Name _______________________________________________ period _________________ Earthquake/Volcano Study Guide

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Name _______________________________________________ period _________________
Earthquake/Volcano Study Guide
For each of the diagrams describe the type of stress affecting them, the type of fault associated with
them, and the type of plate boundary associated with them.
Stress _______________
Fault ________________
Boundary _____________
Stress _______________
Fault ________________
Boundary _____________
Stress ________________
Fault _________________
Boundary ______________
Stress ______________
Fault _______________
Boundary ____________
Stress _______________
Fault _______________
Boundary ___________
Name _______________________________________________ period _________________
Stress ______________
Fault _______________
Boundary ___________
What is an Earthquakes epicenter?
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What are the 2 types of Earthquake waves needed to calculate the distance to an Earthquake’s
epicenter?
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What are the differences between those 2 waves? __________________________________________
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Describe why 3 Earthquake monitoring stations are needed to find the epicenter of an Earthquake?
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Name _______________________________________________ period _________________
What Earthquake scale is the best, and why is it the best? _Moment Magnitude
Why? _______________________________________________________________________________
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Where are most earthquakes located? _________________________________
Why do they happen there? _____________________________________________________________
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Label the diagram:
8) __________________
9) __________________
10) _________________
11) _________________
12) _________________
Why does magma rise through the crust? _________________________________________________
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Name _______________________________________________ period _________________
How do Volcanoes form along convergent boundaries? ______________________________________
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Why do geologists monitor earthquake activity near volcanoes? _______________________________
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Describe how volcanoes form at a hot spot under oceanic crust: ________________________________
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Describe a Shield volcano, how it forms, and the type of magma it normally has: ________________
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Describe a Cinder Cone volcano, how it forms, and the types of magma it normally has: ____________
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Name _______________________________________________ period _________________
Describe a Composite volcano, how it forms, and the types of magma it normally has: ____________
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