European integration: What future prospects? Richard G. Whitman, Head, European Programme

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European integration:
What future prospects?
Richard G. Whitman, Head, European Programme
Overview
z Two decades of change within the EU
z Digesting an EU of 25
z Projects in progress
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Enlargement
Building Europe’s economic governance and competitiveness
Foreign, security and defence policy
The Constitutional Treaty
z What future for the EU?
2
A decade of change within the EU
z Completing the blueprint
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EMU and the euro
Foreign and Security Policy
Justice and Home Affairs
Connecting with the citizen
Enlargement
z A developing Acquis Communitaire
3
Digesting an EU of 25
z From 15 to 25
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Copenhagen criteria
Accession negotiations by chapter
The transposition of the Acquis
z More little, less big
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Population
Economy
z Institutional architecture remains the same
z New sources of influence in the decision making process
4
Projects in progress
z Enlargement
z Building Europe’s economic governance and competitiveness
z Foreign, security and defence policy
z The Constitutional Treaty
5
Enlargement
z Never off the agenda?
z Enlargement
z Change in the geopolitics of Europe
z An end to the cold war limits of enlargement
z Dealing with the consequences of enlargement
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Building Europe’s economic governance and
competitiveness
z Stability and Growth Pact
z Lisbon Agenda
z Role of the Euro
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Foreign, security and defence policy
z Sustaining a Foreign Economic Policy
z A developing Common Foreign and Security Policy
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A greater range of instruments
Security Strategy
New states, new interests
z A developing capacity for military action
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Operational experience
Headline Goal
Battle groups
z Common defence equipment procurement
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The Constitutional Treaty
z Convention, IGC and the Constitutional Treaty
z What would the Treaty do?
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Simplification and streamlining
Changes to decision making
New positions (European Council President and Foreign Minister)
Enhance EU policies
Connect with the citizen
z The ratification of the Constitutional Treaty
z Scenarios after the French and Dutch votes
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What future for the EU?
z Larger
z More complicated decision-making processes
z Less competitive?
z More globally active
10
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