Computer Networks‟, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, 1996 / PHI.
2. W. Buchanan, „Computer Buses‟, Arnold Publishers, London, 2000
REFERENCE BOOKS
1. G. K. McMillan, „Process/Industrial Instruments Hand book‟, Tata McGraw Hill, New
York, 1999.
2. Romily Bowden, „HART Application Guide and OSI communication Foundation‟, 1999.
12
Course outcomes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Analyze the services and features of the various layers based on ISO OSI Reference
model, communication concepts in data networks.
Recognize the different protocols in each layer and their functions.
Design, calculate, and apply subnet masks and addresses to fulfill networking
requirements.
Analyze the features and operations of various application layer protocols by
implementing through various Field buses.
Analyze the concepts of HART protocol, operator displays as implemented in Industrial
environment.
b
x
c
x
Program Outcomes
d e f g h i
x
x
Recognize the different protocols in each layer
and their functions.
x
x
x
x
x
Design, calculate, and apply subnet masks and
addresses to fulfill networking requirements.
x
x
x
x
x
Analyze the features and operations of various
application layer protocols by implementing
through various Field buses.
x
x
x
x
x
Analyze the concepts of HART protocol,
operator displays as implemented in Industrial
environment
x
x
x
x
x
Course Outcomes
a
Analyze the services and features of the various
layers based on ISO OSI Reference model,
communication concepts in data networks.
13
j k
l
x
INDUSTRIAL DATA NETWORKS LAB
Sub Code: IT702L
Contact Hours: 2 hours/week
Pre requisite : NIL
Credits: 0:0:1
Course Objectives:




To impart hands on training with operator panel.
To understand and use the concepts of DCS and its networking.
To provide hands on for the usage of factory talk software.
Implement of modes of communication between PLCs in DCS environment.
List of Experiments:
1. Controllers and OOP in DCS based in tags
2. Remote Supervision of Client / Server solutions
3. Handling of alerts and alarms
4. Operator panel/control station based solutions
5. Implementation of Industrial network protocols.
6. Implementation of Industry applications with message communication
7. Usage of Instruction set for any application
8. Implementation of Instruction set with Factory Talk software
9. Usage of timers and counters in operator panel
10. Report generations
11. Trends and Graphs in operator panel
12. Producer consumer for communication
Course Outcomes:
1. To use the software factory talk.
2. Implementation of several communication modes within PLCs in DCS environment.
3. Implementation of graphical panel for HMI in remote environment.
4. Handling and utilization of all object tags for any applications.
Course Outcomes
To use the software factory
talk.
Implementation of several
communication
modes
within PLCs in DCS
environment.
Implementation
of
graphical panel for HMI in
remote environment.
Handling and utilization of
all object tags for any
applications
x
x
x
Program Outcomes
e
f
g
h
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
a
b
c
d
14
i
j
k
l
x
x
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
Sub Code: IT703
Contact Hours: 3 hours/week
Prerequisite : Nil
Credits: 3:0:0
Course Objectives





To impart students with knowledge and understanding of fundamental principles of IP
law & to learn various forms of IP such as Copyright, Trademark, Patent and Industrial
designs.
To get awareness about the protections given to the mental labor put forth by individuals
in various forms of IP.
To learn and understand the comparative and international IP law.
To know about the basic legal aspects of IP and to identify some sources of information
on IPRs.
To get awareness about the procedure for registration of a patent in the Indian patent
office.
Course Contents:
Unit I
Basic Principles Of Ipr Laws: History of IPR-GATT,WTO,WIPO & Trips Role of IPR in
Research & Development & Knowledge era, Concept of property, Marx‟s theory of property,
Constitutional Aspects of Intellectual property, Different forms of IPR – copyright, trade mark,
Industrial Designs, Layout designs of Integrated circuits, Patents, Geographical Indications,
Traditional Knowledge, Plant varieties, Trade secrets
Unit II
Copyright: Evolution of copy right law in India, Justifications, Subject matter of copyright,
Terms of protections, Concepts-originality/Novelty idea expression, Fixation & fair Use,
Copyrights in software protection, Infringement of copyright and acquisition in Indian context
Unit III
Trade Mark: Introduction, Functions of a trademark, Essentials of a trademark, Justification:
Economic, Quality & advertising, Descriptive & Generic trademark, Certification trademark and
collective marks, Fundamental principle of trademark law, Concepts of subject matter
acquisition, Implication and benefits of registration, Procedure for registration, infringements of
trade marks & defenses, Relief in suits for infringement.
Unit IV
Patent:Basic principles of patent laws, Historical background, Basis for IP protection, Criteria
for patentability, Novelty, Utility and Inventive step, Non obviousness, Non Patentable
inventions, Patent searching, Pre-grant and post-grant oppositions, grant or refusal of patents,
Infringement and prosecution in India, Patent Drafting: Format, Provisional & Complete
specifications, Scopes of inventions, description of invention, drawings, claims.
Unit V
Industrial Designs : Introduction, Justification, Subject matter of design law definition
Excluded subject matter Law relating to industrial design and registration in India Infringement
of design rights Semiconductor & IC Layout Designs: semiconductor topography design
rights. Infringement.
15
Text Books:
1. Intellectual Property Rights, Prabuddgha Ganguli, TMH Publishing co. Lts. 2001
2. Intellectual Property Law Handbook, Dr.B.L.Wadhera, Universal law Publishing Co. Ltd.
2002.
3. Patent Fundamentals for Scientists and Engineers, Thomas T Gordon and Arthur S
Cookfair, CRC Press 1995.
4. Course materials for one year P.G.Diploma in IPR from NLSIU, Bangalore by Prof.
T.Ramakrishna
Reference books:
1. P.Narayan Intellectual property Law 3rd edition Eastern Law house 2001
2. David Bainbridge “Intellectual Property” 5th edition, Indian reprint 2003,Person edition.
3. World Intellectual Property Organizations (WIPO) Handbook/Notes
Course Outcomes
1. Analyse the various IPR regimes & appreciate fair use of IPR principles, rights and duties
in the learning and research process.
2. Analyse the meaning and laws related to copyright & its infringements.
3. Analyse the meaning and laws related to trademark & its infringements
4. Analyse the meaning of patent law & understand the procedure for drafting of patent for
an invention.
5. Analyse the laws related to Industrial Designs & Semiconductor IC layout Designs & its
infringements.
Course Outcomes
a
b
Analyze the various IPR regimes &
appreciate fair use of IPR principles,
rights and duties in the learning and
research process
Analyse the meaning and laws related to
copyright & its infringements.
Analyse the meaning and laws related to
trademark & its infringements.
Analyse the meaning of patent law &
understand the procedure for drafting of
patent for an invention..
Analyse the laws related to Industrial
Designs & Semiconductor IC layout
Designs & its infringements.
c
d
Program Outcomes
e f g h i
x
j
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
16
k
l
POWER PLANT INSTRUMENTATION
Sub Code: IT910
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : NIL
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:

To study the various methods of Power generations

To study the measurement of various parameters in power plant

To study analyzers used in power plant

To study the boiler control system

To study instrumentation system used in turbine
Course Contents:
Unit I
Power generation:
Hydro, thermal, nuclear, solar and wind power. Importance of instrumentation in thermal power
plants – nuclear power plants –block diagram- P&I diagram of boilers
Unit II
Measurements:
Current, voltage, power,, frequency, power factor. Flow of feed water, fuel, air and steam with
correction factor for temperature- steam temperature and steam pressure- drum level
measurement- radiation detector, smoke density measurement –dust monitor
Unit III
Analyzers:
Flue gas analyzer, -analyzers of impurities in feed water and steam- oxygen analyzerchromatography-PH meter- fuel analyzers-pollution monitoring
Unit IV
Boiler control:
Combustion control- air fuel ratio control-furnace draft control- drum level control-main steam
and reheat steam temperature control-super heater control- attemperator - deaerator controlDCS /NCS in power plant – inter lock mechanism in boiler control
Unit V
Turbine :
Measurement of turbine speed, vibration- shell temperature and control- team pressure controllubricating oil temperature control- cooling system
Reference books:
1. Sam G. Dukelow, The control of Boilers , ISA 1991
2. Modern power station practice, vol6, Instrumentation, Controls and testing,
Pergamon press, Oxford,1971
3. Elonka S.M. and Kohal A.L. Standard Boiler Operations, McGraw- Hill,1994
Course Outcomes:
1. Able to analyze various power generation methods and their controls.
2. Able to understand various measurement solutions for physical parameters monitored in
power plant.
3. Able to understand various analyzer for monitoring impurity I feed water and flue gas etc.
4. Able to understand boiler control system in power plant.
5. Able to understand measurement and control systems in turbine.
17
Course Outcomes
a
×
Able to analyze various power
generation methods and their controls
Able to understand various measurement ×
solutions for physical parameters
monitored in power plant
Able to understand various analyzer for
monitoring impurity I feed water and
flue gas etc.
Able to understand boiler control system ×
in power plant
Able to understand measurement and ×
control systems in turbine
b
×
18
c
Program Outcomes
d e f g h i
×
×
j
k
l
ROBOTICS
Sub Code: IT911
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : Nil
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:





