Vocabulary: A B C

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Name:
Date:
Period:
Life Science
Final Exam Study Guide
Vocabulary:
A
Cell
Cell Theory
Hypothesis
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Inference
Biotic (living)
Abiotic (non-living)
Qualitative Observation
Quantitative Observation
B
Cell Wall
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Organelle
Ribosome
Chloroplast
Mitochondria
Unicellular
Multicellular
C
Osmosis
Active Transport
Diffusion
Enzyme
Photosynthesis
Autotroph
Hetertroph
Chlorophyll
Cellular Respiration
D
Trait
Purebred
Hybrid
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Genotype
Phenotype
Acquired trait
Inherited trait
E
Gene
DNA
Mutation
Evolution
Natural Selection
Adaptation
Fossil
Homologous structure
Review Questions:
A: Fill in the blanks using the vocabulary terms in column A above.
1. All living things are made up of
.
2. Testable idea is known as a
.
3. There are 3 marbles is an example of a
4. Trees, humans and fish are
observation.
factors on Earth.
5. The factor in a lab that you changed on purpose is called the
6. The
variable.
explains how cells come from existing cells.
7. Rocks, air and heat are
factors on Earth.
8. The rock is black, rough and has white spots; this is a
9. An
observation.
is a statement you’d make after observing something for example, you might say
that someone is sad because you observed them frowning.
10. The result of making a change in a lab is called the
variable.
B: Determine if the statement is true or false, if it’s true write true on the line but if it’s false write the correct
answer on the line using the vocabulary in column B above.
11. All cells have a cell membrane.
12. A mitochondria makes food from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide.
13. The nucleus is the control center of the cell.
14. A ribosome is an organelle.
15. All plant cells have cell walls.
16. A living thing which is made of 3 cells is unicellular.
17. All cells contain mitochondria.
18. Humans and Giraffes are both multicellular.
C: Match the vocabulary term above to the example by placing the term on the line, use column C.
19. The movement of water across a membrane:
20. A protein that speeds up chemical reactions.
21. An animal that has to eat is called a
22. The process that plants use to make food.
23. The process of breaking down sugars to release energy is called
24. The movement of particles using energy is called
D: Determine if the statement is true or false, if it’s true write true on the line but if it’s false write the correct
answer on the line using the vocabulary in column B above.
25. Aa is an example of a heterozygous genotype.
26. Genotype is the pair of letters that determine our traits.
27. A hybrid is an organism which is made up of three different species.
28. Hair color and dimples are examples of traits.
29. A purebred is a homozygous genotype (ex: AA or aa)
30. An inherited trait is one which your genes give you.
31. Acquired traits are features like dyed hair, tattoos and ear piercings that aren’t part of our
genes.
32. Complete the Punnett square below:
B
b
B
b
E: Match the term to the example, description or definition.
33. When DNA is changed; this can be helpful, harmful or neither
34. The four nitrogen bases are A, T, G, C
.
.
35. The features or traits that make an organism fit for its environment
.
36. The wing of a bird and the flipper of a seal both have
37. The remains of something that was once living
.
.
38. The process of overproduction, variation, competition for resources and survival is
39. When something changes over time this is called
.
.
40. The part of a chromosome, that is made of DNA, that tells us how to look is called a
.
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