Something Wicked This Way Comes Insights and Such What’s with the title? Analyze Bradbury’s purpose in changing traditional syntax in order to present the novel’s title as Something Wicked This Way Comes rather than Something Wicked Comes This Way. While there may be more than one reason Bradbury uses this name for the novel, the primary reason is that it is an allusion to Shakespeare’s Macbeth. 1. Where is the boy in this scene? 2. What time of day is it in this scene? 3. What is happening in this scene? 4. What emotion does the boy seem to be exhibiting? Why? 5. Make predictions about what will happen based on this picture. 6. The picture is a publisher’s view of a scene in the novel. What theme can you connect with this? Entry/Exit Ticket, per. 8 • On your index card, please list: • 3 things you remember from Friday (or hope to remember for tomorrow!) • 2 things you expect from the novel • 1 thing that surprised you Look at the Prologue, p. 1 Read the line: “But one strange wild dark long year, Halloween came early.” (Bradbury, 1) 1. According to the conventions of English, how many commas are missing from the sentence? 2. Why does Bradbury leave commas out? 3. Why does Bradbury make that line an entire paragraph? What is a “lightning rod”? 1. a rodlike conductor installed to divert lightning away from a structure by providing a direct path to the ground. What would it mean for a person to be a figurative lightning rod? lightning rod Figurative Lightning Rod 2. a person or thing that attracts and absorbs powerful and esp. negative or hostile feelings, opinions, etc., thereby diverting such feelings from other targets: The unpopular supervisor served as a lightning rod for the criticism that should have been aimed at management. Which boy is the figurative lightning rod? Why? Which boy attracts lightning naturally? Why? Brainstorm what you know about lightning • Mark Twain said: – “The difference between the right word and the almost right word is the difference between lightning and lightning bug.” –“Thunder is good, thunder is impressive; but it is lightning that does the work.” Brainstorm ideas about the two boys: Will Halloway: Jim Nightshade: William Halloway • William means “protector.” • Halloway– “hallowed” = “regarded as holy; venerated; sacred”; this person will take and protect the “hallowed” or holy way. – Might it also mean that what he cares about becomes hallowed because he cares about it? – Phrased differently, is the “way” hallowed anyway, or does it become hallowed because he takes it? Jim Nightshade • James means supplanter (one who takes the place of). • Nightshade: literally "shade of night," perhaps an allusion to poisonous berries (e.g. deadly nightshade, enchanter’s nightshade) Consider Tom Fury 1. Is he a force for good or a force for evil? Why? 2. Is his “hat” different from who he is at heart? Why or why not? Something Wicked This Way Comes Turn to page 15, in the middle of the page where Mr. Halloway asks Will if he wants a white-hat or a black-hat book. Read from there to the end of the chapter. 1. What does each hat represent? White Black 2. When Jim asks Mr. Halloway which hat he’d chosen, what does he mean? 3. Mr. Halloway replies, “Since you need to ask, Jim, you make me wonder.” What does that mean? Find another way to say it. 4. What impact will that decision– which ‘hat’ to wear– have on the conflict? 5. Is everyone just one thing, good or evil? Explain. Keep an open mind about the novel. 6. What is the difference between being a certain kind of person and putting on a certain kind of ‘hat’? (Think verb types!) Literary Elements Make sure you know these elements and look for them as you read. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. allusion characterization metaphor symbolism theme motif typecasting personification conflict Cigar Store Indian Chapter 4 Warm up 1. Open to page 22– read the part about the barber pole. Watch the video clip of the moving barber pole. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EkmdGcPnRXQ 2. Answer: WHY doesn’t Will want Mr. Crosetti to turn off the barber pole. What might it symbolize? What themes do you find in Chap. 5? Theme the first in the chapter: ORDER vs. CHAOS List the chaos in Chapter 5: The theme that EMERGES from chaos is… TEMPTATION ! Which themes do you see emerging? Where? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Death of innocence Temptation Good vs. Evil Identity Order vs. Chaos Opposing forces in the world Loyalty-- to people/ principles Power of love Characterization • Make a T-chart with Will on the left and Jim on the right. • Beneath each name, explore what you think each boy fears. Be sure to support your opinion with evidence from the text! _________________________________________ • Will’s fears are easier to explore than Jim’s, and yet Will is “the protector” if we are to believe that Bradbury gave him that name for a reason. Will’s fears Jim’s fears Will’s fears 1. storm (p. 21) 2. adults acting weird (21) 3. the unpredictable (22) 4. unexpected reality (28) 5. carnival/chaos (31, 38) 6. losing Jim (28) 7. danger for family (34) 8. hurting his parents (34) 9. unpleasant reality (36) 10. being alone (47) Jim’s fears 1. adults acting weird (21) 2. missing something (39) 3. being hurt emotionally (40) 4. boredom/sameness (41) 5. losing Will ( ) Will’s fears cont. 11. having Jim be alone (47) 12. the mirror maze (62) Jim’s fears Will’s fears 2014 1. being left behind 2. unpredictability 3. bad stuff happening 4. the ‘big world’ 5. the unknown 6. people getting hurt 7. losing Jim 8. chaos/lack of order 9. danger 10.disappointing people Jim’s fears 1. boredom/ sameness 2. getting hurt emotionally 3. missing something 4. Will’s not being there to protect him (periodically) 5. not knowing More of Will’s fears 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. being alone 21. losing innocence taking risks 22. the unnatural secrecy 23. being unable to lightning/storm protect those he loves doing something bad the future getting in trouble the carnival facing certain unpleasant realities evil Last characterization question: • Who will be better equipped to battle the evil of the carnival, Will or Jim? WHY??? Character Brainstorming: 6.0H 1. Tom Fury: the lightning rod salesman! 2. Will Halloway: blond, scared, 1 day older than Jim, naïve 3. Jim Nightshade: dark hair, GREEN eyes!, leaning forward (wants to be older) 4. Charles Halloway: 54 years old, looks like Will “in a smashed mirror” (Bradbury, 15); thinks he’s a poor father because he’s too old; works in library (really smart!) 5. Mr. Tetley: Cigar store owner; hears something 6. Mr. Crosetti: Barber; smells carnival food Character Brainstorming: 6.0H 7. Mrs. Halloway: much younger than husband. 8. Mrs. Nightshade: wants grandchildren to spoil; had a LOT of loss in her life and Jim is all she has left. 9. Mr. Cooger: Huge, red hair, 40-ish, takes orders from Mr. Dark 10.Mr. Dark: Tall, black hair, yellow eyes, never looks at Will! 11.Miss Foley: Unmarried in her fifties, has a “nephew” Character Brainstorming: 6.0 H 12. Robert: 12-year-old Mr. Cooger; Miss Foley’s “nephew” Misc. Charles Halloway • “Charles” means “free man” according to some texts. What is he free from? Is it ironic? • “Calliope”– Officially, this is a character from Greek mythology dedicated to music. She was said to be the ‘muse’ of Homer in writing the epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey. It is also the name of an organ that was used in carnivals, particularly on the carousel. We have come to associate it with the carousel and even the carousel’s horses. What is the difference between: Tattoo: Illustration: What is the difference between: Tattoo: Illustration: Note: The purpose of an illustration—it illustrates a particular story (let’s stay in the realm of fiction.) A tattoo may or may not have a story behind it; an illustration must. Don’t forget: • “The natural order of things”– when it’s reversed or interfered with, we must notice it! • Supernatural = unnatural! Find several examples in Chaps. 9-20 of: • the “natural order of things” being compromised or going awry in some way. Make sure you put “ “ around your text and cite the page number. • some part of the carnival resembling a ‘storm’ What do you make of… • Mr. Dark’s reactions to Jim and Will, respectively? • Jim’s reaction to things having to do with the carnival? • Jim’s reaction to the nephew? Characterization: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Will -Jim-Mr. Halloway-Miss Foley-Tom Fury-Mr. Dark-Mr. Cooger-Robert-Mr. Crosetti-- Identify the following characters: 1. This character’s voice is described as “the sound truth makes being said.” 2. His hair is “wild, thick, and the glossy color of waxed chestnuts” and “eyes…mint rock-crystal green.” 3. This character longs for grandchildren to spoil. 4. This character says, “I don’t believe signs.” 5. This character calls out, “Help! Police!” 6. This character is self-described as “an old fish.” Identify the following characters: 7. This character only likes to listen in to conversations that mention good things. 8. This character has yellow eyes. 9. This character “talked less and smiled less as the years increased.” 10.This character is probably the “black otter” referred to on p. 99. Part I. Chronological Order Activity 1. Tom Fury gives Jim a lightning rod 2. The boys meet Mr. H. in library. 3. Boys run into Mr. Crosetti. 4. Boys come across a flyer. 