To understand the basic subsystems of the robot.
To understand the role of internal and external sensors of robot system.
To understand and analyze basic transformation matrix of robot system.
To understand and analyze kinematics problem of robot.
To understand and analyze motion planning and path planning.
Course Contents:
Unit I
Basic Concepts
Definition of robotics- classification of robotics- degrees of freedom –Links-Joints-rigid bodymanipulator-various subsystems of robotics-Power sources- Hydraulic, pneumatic, electric
drives.
Unit II
Internal and External Sensors
Internal sensors-Position sensors- incremental encoder-absolute encoder-resolver velocity
sensors-tachometer and Hall Effect sensor, acceleration and forces sensors-hall effect-touch
sensors Proximity sensors- ultrasonic sensors-laser sensors for range measurements- machine
vision sensors.
Unit III
Transformation
Rotation matrix- composite rotation matrix- Rotation matrix with Euler angles representation homogenous transformation matrix- DH representation- homogenous transformation for various
arm configurations.
Unit IV
Kinematics
Direct and inverse kinematics- forward position analysis - inverse position analysis - Jacobian
matrix – acceleration analysis.
Unit V
Motion planning
Joint space planning - Cartesian space planning -Position and Orientation trajectories - Point-topoint Planning - continuous path generation. Collision avoidance algorithms.
Reference Books:
1. Mikell P, Weiss G M , Nagel R N, Industrial Robotics McGraw Hill 1996
2. Ghosh, Control in Robotics and Automation: Sensors based integration, Allied publishers
,1998
3. Deb S R, Robotics Technology and flexible automation, John Wiley 1992
4. Asfahl C. R. Robots and manufacturing automation, John Wiley 1992
5. Klafter R D, Chimielewski T A, Robotic Engineering – An integrated approach , PHI,1994
6. K S Fu, R C Gonzales C S G Lee, Robotics Control Sensing Vision and Intelligence,
international edition-1987.
7. S K Saha, Introduction to Robotics, Tata McGraw Hill.
19
Course Outcomes:
1. Identify basic components of robot system and its functionality.
2. List internal and external sensors of robot body and its significance.
3. Identify DH representation of robot and homogenous transformation for various arm
configurations.
4. Solve forward and inverse kinematic problems.
5. Design algorithms for motion planning and path planning.
Course Outcomes
Identify basic components of robot system
and its functionality.
List internal and external sensors of robot
body and its significance.
Identify DH representation of robot and
homogenous transformation for various arm
configurations.
Solve forward and inverse kinematic
problems.
Design algorithms for motion planning and
path planning.
Program Outcomes
a
b
x
x
x
x
x
c
d
x
x
20
f
g
h
i
x
x
j
x
k
l
x
x
x
x
e
x
x
x
x
x
ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS & FUZZY LOGIC
Sub Code: IT912
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : Nil
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:





To make students understand about Biological Neural Network, Differences between
Biological Neural Network and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and to make students
understand mathematical foundations and the structures of artificial neurons.
To make students gain knowledge about mathematical basis of learning mechanisms,
Introduce the concept of perceptrons, discusses its capabilities and limitations as a pattern
classifier.
To Impart knowledge about concepts of multilayer perceptrons with back propagation
learning, and more advanced ANNs- radial basis function networks (RBF) and Discrete
Hopfield Network.
To teach about the concept of fuzziness involved in various systems. To provide adequate
knowledge about fuzzy set theory.
To make students understand the basics of fuzzy system and impart Knowledge about
Fuzzy Inference System and their application to real time system.
Course Contents:
Unit-I
Introduction: Basic building blocks of ANN, ANN terminologies, comparison between
Artificial & Biological neural networks, Learning Rules, Network Architectures, Fundamental
Models of ANN, Neural Net for Pattern Classification- Hebb Net, Perceptron , Adaline.
Unit II
Feed Forward and Feedback Networks: Madaline network –Architecture, training algorithm,
Back propagation network- Architecture, training algorithm, Discrete Hopfield network –
architecture, training algorithm and energy analysis, Radial Basis Function network Architecture, training algorithm.
Unit III
Fuzzy Set and Fuzzy Relations: Basic concepts of Fuzzy logic state & random process, Fuzzy
sets & Crisp sets, Fuzzy set operation, properties of Fuzzy sets, mapping of classical sets to
function, Classical Relations and Fuzzy Relations, Fuzzy Tolerance, : Features of Membership
Functions.
Unit IV
Fuzzy Systems : Crisp Logic, Predicate Logic, Fuzzy Logic, Fuzzy Rule based system,
Fuzzification & De-fuzzification Methods, lambda cuts for fuzzy sets, lambda cuts for fuzzy
relations.
Unit V
Fuzzy Control Systems : Control System Design Problem, Simple Fuzzy logic Controller,
Examples of Fuzzy Control System Design, Design of fuzzy Logic controller – Fuzzy Control of
Water Heater, Fuzzy Traffic Control, Fuzzy Aircraft Control, Fuzzy Cruise Controller.
Reference Books:
1. Chapter 1 & 2 - Fundamentals of Neural Networks, Architectures, Algorithms, and
Applications, Laurene Fausett, Pearson Educaation,2004
21
2. Chapter 1 & 2 - Introduction to Neural networks using Matlab, S.N. Sivanandam,
Sumithi, Deepa, Tata McGraw- Hill 2006
3. Chapter 3,4 & 5 - Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications, Timothy J Ross, WILEY
INDIA, Second Edition, 2007
4. Chapter 3,4 & 5 - Neural networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms Synthesis and
Applications, S.Rajasekaran, G.A. Vijayalakshmi Pai, PHI, 14th Printing 2010.
5. Chapter 5 – Digital Control and state variable methods (Chapter 12),M.Gopaal, Tata
McGraw- Hill, 2005.
Course Outcomes:
1. Differentiate between Biological Neural Network and Artificial Neural Network (ANN)
and achieves good knowledge about the Neural Networks for Pattern Classification.
2. Develop functionality of artificial neural networks of the Back-prop, Hopfield, and RBF
etc.
3. Implementation of ANN in real world applications.
4. Able to solve problems based on fuzzy set and fuzzy relations.
5. Implementation of fuzzy logic control in real world applications.
Course Outcomes
b
x
c
x
Program Outcomes
d e f g h i
x x
x
j
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
a
Differentiate between Biological Neural
Network and Artificial Neural Network
(ANN) and achieves good knowledge
about the Neural Networks for Pattern
Classification.
Develop functionality of artificial
neural networks of the Back-prop,
Hopfield, and RBF etc.
Implementation of ANN in real world
applications.
Able to solve problems based on fuzzy
set and fuzzy relations.
Implementation of fuzzy logic control in
real world applications.
22
k
l
x
REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS
Sub Code: IT913
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : NIL
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:



The primary goal of this course is to meet the student the basics of real-time systems like
task, process scheduling.
The concepts on Real time models with designs are handled.
To give the student knowledge and skills necessary to design and implement embedded
applications by means of real-time operating systems.
Course Contents:
Unit I
Review of Operating Systems
Basic Principles – System Calls – Files – Processes – Design and Implementation of processes –
Communication between processes – Operating System structures.
Unit II
Real Time Models:
Event Based – Process Based and Graph based Models – Pertinent Models.
Unit III
Real Time Models and Languages:
Real Time Languages – RTOS Tasks – RT scheduling - Interrupt processing – Synchronization –
Control Blocks – Memory Requirements.
Unit IV
Real Time Kernel
Principles – Design issues – RTOS Porting to a Target – Comparison and study of various RTOS
like VX works and C/OS – II – Embedded Linux Internals
Unit V
RTOS Application domains
Embedded RTOS for voice over IP – RTOS for fault Tolerant Applications – RTOS for Control
Systems - Case studies.
Text Books:
1. Raj Kamal “Embedded Systems Architecture, Programming and Design”, TMH
2. Philip A. Laplante “Real Time Systems Design and Analysis”. Wiley Blackwell. 3 rd
Edition
Reference Books:
1. Herma K.,“Real Time Systems – Design for distributed Embedded Applications”, Kluwer
Academic, 1997.
2. Charles Crowley, “Operating Systems-A Design Oriented approach” McGraw Hill 1997.
3. Raymond J.A.Bhur, Donald L.Bailey, “An Introduction to Real Time Systems”, PHI
1999.
23
Course Outcomes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Able to familiarize on theoretical background (specification/verification) and practical
concepts of operating systems.
Able to familiarize on Real time operating systems based on real time applications with
different models.
Able to analyze the use of multitasking techniques in real-time systems, structures in
practical implementations.
Able to perform scheduling of tasks and with different deadline based algorithms,
appreciate how application areas (e.g. Cruise control, aircraft control etc) impact on realtime operating system facilities.
Able to differentiate on different RTOS that used in real time applications.
Course Outcomes
a
b
Able to familiarize on theoretical
background (specification/verification)
and practical concepts of operating
systems.
Able to familiarize on Real time
operating systems based on real time
applications with different models.
Able to analyze the use of multitasking
techniques in real-time systems,
structures in practical implementations.
Able to perform scheduling of tasks and
with
different
deadline
based
algorithms, appreciate how application
areas (e.g. Cruise control, aircraft
control etc) impact on real-time
operating system facilities.
Able to differentiate on different RTOS
that used in real time applications
24
c
x
Program Outcomes
d e f g h i
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
j
k
l
x
INSTRUMENTATION & CONTROL IN PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES
Sub. Code: IT914
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite: NIL
Credit: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:
 To impart students with the knowledge of complete operation of Petrochemical
Industries.
 Will acquire basic understanding of reaction & control of this Industry
 It deals with various equipments involved in the Petrochemical Industries
 It deals Distillation Column, Reactor, Heat exchangers, Evaporators
 It deals with performance of the pumps
Course Contents:
Unit-I
Introduction: Petroleum Exploration, production and Refining – Sub process- final product by-products - constituents of Crude Oil.
Unit-II
P & I diagram of petroleum refinery – Atmospheric Distillation of Crude oil – Vacuum
Distillation process – Thermal Conversion process – Control of Distillation Column –
Temperature Control – Process control – Feed control – Reflux Control – Reboiler Control
Unit-III
Controls of chemical Reactors: Temperature Control, Pressure Control – Control of Dryers –
Batch Dryers – Atmospheric and Vacuum; Continuous Dryers
Unit-IV
Control Heat Exchangers and Evaporators – variables and Degrees of freedom – Liquid to
Liquid Heat Exchangers – Steam Heaters – Condensers – Reboilers and Vaporizers – Cascade
Control – Feed forward Control. Evaporators: Types of Evaporators
Unit-V
Control of Pumps: Centrifugal pump: On-Off level control – Pressure control – Flow control –
Throttling control. Rotary pumps: On-Off pressure control. Reciprocating Pumps: On-Off
control and Throttling control. Effluent and Water Treatment Control: Chemical Oxidation –
chemical Reduction – Naturalization – Precipitation – Biological control.
TEXT BOOKS
1. Dr. Ram Prasad, “Petroleum Refining Technology”, Khanna Publisher, 1st Edition,2000.
2. Liptak B.G., “Instrumentation in Process Industries”, Chilton Book Company,1973.
REFERENCE BOOKS
1. Considine M. and Ross S.D., “Handbook of Applied Instrumentation”, McGraw Hill,1962.
2. Liptak B.G., “Instrument Engineers Handbook”, Volume II.,1989.
25
Course Outcome:
1. Able to explain the basics of petrochemical industries.
2. Able to explain the working of chemical Reactors, Control Heat Exchangers and Evaporators
3. Have a broad knowledge in working of various instruments that are used in Petrochemical
industries.
4. Able to perform Control of Reciprocating pumps, Rotary pumps and centrifugal pumps
5. Able to implement the Effluent and Water treatment control, Neutralization, Precipitation
Course outcomes
a
b c
Program outcomes
d e f
g h i
Able to explain the basics of petrochemical
industries
Able to explain the working of chemical
Reactors, Control Heat Exchangers and
Evaporators
Have a broad knowledge in working of
various instruments that are used in
Petrochemical industries.
x
x
x
x
x
x
X
x
x
x
x
x
x
X
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Able to perform Control of Reciprocating
pumps, Rotary pumps and centrifugal pumps
x
x
x
x
x
x
Able to implement the Effluent and Water
treatment control, Neutralization, Precipitation
x
x
x
x
x
x
26
j
k
l
AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTATION
Sub Code: IT915
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : Nil
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:





To impart the knowledge about the instruments involved in aircraft systems for display,
measurement and interpreting the data.
To provide the knowledge about the measurement of altitude, airspeed, vertical speed for
analysing the data.
To facilitate the study of gyroscope and its erecting systems.
To provide the knowledge about the measurement of engine speed, temperature, pressure
to analyse the proper working of aircraft system.
To provide the knowledge about the measurement of fuel quantity, fuel flow and engine
control instruments.
Course Contents:
Unit I
Instrument display panels and layout: Qualitative and quantitative display, director, display,
heading display and instrument grouping basic air data system, pitot static probe, heating circuit
arrangement.
Unit II
Altitude and vertical speed indicator: Measurement of altitude, servo altimeter, airspeed
indicator, mach-meter, mach warning, vertical speed indicator, altitude alerting system
Unit III
Flight Instrumentation: Gyroscope and its property, transport wandering, gyro horizon erection
system for gyro horizon, torque motor and leaving switch system, electromagnet method, turn
and bank indicator
Unit IV
Measurement of engine speed temperature and pressure: Electrical tachometer system, servo
operated tachometer, method and application of temperature measurement, temperature
sensingelement, servo operated indicator, radiation pyrometer, method of measuring pressure
switch
Unit V
Fuel quality and flow and engine control instruments: Quality indicative system, capacitve
type fuel quantity by weight, location and connection of tank, fuel quantity , totalizer indicator,
fuel flow system, power indicator for reciprocative engine, turbo jet engine, turbo temperature
indicator
Text Books
1. Aircraft instrumentation, 2nd edition EHJ Pallet, Longman scientific and Technical 1992
2. Aircraft instrumentation and Integrated systems, EHJ Pallet, Longman scientific and
Technical 1992
References:
1. Aircraft instrumentation design, W H Courthard, Pitman and sound 1981
2 Aircraft instrumentation C A Willams, Golgatia publishions, New Delhi
27
Course Outcomes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Analyse the various types of displays with many data.
Analyse the altitude, airspeed and vertical speed data.
Analyse the working and importance of gyroscope.
Analyse the engine speed, temperature and pressure data.
Analyse the fuel flow, fuel quantity data.
Course Outcomes
Analyze the various types of displays with
many data.
a
x
b
c
x
Program Outcomes
d e f g h i
x x
j
x
k
x
Analyze the altitude, airspeed and vertical
speed data.
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Analyze the working and importance of
gyroscope.
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Analyze the engine speed, temperature and
pressure data.
x
x
x
x
x
Analyze the fuel flow, fuel quantity data.
x
x
x
x
x
28
l
DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEMS
Sub Code: IT917
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : NIL
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:






To study the importance of sample data control system.
To give adequate knowledge about signal processing in digital control.
To study the importance of modeling of discrete systems and stability analysis of discrete
data system.
To study the importance of state space representation for discrete data system.
To introduce the design concept for digital controllers
To study the design of state regulator using Lyapunov and matrix Ricatti Equation
Course Contents:
Unit-I
Computer Controlled System
Configuration of the basic digital control scheme – general sampled data system variables –
signal classifications – why use digital control system – Advantages – disadvantages – examples
of discrete data and digital control systems. Review of -Sampling process – Frequency domain
analysis – ideal samples – Shanon‟s sampling theorem – generation and solution of process –
linear difference equations – data reconstruction process – frequency domain characteristics.
Unit-II
Discrete System Modeling
Determination of the z transform – mapping between s and z domains – z transform of system
equations – open loop Hybrid sampled Data Control Systems – open loop discrete Input Data
Control System – closed loop sampled data control system – modified z transform method –
response between sampling instants – stability on the w plane and jury‟s stability test – steady
state error analysis for stable systems. Continuous to discrete transformation methods- Numerical
integration method- pole-zero equivalence(mapping)-Hold equivalence (ZOH,FOH)
Unit-III
Design Of Digital Control System
Bode diagram-Root locus (design)-Digital P,PI,PID controller, Position and velocity forms
Unit-IV
Discrete Variable Analysis Of Digital Control Systems
conversion of state variable models to transfer functions – conversion of transfer functions to
canonical state variable models –control observer Canonical form – state description of sampled
continuous time plants – solution of state difference equations – closed form solution – state
transition matrix – Caley Hamilton Technique – concept of controllability and observability –
ackermans formula, dead beat
Unit-V
Linear Quadractic Optimal Control
Parameter optimization and optimal control problems-Quadratic performance index-Control
configurations-State regulator design through Lyapunov equation and matrix riccati equationoptimal digital control system
29
TEXT BOOKS
1. M.Gopal, „Digital Control and State Variables Methods‟, Tata McGraw HILL, 2nd
Edition, 2003.
2. Katsuhiko Ogata, ‟Discrete time control system‟, Pearson education 2003‟
Course Outcomes:
1. Analyze the importance of signal processing in digital control.
2. Modeling of discrete systems and stability analysis of discrete control system.
3. Design digital controller and apply them in real process.
4. Analyze digital control using state variable method
5. Design of state regulator using Lyapunov and matrix Ricatti Equation
Course Outcomes
Analyze the importance of
signal processing in digital
control.
Modeling
of
discrete
systems
and
stability
analysis of discrete control
system.
Design digital controller
and apply them in real
process.
Analyze digital control
using
state variable
method
Design of state regulator
using
Lyapunov
and
matrix Ricatti Equation
a
b
c
d
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
30
Program Outcomes
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE AND COMPATIBILITY IN SYSTEM
DESIGN
Subject code: IT918
Contact hours: 4Hours/week
Pre-requisite: NIL
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:




To impart EMI sources and its measurements.
To impart the various techniques to control EMI.
To impart EMC testing
To impart various standards on EMI/EMC
Course Contents:
Unit-I
EMI/EMC CONCEPTS
EMI-EMC definitions and Units of parameters; Sources and victim of EMI; Conducted and
Radiated EMI Emission and Susceptibility; Transient EMI, ESD; Radiation Hazards.
Unit-II
EMI COUPLING PRINCIPLES
Conducted, radiated and transient coupling; Common ground impedance coupling ; Common
mode and ground loop coupling ; Differential mode coupling ; Near field cable to cable coupling,
cross talk ; Field to cable coupling ; Power mains and Power supply coupling.
Unit-III
EMI CONTROL TECHNIQUES
Shielding, Filtering, Grounding, Bonding, Isolation transformer, Transient suppressors, Cable
routing, Signal control.
Unit-IV
EMC DESIGN OF PCBS
Component selection and mounting; PCB trace impedance; Routing; Cross talk control; Power
distribution decoupling; Zoning; Grounding; VIAs connection; Terminations.
Unit-V
EMI MEASUREMENTS AND STANDARDS
Open area test site; TEM cell; EMI test shielded chamber and shielded ferrite lined anechoic
chamber; Tx /Rx Antennas, Sensors, Injectors / Couplers, and coupling factors; EMI Rx and
spectrum analyzer; Civilian standards-CISPR, FCC, IEC, EN; Military standards-MIL461E/462.
REFERENCE:
1. V.P.Kodali, “Engineering EMC Principles, Measurements and Technologies”, IEEE Press,
Newyork,1996.
2. Henry W.Ott.,”Noise Reduction Techniques in Electronic Systems”, A Wiley Inter Science
Publications, John Wiley and Sons, Newyork, 1988.
3. Bemhard Keiser, “Principles of Electromagnetic Compatibility”, 3rd Ed, Artech house,
Norwood,1986.
31
Course Outcomes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Identity location of EMI.
Analyze EMI coupling between source to other device.
Analyze various methods to control EMI.
Design of PCB with EMC.
Able Measure EMI and use various standard to test the device for EMI?EMC compliance.
Course Outcomes
a
Identity location of EMI.
Analyze EMI coupling between source to other
device.
Analyze various methods to control EMI.
Design of PCB with EMC.
Able Measure EMI and use various standard to
test the device for EMI?EMC compliance.
32
b
c
x
Program Outcomes
d e f g h i
x
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
j
k
l
ARM PROCESSORS
Sub Code: IT919
Contact Hours: 5 hours/week
Pre requisite : NIL
Credits: 3:1:0
Course Objectives:





Impart knowledge about the ARM design philosophy, design rules; ARM based
embedded system hardware and software components.
To make them understand the ARM processor core fundamentals.
Impart knowledge about ARM and THUMB instruction set.
To make them understand and Learn exceptions and interrupt handling Schemes.
To provide an insight into ARM Processor- LPC 2148 and its peripherals.
Course Contents:
UNIT -I
ARM embedded systems: The RISC design philosophy, The ARM design philosophy,
embedded system hardware, embedded system software.ARM Architecture.
ARM processor fundamentals: Registers, current program status register, pipeline, exceptions,
interrupts and vector table, core extensions, Architecture revisions, ARM processor families
UNIT -II
Introduction to ARM instruction Set: Data Processing Instructions, Branch Instructions, Load
Store Instructions, Software Interrupt Instruction, Program Status Register Instructions, Loading
Constants, ARMv5E Extensions, and Conditional Execution.
UNIT -III
Introduction to the THUMB Instruction set: Thumb register Usage, ARM-Thumb
Interworking, other branch instructions, Data Processing Instructions, Single register Load –store
Instructions, Multiple register Load Store Instructions, Stack Instructions, and Software Interrupt
Instruction.
UNIT -IV
Interrupts & Exception Handling: Exception Handling, Interrupts, Interrupt handling schemes.
UNIT -V
LPC 2148-Design of system using GPIO‟s (LCD interface, 4 x 4 Keypad), Timers, ADC, DAC,
UART.
Text Books
1) “Andrew N.Sloss”, ARM system Developers Guide,Elsevier,2008
2) “William Hohl”, ARM Assembly Language – Fundamentals and Techniques ,CRC
Press,2009
3) “J.R.Gibson”, ARM Assembly language An Introduction,CENGAGE Learning,2010
33
Tutorial Lab Programs:
SL. NO
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Experiments
Part A: Assembly language programs
i) Swap two numbers without using an intermediate register
ii) To find the factorial of a given number
Generate 12 bit Hamming code from a given 8 bit code
i) Move a string from given memory location to another location
ii) Convert word of little endian format to big endian format.
i) Move a block of data from memory location to another location using LOAD
multiple and STORE multiple instructions.
ii) Exchange a block of data between memory locations.
i) Arrange a given set of data in ascending order
ii) Arrange a given set of data in descending order
i)To Add N numbers of data stored consecutively in memory location
ii) Translate the given C code to assembly.
for (i=0;i<8;i++){a[i]=b[7-i];}
i) Implement subroutine nesting using stack
ii) Implement subroutine nesting ( different structure) using stack
i)To implement ARM –THUMB interworking to find the smallest.
ii) To handle swi instruction in the program
Part B: C programs
To familiarize I/O ports of LPC 2148 --- on/off control of Leds using switches
To display a given string using the LCD display interface
Interface key pad and to display the key pressed on LCD
Waveform generation using the internal DAC of LPC 2148.
To convert a given analog voltage to digital using ADC of LPC 2148.
Using timers to generate a specified delay
Using timer/counter/capture module of LPC 2148 to count the number of pulses and
display on LCD.
Use of UART of LPC 2148 for transmitting and receiving data
Course Outcomes:
1. Able to analyze ARM design philosophy, design rules and describe the functions of
ARM embedded hardware and software components.
2. Implement, analyze and debug ARM assembly level programs using Keil software.
3. Implement, analyze and debug ARM / THUMB assembly level programs using Keil
software.
4. Write programs to handle exceptions and interrupts in ARM processor.
5. Develop embedded C programs to interact with Built in Peripherals (GPIO‟s, DAC,
ADC, Timer/Counter, and UART) of ARM7 LPC 2418.
34
Course Outcomes
Program Outcomes
a
b c
Able to analyze ARM design philosophy, design
rules and describe the functions of ARM
embedded hardware and software components.
Implement, analyze and debug ARM assembly
level programs using Keil software
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Implement, analyze and debug ARM / THUMB
assembly level programs using Keil software.
x
x
x
x
x
Write programs to handle exceptions and
interrupts in ARM processor.
x
x
x
x
Develop embedded C programs to interact with
Built in Peripherals (GPIO‟s, DAC, ADC,
Timer/Counter, and UART) of ARM7 LPC x
2418.
x
x
x
x
35
d e
f
g
h i
x
j
k l
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
Sub Code: IT920
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : NIL
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:





Develop an understanding of distinctions between wired and wireless networks, as well
as differences between different types of wireless networks, such as mesh networks, ad
hoc networks, cellular networks, and sensor networks.
Develop an understanding of architecture of WSN and energy consumption and related
design issues.
Develop an understanding of routing protocols, MAC layers for wireless sensor networks
and design issues.
Able to gain knowledge on concepts of time synchronization, data aggregation and
Zigbee and related protocols.
Provide a brief introduction to sensor network platforms and case studies.
Course Contents:
Unit – I
Overview Of Wireless Sensor Networks
Challenges for Wireless Sensor Networks, Enabling Technologies for Wireless Sensor Networks.
Unit - II
Architectures
Single-Node Architecture - Hardware Components, Energy Consumption of Sensor Nodes ,
Operating Systems and Execution Environments, Network Architecture -Sensor Network
Scenarios, Optimization Goals and Figures of Merit, Gateway Concepts.
Unit - III
Networking Sensors
Physical Layer and Transceiver Design Considerations, MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor
Networks, Low Duty Cycle Protocols And Wakeup Concepts - S-MAC , The Mediation Device
Protocol
Unit - IV
Wsn Protocols
IEEE 802.15.4 MAC – Zigbee, Wakeup Radio Concepts, Address and Name Management,
Assignment of MAC Addresses, Routing Protocols- Energy-Efficient Routing, Geographic
Routing, Introduction to Time Synchronization, Localization and Positioning, Sensor Tasking
and Control.
Unit - V
Sensor Network Platforms And Tools
Sensor Node Hardware – Berkeley Motes, Programming Challenges, Node-level software
platforms, Node-level Simulators, State-centric programming, Case studies.
TEXT BOOKS:
1. Holger Karl & Andreas Willig, " Protocols And Architectures for Wireless Sensor
Networks" , John Wiley, 2005.
2. Feng Zhao & Leonidas J. Guibas, “Wireless Sensor Networks- An Information
Processing Approach", Elsevier, 2007.
36
REFERENCES:
1. Kazem Sohraby, Daniel Minoli, & Taieb Znati, “Wireless Sensor NetworksTechnology, Protocols, And Applications”, John Wiley, 2007.
2. Anna Hac, “Wireless Sensor Network Designs”, John Wiley, 2003
Course Outcome:
1. Acquire knowledge on applications of wireless sensor networks.
2. Able to analyze elements of distributed computing and network protocol and will learn to
apply these principles in the context of wireless sensor networks.
3. Get an overview of the various network level protocols for MAC, routing, time
synchronization, aggregation, consensus and distributed tracking.
4. Able to implement protocols like Zigbee and design concepts on data aggregation.
5. Acquire the knowledge on sensor network platforms using TinyOS and wireless motes.
Course Outcomes
Acquire knowledge on
applications of wireless
sensor networks.
Able to analyze elements of
distributed computing and
network protocol and will
learn to
apply these
principles in the context of
wireless sensor networks.
Get an overview of the
various
network
level
protocols for MAC, routing,
time
synchronization,
aggregation, consensus and
distributed tracking
Able
to
implement
protocols like Zigbee and
design concepts on data
aggregation.
Acquire the knowledge on
sensor network platforms
using TinyOS and wireless
motes.
a
b
c
d
Program Outcomes
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
37
DESIGN OF EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
Sub Code: IT921
Contact Hours: 5hours/week
Pre requisite : NIL
Credits: 3:0:1
Course Objectives:




Understand the embedded system design process.
To afford awareness about Hardware and software design architecture for embedded
processors.
Understand the features and trade-offs of different embedded computing platforms and
different low-power computing techniques.
Understand the function and use of real-time operating systems.
Course Contents:
UNIT-I
INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED COMPUTING
Complex systems and microprocessors – Design example: Model train controller –Embedded
system design process – Formalism for system design – Instruction sets Preliminaries – CPU:
Programming input and output – Supervisor Mode, exception and traps – Coprocessor – Memory
system mechanism – CPU Performance – CPU power consumption.
UNIT-II
COMPUTING PLATFORM AND DESIGN ANALYSIS
Development and Debugging – Program design – Model of programs– Assembly and Linking –
Basic compilation techniques – Analysis and optimization of Execution time, power, energy,
program size – Program validation and testing.
UNIT-III
PROCESS AND OPERATING SYSTEMS
Multiple tasks and multi processes – Processes – Context Switching – Operating Systems –
Scheduling policies - Multiprocessor – Inter Process Communication Mechanisms – Evaluating
operating system performance – Power optimization Strategies for processes.
UNIT-IV
OVERVIEW OF EMBEDDED / REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS
Commonalities of Operating System – POSIX – Differences of OS– Embedded Operating
Systems – RTOS – Intro to VXWORKS / MicroC OS2 - RTOS programming – Task creation
deletion – task information details – Timers – synchronization with time
UNIT-V
RTOS PROGRAMMING
Task lock and Unlock – multiple tasks – synchronization with task – Task scheduling – mutex –
semaphores – ISR - message queues - Pipes - Target Image creation – Windows XP – Porting
RTOS on microcontroller based development board
TEXT BOOK:
1) Wayne Wolf, “Computers as Components - Principles of Embedded Computer
System Design”, Morgan Kaufmann Publisher, 2006.
2)) K.V.K.K.Prasad, “Embedded Real-Time Systems: Concepts, Design &
Programming”, dreamtech press, 2005.
3)”Jean J Labrose”,”MicroC/OS – II the Real Time KERNEL “, CMP Books second edition.
38
Lab Programs on
1) Task Creation & Deletion
2) Task Information details
3) Use of Timers & Synchronization with time
4) Task lock & Unlock
5) Task Synchronization
6) Task Scheduling
7) Mutex & Semaphores
8) Interrupt Services
9) Watchdog Timers
10) Message queues & Pipes
11) Porting of RTOS on microcontroller based development board and mini Project
Course Outcomes:
1. Explain the process of designing an embedded system.
2. Partition an embedded system into hardware and software components to meet specific
performance, cost, and power constraints.
3. Explain programming techniques for enhancing execution performance, reducing code
size, and reducing power consumption.
4. Explain the main features of embedded and real-time operating systems.
5. Explain techniques for process scheduling, switching, and communication.
6. Design, analyze and write programs based on RTOS concepts.
Course Outcomes
a
Explain the process of designing an
embedded system
Partition an embedded system into
hardware and software components to
meet specific performance, cost, and
power constraints.
Explain programming techniques for
enhancing execution performance,
reducing code size, and reducing power
consumption.
Explain the main features of embedded
and real-time operating systems
Explain techniques for process
scheduling, switching, and
communication
Design, analyze and write programs
based on RTOS concepts
b
c
d
Program Outcomes
e f g h i
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
j
k
l
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
39
x
x
x
x
DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS
Sub Code: IT922
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : NIL
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:





To understand the architectural enhancements of DSP processors.
To understand the architecture of TMS320C6713, peripherals, control registers.
To understand the assembly language syntax, directives and instruction set of
TMS320C6713.
To understand the CCS integrated development environment, assembly language
programming.
To understand the interfacing to DSP.
Course Contents:
Unit – I
Introduction to programmable DSPs: Comparison of microprocessors and DSP,
architectural enhancements of DPSs to increase throughput.
Unit – II
Architecture of TMS320C6713: Functional block diagram and CPU description,
addressing modes, memory map and peripheral register description, control registers
description.
Unit – III
TMS320C6713 assembly language instructions: Assembly language syntax,
assembler directives, instructions floating and fixed point.
Unit – IV
Programming using C6713, CCS, overview of DSKC67xx Assembly programming.
Unit – V
Interface examples and applications of DSP‟s.
Text books:
1. DSP fundamentals, IEEE press, 1995, Phil lepsley, Jeff Bier, Amit Shoham (Chapter1,2,5,6,7).
2. DSP and applications with TMS320C6713 and TMS320C6416, Rulph Chassaing and
Donald Reay, Wiley IEEE press, 2/e, 2008.
3. TMS320C6000 CPU and instruction set Reference Guide, Literature
Number:SPRU189F, October 2000.
4. TMS320C6000 Assembly language tools users guide-spru 186n, 2004.
Reference:
1. TMS320C6000 DSP peripherals overview, literature number:SPRU190Q.
2. TMS320C67X/C67X+ DSP CPU and instructions reference guide, literature
number:SPRU733A, November 2006.
3. Data sheets of TMS320C6713B floating point DSP, literature number: SPRS294B, 2005.
4. TMS320C6000 programming and applications, Tata McGraw Hill, B. Venkata Ramani,
m. Bhasksr.
40
Course Outcomes:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Student will know the architectural enhancements of a typical commercial DSP.
They will be able to program TMS320C6713 in C language using CCS tool.
They will be able to program TMS320C6713 in assembly language using CCS tool.
They will be able to develop small interface and application of DSP.
Course Outcomes
Student will know the
architectural
enhancements of a typical
commercial DSP.
They will be able to
program TMS320C6713
in C language using CCS
tool.
They will be able to
program TMS320C6713
in assembly language
using CCS tool.
They will be able to
develop small interface
and application of DSP.
a
b
Program Outcomes
e
f
g
h
c
d
i
j
k
l
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
41
DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING
Sub Code: IT923
Contact Hours: 5 hours/week
Pre requisite : Nil
Credits: 3:1:0
Course Objectives:




To cover the basic theory and algorithms that are widely used in digital image processing
To expose students to current technologies and issues that are specific to image processing
systems
To enable students to develop image processing techniques using MATLAB software.
To provide students an exposure to a broad range of image processing techniques and
formats: i.e. exposure to digital image formats, and a working familiarity with digital image
manipulations (filtering, de-noising, restoration, compression, morphological processing,
etc.).
Course Contents:
Unit –I
DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS AND TRANSFORMS:
Digital image fundamentals: representation - elements of visual perception - simple image
formation model - Image sampling and quantization - basic relationships between pixels imaging geometry. Review of matrix theory results: Row and column ordering - Toeplitz,
Circulant and Block matrices. Review of Image transforms: 2D-DFT, FFT, W alsh , Hadamard ,
Haar, DCT
Unit-II
IMAGE ENHANCEMENT TECHNIQUES:
Image enhancement: Spatial domain methods: point processing - intensity transformations,
histogram processing, image subtraction, image averaging; Spatial filtering- smoothing filters,
sharpening filters. Frequency domain methods: low pass filtering, high pass filtering,
homomorphic filtering. Generation of spatial masks from frequency domain specifications.
Unit-III
IMAGE RESTORATION:
A model of the image degradation/restoration process, noise models, restoration in the presence
of noise–only spatial filtering, Weiner filtering, constrained least squares filtering, geometric
transforms, Estimating the degradation function. Fundamentals of Colour image processing:
colour models - RGB, CMY, YIQ, HIS - Pseudo color image processing - intensity slicing, gray
level to color transformation.
Unit-IV
IMAGE COMPRESSION:
Fundamentals, image compression models, error-free compression, lossypredictive coding,
image compression standards- Fundamentals of JPEG, MPEG, Fractals.
Unit-V
IMAGE SEGMENTATION AND REPRESENTATION:
Image segmentation: Detection of discontinuities - point, line and edge and combined detection ;
Edge linking and boundary description - local and global processing using Hough transform
Thresholding - Region oriented segmentation - basic formulation, region growing by pixel
aggregation, region splitting and merging.
Lab Practice using MATLAB will be considered only for internals.
42
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Rafael C Gonzalez, Richard E Woods 2nd Edition, Digital Image Processing - Pearson
Education 2003.
2. Digital Image Processing using Matlab, Rafeal C.Gonzalez, Richard E.Woods, Steven.
REFERENCES
1. A.K. Jain, PHI, New Delhi (1995)-Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing.
2. Image Processing Analysis and Machine Vision – Millman Sonka, Vaclav hlavac, Roger
Boyle, Broos/colic, Thompson Learniy (1999).
3. William K Pratt, Digital Image Procesing John Willey (2001).
Course Outcomes:
1. Able to implement fundamentals and transforms in image processing
2. Able to implement image enhancement technique in frequency and spatial domain
3. Able to analyze and implement restoration and colour models
4. Able to analyze and implement image compression techniques for general image
5. Able to understand and analyze segmentation algorithms for general image
Course Outcomes
Program Outcomes
a
Able
to
implement
fundamentals and
transforms
in
image processing
Able
to
implement image
enhancement
technique
in
frequency
and
spatial domain
Able to analyze
and
implement
restoration
and
colour models
Able to analyze
and
implement
image
compression
techniques
for
general image
Able to understand
and
analyze
segmentation
algorithms
for
general image
b
c
d
e
X
X
X
X
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
43
BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION
Sub Code: IT924
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : Nil
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives
 With widespread use and requirements of medical instruments, this course gives
knowledge of the principle of operation and design of biomedical signals.
 It attempts to render a broad and modern account of biomedical instruments.
 It gives the introductory idea about human physiology system which is very important
with respect to design consideration.
 To understand the mathematical and physical foundations of biomedical engineering and
how these are applied to the design of biomedical instruments.
 To understand the analysis of biological systems and the technological advancement for
health care.
Course Contents:
Unit – I
BIOELECTRIC SIGNALS AND ELECTRODES: Sources of biomedical signals, Basic
instrumentationsystem, General constraints in design of biomedical instrumentation
systems.Origin of bioelectric signals, Types of bioelectric signals, Electrode-Tissue interface,
Polarization, Skin contact impedance, Silver-silver chloride electrodes, Electrodes for ECG,
EEG, EMG, Microelectrodes Patient Safety Electric shock hazards, Leakage currents
Unit - II
ECG , EEG & patient monitoring system : Electrical activity of the heart, Genesis &
characteristics of Electrocardiogram (ECG), Block diagram description of an Electrocardiograph,
ECG lead system, Multi-channel ECG machine Genesis of Electroencephalogram (EEG), Block
diagram description of an EEG, 10-20 electrode systems, and computerized analysis of
EEG.Bedside patient monitoring systems, Central monitors, Measurement of heart rate,
Measurement of pulse rate.
Unit -III
BLOOD PRESSURE & BLOOD FLOW: Direct & Indirect method, Automatic blood pressure
measuring apparatus using Korotkoff‟s method,Rheographic method, Oscillometric method,
Ultrasonic Doppler shift
method, Measurement of Respiration rate, Electromagnetic blood flow meters, Ultrasonic blood
flow meters, NMR blood flow meters, Laser Doppler blood flow meters, Blood cell countersTypes of blood cell, methods of cell counting, coulter counter
Unit -IV
CARDIAC OUTPUT , CARDIAC PACEMAKERS AND DEFIBRILLATORS Indicator
dilution method, Dye dilution method, Thermal dilution techniques, Measurement of
continuouscardiac output derived from the aortic pressure waveform, Impedance technique.
Need for cardiac pacemaker, External pacemaker, Implantable pacemaker, Types of Implantable
pacemakers, Programmable pacemaker, Rate-responsive pacemakers, AC & DC defibrillators.
Unit- V
IMAGING SYSTEMS AND PHYSIOTHERAPY EQUIPMENTS: Ultrasonic imaging
system, basic pulse – echo system, block study of a mode scan equipment, multidement
transducer system, X-ray machine, CT scanner.,High frequency heat therapy, short wave,
microwave diathermy, ultrasonic therapy unit, electrodiagnostic therapeutic aperaturs, pain relief
through electrical simulation
44
TEXT BOOK:
1. Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation-R. S. Khandpur, 2nd Edition, 2003, Tata
McGraw-Hill.
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Principles of applied biomedical instrumentation- Lesely Cromwell & others. 2nd Edition,
John Wiley and sons.
2. Encyclopedia of medical devices and instrumentation-J. GWebster, John Wiley, 1999.
Course Outcomes
1. Impart the concept of bio-potential and electrodes and placement of EEG and ECG
electrodes
2. Imparts the awareness engineering principles of physiological bioelectric parameters and
its properties.
3. Demonstrate and analyze the principle of Blood pressure and flow
4. Analyze and apply the principle of assist devices
5. Describe the basic imaging and therapeutic equipments.
Program Outcomes
a b c d e
Impart the concept of bio-potential and x x
x
electrodes and placement of EEG and
ECG electrodes
Course Outcomes
f
g
h
i
x
j
k
l
x
Imparts the awareness engineering x
principles of physiological bioelectric
parameters and its properties
Demonstrate and analyze the principle x
of Blood pressure and flow
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Analyze and apply the principle of x
assist devices
x
x
x
x
x
Describe the basic imaging
therapeutic equipments.
x
x
x
x
x
and x
45
VLSI DESIGN
Sub Code: IT925
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Prerequisite: NIL
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives
 To impart basic concepts and ideas of various circuits using MOS and CMOS logic.
 To explain fabrication process.
 Develop design equation for MOS transistor and understand its characteristics
 Acquire knowledge about combinational, sequential and dynamic logic circuit using
CMOS
 Develop an interest in study of memory
 Discuss about the importance of testing in VLSI circuits
Course Contents:
Unit-I
Introduction: Introduction, VLSI Design flow, VLSI Design styles. NMOS fabrication. Basic
CMOS technology: The P _well process, the n _well process. Process flow: Basic steps-CMOS
n well process, twin _well process, Layout design rules, Packaging techniques.
MOS transistor: Metal oxide semiconductor structure, MOS system under external bias,
Structure and operation of MOSFET.
Unit-II
MOS transistor: Threshold voltage, Body effect. MOSFET current voltage characteristics,
Scaling, MOSFET capacitances. MOS Inverters: Static characteristics, Noise immunity, Noise
margin, Resistive load inverter,N type load,CMOS inverter, BiCMOS inverters, Latch up in
CMOS circuits.
Unit-III
Dynamic switching characteristics: Sheet resistance, standard unit capacitance, delay unit,
inverter delays Delay time, rise time and fall time, switching power dissipation.
Determination of pull up to pull down ratio for an NMOS inverter driven by another NMOS
inverter. Determination of pull up to pull down ratio of an NMOS inverter driven through one or
more pass transistor. CMOS inverter design: Switching characteristics, estimation of CMOS
inverter delay, Driving large capacitive loads, super buffers, propagation delay.
Unit-IV
Combinational MOS logic circuits: NMOS depletion load circuits, Complex CMOS
circuits,Pass transistor, Transmission gate. MOS circuit design process: Need for design
rules,stick diagram(NMOS and CMOS ) ,mask layout (CMOS). Sequential circuits: The
Bistability principle, SR latch, CMOS D latch, edge triggered flip flop. Dynamic logic circuits:
Basic principle of PT circuits, Dynamic CMOS circuit techniques: CMOS TG logic, Dynamic
CMOS logic , Domino CMOS logic.
Unit-V
Semiconductor memories: Introduction, Dynamic Random access memory (DRAM), Static
Random access memory (SRAM), Read only memories, Non volatile read write memories.
Design for testability: Fault type and models, Controllability, Observability, Ad hoc testing, Scan
based techniques, BIST,IDDQ
TEXT BOOK:
1. „‟CMOS digital integrated circuits-Analysis and design‟‟ Sung-Mo Kang, Yusuf
Leblebici Tata Mc Gram Hill 3rd edition 2003.
46
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1.
2.
Principles of CMOS VLSI Design- Weste and Eshranhian ,Pearson Education,1999
Essential of VLSI circuits and system-Kamran Eshraghian, Dougles and A. Pucknell,
PHI,2005 edition.
Course Outcomes:
1. Analyze the CMOS layout levels, how the design layers are used in the process sequence
2. Describe the general steps required for processing of CMOS integrated circuits
3. Be able to design static CMOS combinational and sequential logic at the transistor level.
4. Design using different logic styles such as complementary CMOS logic, pass-transistor
logic, dynamic logic, etc
5. Interpret the need for testability and different testing methods in VLSI
Course Outcomes
a
b
c
d
Program Outcomes
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
Analyze the CMOS layout x
levels, how the design layers
are used in the process
sequence
Describe the general steps x
required for processing of
CMOS integrated circuits
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Be able to design static x
CMOS combinational and
sequential logic at the
transistor level
Design using different logic x
styles
such
as
complementary
CMOS
logic, pass-transistor logic,
dynamic logic, etc
Interpret
the need for x
testability and different
testing methods in VLSI
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
47
STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL
Sub Code: IT927
Contact Hours: 4 hours/week
Pre requisite : Nil
Credits: 4:0:0
Course Objectives