5. Mr. H has a late night conversation w/ his wife. 6. Tom Fury enters storefront. 7. Carnival train arrives. 8. Miss Foley gets lost in Mirror Maze. 9. Mr. Cooger tries to kick Jim off carousel. 10. Mr. Dark shows Jim something Will can’t see. 11. Mr. Cooger becomes “Robert.” 12. Boys visit Miss Foley and meet “Robert.” 13. Jim goes to Miss Foley’s house without Will. 14. Robert sets up burglary and call, “Police!” 15. “Robert” gets on carousel and becomes “Mr. Electrico. 16. Will & Jim go to Freak Tent w/ police. 17. Will recognizes the Dwarf as the lightning rod salesman. 18. Mr. Dark offers both boys free tickets. 19. The boys lie to Mr. Dark & police about their names. 20. The police get ready to take the boys home. Please note: • examples of Will’s characterization in terms of how he reacts to the carnival instinctively AND • examples of Will simply knowing things about the carnival. • Jim as ‘supplanter’ • How do you account for those seemingly contradictory things about Will? Consider the following as possible symbols: • Moths– chapter 10 • Clocks— Lots of places • Kites– pp. 14, 16, 48, pp. 14, 16, 48 KITES pp. 25, 51 PUPPETS pp. 14, 16, 48 KITES - birds - wind - still function w/out string for a while -toys - controlled - strings pp. 25, 51 PUPPETS - directly controlled - represent people/char. - different kinds - can’t function w/out puppet master Period 8 1. On the notebook paper I give you, make a list of characters, in the order of their appearance in the novel. Give a quotation from the novel if possible to describe or characterize each one. *Use “quotation marks” and give a (page #). If you can’t find a quote, just give a brief description. Shoot for 8-10 characters. 2. When your character list is complete, put in ORDER the list of 15 important Part I. events! Put the following Part I. events in chronological order! 1. The carnival train arrives. 2. Mr. Halloway has a late night conversation with his wife. 3. The boys meet Mr. Halloway in the library. 4. Mr. Cooger tries to kick the boys off the carousel. 5. Miss Foley gets “lost” in the Mirror Maze. 6. Mr. Cooger becomes “Robert.” 7. Mr. Dark offers the boys free tickets. 8. The boys visit Miss Foley and meet “Robert.” Form your groups and take out notes only (do NOT open book!) • Take the pile of Chapter 24 events (there are 25 altogether) and bring order from their chaos! Put them in chronological order using ONLY your brain, your notes, and each other. You have 10 minutes! • (Note: Period 1 must use their text!) 1. Note: When something unexpected/unnatural happens, who makes the most of it, turning it to his advantage? Explain this phenomenon as it occurs in Chapter 24. 2. How evident is the theme of temptation in Part I Arrivals? Use your dialectical journal to gather textual evidence, page #s, and the analytic thinking that connects the text to the theme. Epigraph~Part I Thematic Connection • Analyze the first part of Bradbury’s epigraph taken from the William Butler Yeats poem “Nineteen Hundred and Nineteen.” What theme is the best ‘fit’ for the Yeats quote? How does the quotation support that theme? • How does this epigraph thematically represent Part I. Arrivals (pp. 5-117)? Use evidence from the text, classroom notes, and classroom discussions to support your thinking. Themes in Something Wicked This Way Comes 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Death of innocence: Temptation: Good vs. Evil: Age vs. Youth: Order vs. Chaos:. The world is composed of opposing forces: Within and without; diametrically opposed forces coinciding and colliding 7. Loyalty to people, loyalty to principles: Consider the qualities of friendship 8. Power of love: Section Titles 1. Why ‘Arrivals’ for Part I? 2. What will happen in ‘Pursuits’– who will be pursuing what? **Consider the difference between Charles Halloway and Miss Foley in terms of what each pursues. (Note: They may both be in their fifties, but only one of them is “lost” there.)** Identify the speakers of some of my favorite quotations! 1. “Now, look, since when did you think being good meant being happy?” 2. “For being good is a fearful occupation; men strain at it and sometimes break in two.” 3. “Anything I could say or do to make you happy, I would.” 4. “Death makes everything else sad. But death itself only scares. If there wasn’t death, all the other things wouldn’t get tainted.” Theme connection pages for adapted version: 1. Death of innocence: pp. 16, 17 2. Temptation: 23, 37, 52, 54, 69, 104, 105 3. Good vs. Evil: 12, 40, 47, 53, 56, 73, 78, 93, 94, 96, 103, 112, 124, 125 4. Age vs. Youth: 12, 13, 35, 104, 105 5. Order vs. Chaos 7, 21, 27, 37, 43, 49, 57 6. The world is composed of opposing forces: 13, 65, 95, 124 7. Qualities of friendship; loyalty: 13, 50, 51, 69, 70, 85 8. Power of Love; Counter evil with joy: 13, 50, 51, 110, 114, 115, 117 Dialectical Journal Reminders • Your quotations must come from all 3 sections of the novel. My samples will come from the Prologue, which is off limits for you. • Use coherent notes. When assessed, use complete sentences! • Go beyond what the quotation means. You need to start with its meaning and then go into previous text, specific diction and syntax, and logical inference. 1. Include the context of quotation when relevant (it usually is). 2. Find a connection to author’s purpose; without that, there is no theme. Poor dialectical journal example: “Nothing much else This quotation supports happened, all the rest of the theme Order vs. that night” (154). Chaos because it says that nothing else happened, so that means there was no chaos. “At that time, James Nightshade… was thirteen years, eleven months, twentythree days old. Next door, William Halloway was thirteen years, eleven months and twenty-four days old. Both boys touched toward fourteen; it almost trembled in their hands” (Bradbury, 2). Identity-- Age vs. Youth Bradbury sets up the universal theme of the young longing to be older. The common young boy activities, like playing pranks on neighbors and dressing up for Halloween, are behind them. Bradbury painstakingly writes out each year, month, and day of the boys’ ages, indicating that this thing that comes next for them is the thing they’ve been waiting for. The age itself is almost alive to them, trembling with its own excitement. Their anticipation suggests that their identity as children no longer fully satisfies. What is up ahead is a new way to define themselves. “And that was the October week when they grew up overnight, and were never so young anymore. . .” (2). Death of Innocence Bradbury creates an expectation in his readers that the boys he is introducing will in some way lose their childlike innocence. They may still be reaching out for age fourteen, but here Bradbury hints that something sudden and traumatic will cause the boys to grow up unnaturally fast. The fact that they “were never so young anymore” suggests a good quality in being young, a quality they must relinquish when faced with a difficult reality. The ellipsis at the end invites the reader to add something from his or her own experience– perhaps that growing up inevitably results in something lost– an innocence impossible to regain regardless of the benefits that may come with maturity. When Charles Halloway says… …that he wants Will to tell him he’ll live forever (137), does he mean that he literally wants to live forever? Wouldn’t that make him as bad as the people in the carnival? We know he isn’t like that. In what way, then, would Charles Halloway want to “live forever” that would not compromise his principles? Is it just something to say because he’s scared of death? Find text to support your thinking. Re-write and complete each statement in light of the reading due today. 1. Chapter _______ is more important than chapter ______ because… 2. The most important sentence in the reading is, “______________________________________ ______________________________________.“ (page #) because… 3. The most important word in the reading is “___________” (page #) because… Describe Will’s encounter with the Dust Witch in chapter 30 using the following terms: CIRCLE each term ONCE in your paragraph as you use it: 1. abandoned house 2. alone 3. arrow 4. balloon’s basket 5. bow 6. Dust Witch 7. rip 8. sense 9. smile 10. Will Socratic Seminar Preparation Go through your text and notes to find 5-7 items to share from any part of the novel through today’s reading: • Connections to theme, any “signpost” (why is it there?), or the motif of storm • Questions about plot, character, symbol, or anything you might not have understood Period 1: 1. Write down 2 or 3 things you noticed (and noted) from yesterday’s Socratic seminar— that you may not have noticed otherwise! 2. Make sure your study guide questions are updated! Old-fashioned Cash Register Socratic Seminar • Write down: – 3 things noted from the seminar – 2 surprises/questions from the seminar – 1 prediction about Part III. Miss Foley • What is her purpose in the novel? –Consider her relationships. –Consider the “Fall of Man” and the “autumn people.” –Consider who first succumbed to temptation in the novel and how that person could connect both to Miss Foley and the “Fall of Man.” Why does Mr. Halloway… • • • • give Mr. Dark his real name? tell Mr. Dark where he works? invite him to drop by? tell the boys to meet him there? • ??????????????????????????????????????? 