To make the students understand the purpose and uses of SPC
To use the most common types of control charts and carry out process capability studies
To impart knowledge about various SPC tools, data Collection and construct basic
control charts
To make the students understand the concept of control charts for variables and attributes
and how to Interpret control chart results
To impart knowledge of other statistical process monitoring and control techniques
Course Contents:
Unit I
Quality Improvement In The Modern Business Environment
The Meaning of Quality and Quality Improvement, Dimensions of Quality, Quality Engineering
Terminology, A Brief History of Quality Control and Improvement, Statistical Methods for
Quality Control and Improvement, univariate process monitoring and control
Unit II
Methods And Philosophy Of Statistical Process Control
Introduction ,Chance and Assignable Causes of Quality Variation, Statistical Basis of the
Control Chart Basic Principles ,Choice of Control Limits ,Sample Size and Sampling Frequency
,Rational Subgroups Analysis of Patterns on Control Charts ,Discussion of Sensitizing Rules for
Control Charts , Control Chart Application ,The Rest of the Magnificent Seven ,Implementing
SPC in a Quality Improvement Program ,An Application of SPC ,Applications of Statistical
Process Control and Quality Improvement Tools in Transactional and Service Businesses
Unit III
Control Charts For Variables
Control Charts for  and R ,Statistical Basis of the Charts ,Development and Use of  and R
Charts , Charts Based on Standard Values ,Interpretation of  and R Charts ,The Effect of
Nonnormality on  and R Charts ,The Operating-Characteristic Function , The Average Run
Length for the  Chart ,Control Charts for –x and s , Construction and Operation of  and s
Charts , The  and s Control Charts with Variable Sample Size, Summary of Procedures for 
and R, and s Charts, Applications of Variables Control Charts
Unit IV
Control Charts For Attributes
The Control Chart for Fraction Nonconforming, Development and Operation of the Control
Chart Variable Sample Size, Applications in Transactional and Service Businesses, The
Operating-Characteristic Function and Average Run Length Calculations, Control Charts for
Nonconformities (Defects)
Unit V
Other Statistical Process Monitoring And Control Technique
The Cumulative Sum Control Chart, Basic Principles: The CUSUM Control Chart for
Monitoring the Process Mean, The Tabular or Algorithmic Cusum for Monitoring the Process
Mean , Recommendations for Cusum Design, Exponential weighted moving average [EWMA],
EWMA for Monitoring the Process Mean, design of EWMA, combining EPC[Engineering
process control] and SPC, MINITAB software.
48
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Introduction to Statistical Process Control by Douglas Montgomery (7th Edition), Wiley
publications
2. Statistical process control, (sixth edition) by John s. Oakland,
3. Statistical process control , by Leslie M. Licinski
4. Introduction to Statistical Process Control by Peihua Qiu, CRC Press
Course Outcomes:
1. Acquire knowledge of quality, standards and statistical process control technique
2. Analyze and develop SPC Tools for any manufacturing process
3. Implement the control charts for industry applications.
4. Able to develop control charts for attributes
5. To acquire knowledge of other statistical process monitoring and control techniques
Course Outcomes
Program Outcomes
d
e
x
x
x
x
x
Able to develop control charts for
x
attributes
To acquire knowledge of other statistical x
process monitoring and control
techniques
Acquire knowledge of quality, standards
and statistical process control technique
Analyze and develop SPC Tools for any
manufacturing process
Implement the control charts for
industry applications
a
b
x
j
k
l
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
49
c
f
g
h
i
REAL TIME SYSTEMS
Subject Code: IT929
Contact Hours: 4Hours/Week
Pre-requisite: NIL
Credit: 4:0:0
Course Objectives:




The primary goal of this course is to meet the student the basics of real-time systems like
task, process scheduling.
To introduce the concepts on different Real time operating systems
To give the student knowledge to analyse the real time data with database.
To analyse the real time communication based different algorithms, protocols and
characteristics.
Course Contents:
Unit I
Introduction: What is real time, applications of real time systems, a basic model of real time
system, and characteristics of real time systems, safety & reliability, types of real time tasks and
their constraints, modelling timing constraints.
Real time task scheduling: Some important concepts, types of real time tasks and their
characteristics, task scheduling, clock driven scheduling, hybrid schedulers, event driven
scheduling, earliest deadline first(EDF) scheduling, rate monotonic algorithm(RMA). Some
issues associated with RMA. Issues in using RMA practical solutions.
Unit II
Handling resource sharing and dependencies among real time tasks: Resource sharing
among real time tasks, priority invasion, priority inheritance protocol(PIP), highest locker
protocol(HLP). Priority ceiling protocol(PCP). Different types of priority inversions under PCP.
Important features of PCP. Some issues in using a resource sharing protocol. Handling task
dependencies. Scheduling real time tasks in multiprocessor and distributed systems:
Multiprocessor task allocation, dynamic allocation of tasks. Fault tolerant scheduling of tasks.
Clock in distributed real time systems, centralized clock synchronization.
Unit III
Commercial real time operating systems: Time services, features of a real time operating
system, Unix as a real time operating system, Unix based real time operating system, POSIX, a
survey of contemporary real time operating systems, benchmarking real time systems.
Unit IV
Real time databases: Example applications of real time databases. Review of basic database
concepts, real time databases, characteristics of temporal data. Concurrency control in real time
databases. Commercial real time databases.
Unit V
Real time Communication: Examples of applications requiring real time communication, basic
concepts, real time communication in a LAN. Soft real time communication in a LAN. Hard real
time communication in a LAN. Bounded access protocols for LANs. Performance comparison,
real time communication over packet switched networks. Qos framework, routing, resource
reservation, rate control, Qos models.
50
Reference Books:
1. Rajib Mall, “Real time systems: Theory and Practice”, Pearson, 2008.
2. Jane W Liu, “ Real time systems”, Pearson Education, 2001.
3. Krishna and Shin, “Real time systems”, TataMcGraw Hill, 1999.
4. http://nptel.ac.in/syllabus_pdf/106105036.pdf
Course Outcomes:
1. Able to familiarize on concepts of real time systems, perform scheduling, multitasking in
practical situations.
2. Able to analyze the handling resources in real time environment.
3. Able to familiarize and differentiate on commercial real time operating systems.
4. Able to analyze real time data with database concepts.
5. Able to perform communication by employing real time protocols.
Course Outcomes
6. Able to familiarize on
concepts of real time
systems,
perform
scheduling, multitasking in
practical situations.
7. Able to analyze the
handling resources in real
time environment.
8. Able to familiarize and
differentiate on commercial
real
time
operating
systems.
Able to analyze real time
data
with
database
concepts.
Able
to
perform
communication
by
employing
real
time
protocols
a
b
c
d
Program Outcomes
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
51
BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTANTION
Sub Code: IT7OE01
Credits: 3:0:0
Contact Hours: 3 hours/week
Pre requisite : Nil
Course Objectives:
 With widespread use and requirements of medical instruments, this course gives
knowledge of the principle of operation and design of biomedical instruments.
 It attempts to render a broad and modern account of biomedical instruments.
 It gives the introductory idea about human physiology system which is very important
with respect to design consideration.
 To understand the mathematical and physical foundations of biomedical engineering and
how these are applied to the design of biomedical instruments.
 To understand the analysis of biological systems and the technological advancement for
health care.
Course Contents:
Unit-I
Electrophysiological And Biopotential Recording
The origin of biopotentials; biopotential electrodes; instrumentation and isolation amplifiers;
ECG, EEG, EMG, PCG, EOG- lead systems and recording methods, typical waveforms and
signal characteristics.
Unit-II
Bio-Chemical And Non Electric Parameter Measurements
pH, pO2, pHCO3, electrophoresis, colorimeter, photometer, auto analyzer, blood flow meter,
cardiac output, respiratory measurement, blood pressure, temperature, pulse, blood cell counters,
differential count.
Unit-III
Assist Devices
Cardiac pacemakers, DC Debrillators, dialyser, heart-Lung machine, hearing aids.
Unit-IV
Physical Medicine And Bio-Telemetry
Diathermies- Short-wave, ultrasonic and microwave type and their applications, medical
simulator, Telemetry principles, frequency selection, bio-telemetry, radio-pill and telesimulation, electric safely.
Unit-V
Recent Trends In Medical Instrumentation
Thermograph, endoscopy unit, laser in medicine, surgical diathermy, cryogenic application,
introduction to telemedicine.
TEXTBOOKS:
1. Khandpur,R.S.”Handbook of biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New
Delhi, Second edition, 2003.
2. Lesile Cromwell, “Biomedical instrumentation and measurement”, Prentice Hall of India,
New Delhi, 2007.
52
REFERENCES:
1. Joseph.J, Carr and John M.Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical equipment technology”,
Pearson Education Inc. 2004.
2. John G.Webster,”Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, John wiley and
sons,(Asia) Pvt.Ltd., 2004.
Course Outcomes:
1. Impart the concept of bio-potential and electrodes and placement of EEG and ECG
electrodes
2. Imparts the awareness engineering principles of bioelectric and non electrical
parameters.
3. Demonstrate and analyze the principle of assist devices
4. Analyze and apply the principle of physical medicine and biotelemetry
5. Describe the basic imaging and therapeutic equipments.
Program Outcomes
Course Outcomes
a
Impart the concept of bio-potential and
electrodes and placement of EEG and
ECG electrodes
Imparts the awareness engineering
principles of bioelectric and non
electrical parameters.
Demonstrate and analyze the principle
of assist devices
Analyze and apply the principle of
physical medicine and biotelemetry
Describe the basic imaging and
therapeutic equipments.
b
c
d
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Open Electives Offered to other departments
1. IT7OE01 Bio-medical Instrumentation
53
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