1. The boys are often described as kites. Is that image linked more to the natural order of things or to something outside of the natural order of things? Prove it. 2. Compare and contrast the symbols of Mr. Crosetti’s barber’s pole and Cooger and Dark’s carousel. 3. Which type of conflict is (or seems) most prevalent in the story so far? Prove it– find 5 quotations to support your position. Respond in your R/W Notebook 1. Is it possible for one person to make up for the deficiencies in another person? Why or why not? 2. Is that what Will has tried to do for Jim throughout the novel? How do you know? Turn to a random page in the reading. 1. Find as many examples as you can of the bizarre images Bradbury creates using figurative language. List at least 3 examples of his bizarre imagery. 2. INCLUDE THE PAGE NUMBER! 3. Identify the figures of speech used. 4. Examine the images closely. Do they contribute more to theme, characterization, or mood? HOW? Myths about dragonflies http://insects.about.com/od/insectfolklore/a/5-Myths-About-Dragonflies.htm Dragonflies can sew your mouth (or ears, or eyes) shut. Um, no, although it is kind of fun to tell little kids they can. People perpetuating this myth refer to dragonflies as "Devil's darning needles," and usually offer it as a caveat to children who are misbehaving. Myths about dragonflies Dragonflies are evil. For centuries, people have eyed dragonflies with suspicion and imbued them with evil intent. Swedish folk legends accused dragonflies of poking out people's eyes and referred to them as "blind stingers" for this reason. From Germany to England, people associate dragonflies with the devil, giving them nicknames like "water witch," "hobgoblin fly," "devil's horse," and even "snake killer." Cooger and dark’s Pandemonium Shadow Show Influence Continuum Place Will, Jim, and Mr. Halloway on the line below: Suggestible Cite evidence to support your response. Controlled Look up and write each quotation in your themes packet under the correct theme, and explain how it connects to that theme. 1. “Oh gosh, thought Will, we thought it would all be simple...Mr. Cooger, dying, so we bring doctors to save him, so he forgives us, maybe…but now this! It’s too late!” (111) Death of Innocence 2. “’I’d have sworn,’ said one interne. ‘When we got there…that old man was dead.’” (124) Order vs. Chaos 3. “’You still don’t see we can’t do business with those ulmers and goffs.’” (126) Death of Innocence Write the quotes under the correct theme and explain the connection. 4. “’I’d never ditch you, Will—’ ‘Ditch me in a minute.’” (127) 5. “‘Everything in its time…everything one by one, not two by two.’” (128) 6. “’Having permission would spoil everything, I suppose?’” (130) 7. “’You know what I hate most of all, Will? Not being able to run anymore, like you.’” (131) Describe “The Bullet Trick” as it happened in chapter 47 using the following terms: • • • • • • • • • • Mr. Dark Mr. Halloway The Dust Witch Will left hand smile bullet wax symbol etch Common Cause and the Carnival • Find textual evidence of common cause as Mr. Halloway defeats the Dust Witch in chapters 47 and 48. • Pay particular attention to evidence on pp. 245246. Look through Part III. Departures. 1. Find any interesting patterns that Bradbury has continued from Parts I and II of the novel (these are again and again-type things). 2. For each pattern or repeated reference, see if you can think of a specific purpose for it. For example, continued references to clocks may indicate the order we can find in that which happens in the appropriate time. Charles Halloway makes a literary clock of information about the carnival, reinforcing Bradbury’s goal of having the protagonist restore order from chaos. Questions?? 1. Did the freaks turn back into humans? 2. Is the carnival still affected by joy that is not displayed? Questions?? 1. Did the freaks turn back into humans? The freaks were ‘set free’ from being enslaved to the carnival, but since they take off north, south, east, west, they clearly haven’t learned to stick together– haven’t learned about the importance of common cause. 2. Is the carnival still affected by joy that is not displayed? Doubtful; they wouldn’t bother luring anyone who is quietly content. Questions?? 3. Why did the skeleton, of all the freaks, carry away Mr. Dark? 4. Does Jim ever get younger? 5. Do the freaks have to ride the carousel also or do they remain alive from Mr. Dark’s riding it? Questions?? 3. Why did the skeleton, of all the freaks, carry away Mr. Dark? No indication– I wondered that– someone said (per. 2) that it may represent the Grim Reaper. 4. Does Jim ever get younger? No way to know; he probably needs to live with the consequences of his actions. 5. Do the freaks have to ride the carousel also or do they remain alive from Mr. Dark riding it? No indication if freaks get older or if they are squashed into their ‘freakiness’ permanently. Questions?? 6. Mr. Halloway says, “The fight’s just begun.” What does he mean by that? 7. Does a laugh that has no emotion connected to it affect the carnival? Questions?? 6. Mr. Halloway says “The fight’s just begun” what does he mean by that? I think he means that the 3 of them have just enlisted, with full knowledge of what the battle entails, in a lifelong struggle, constantly deciding which hat to wear. It’s always about the next choice. 7. Does a laugh that has no emotion connected to it affect the carnival? Does a rhetorical question have an answer, and does it matter? Questions?? 7. If Mr. Dark is the carnival, when he dies does the carousel lose all of its power? 8. Is Mr. Dark supposed to be the devil? Questions?? 7. If Mr. Dark is the carnival, when he dies does the carousel lose all of its power? “Evil has only the power that we give it.” (275) Mr. Halloway says he isn’t sure whether the carousel would work w/out the freaks, but he takes no chances. Remember: Temptation resides within. 8. Is Mr. Dark supposed to be the devil? No– he doesn’t survive on souls but on their misery. He is the unnatural human who gives in to all of his worst inclinations and draws pleasure from others’ misery. Questions?? 8. Where did the carnival come from? There is no specific evidence, but Charles Halloway speculates that the carnival is just one way that evil can prey on good. Evil will take other forms—which is why we need to be watching out. It’s always about the next choice. The carousel may have come into play as a convenient way to address so many people who are not satisfied with their current lives and age. Questions?? 9. What happens to the physical carnival at the end? There’s no indication after the freaks pull up the tent poles on their way north, south, east, and west, causing all the tents to collapse. The carousel’s control box gets destroyed by Mr. Halloway. We don’t know how the town is going to deal with that. Questions?? 10. Where does Miss Foley end up? There’s no indication. She may have been used by the carnival to get Will and Jim’s last names, or she may have left town to start over. She is not a traditional freak. Questions?? 11. Were all the people in the wax museum once part of the carnival? I don’t know– but that would be a convenient place to put those they couldn’t use for anything else. It sounds very much like the carnival. On p. 240 it says that the other wax figures are those who met a gruesome end. Questions?? 12. Will Mr. Halloway be charged with murder? No. There is no evidence of any crime, and all of the people associated with the carnival are gone. Questions?? 13. Why do certain characters have a hard time accepting their ages (Mr. Halloway, Jim, and Miss Foley)? Great question. The nature of temptation is that it preys on those who simply aren’t content. There’s a difference between wishing one was a different age and being willing to do whatever it takes to achieve it. Charles Halloway is the only one seriously tempted by the carousel but who does not give in. He thinks all the way around the issue and realizes that he would give up far more than he would gain. Questions?? 14. Do you have to find order to make chaos? Do you? Does this go with Charles Halloway’s contention that you have to know what evil, or the enemy, is in order to fight it? Episodic Notes 30 October 2015 • Choose the MOST IMPORTANT SCENE in Parts I, II, and III! • Draw each scene and give each a caption. • Explain in a few sentences how that scene ADVANCES THE PLOT of the novel! Significant scenes Part I. • The lightning rod salesman gives the lightning rod to Jim. • The boys find the handbill. • The carnival arrives. • The boys meet Mr. Dark and Mr. Cooger. • The boys see Mr. Cooger become Robert. • Jim and Will get “framed” for burglary. • The boys accidentally almost kill Mr. Cooger (Mr. Electrico) by messing up the carousel control box. • The boys enter the freak tent. Significant scenes Part II. • Will fights the Dust Witch and “kills” her balloon. • The boys find Miss Foley, who has become a little girl. • The parade searches for the boys. • Mr. Halloway meets Mr. Dark. • The boys and Mr. Halloway talk about the carnival in the library. • Mr. Dark breaks Mr. Halloway’s hand. • Mr. Dark finds the boys. INCLUDE: • Context for each quote (place the reader in the storyline). Embed quotation in context and/or analysis. Paraphrase for storyline context. • Structure consistently. Determine structure based on pre-writing. • DO NOT INCLUDE FILLER! • Analysis goes beyond the superficial! • Go back to notes on MY epigraph connection. • Use helpful transitions. • Draw a conclusion.