Old City Hall – Wilmore Conference Room 106

Old City Hall – Wilmore Conference Room 106
600 E. Trade Street
February 24, 2011, 7:30 a.m. – 9:30 a.m.
Meeting Goals:
Understand homelessness organizations & services and Coalition committee guidelines.
7:30 a.m.
7:40 a.m.
Presentation on Homelessness
organizations and services
8:00 a.m.
Committee Report & Guidelines
9:15 a.m.
Research and Evaluation
Development and Service Integration
David & Pat
Committee Guidelines
Announcements and wrap-up
ULI conference
Crossroads Charlotte
Chamber inner-city visit
Next Coalition Meeting
Thursday, March 24, 2011
7:30 a.m. – 9:30 a.m.
Old City Hall
600 E. Trade Street – Wilmore Conference Room
Charlotte, NC 28202
An Introduction to
Homeless Policies &
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Coalition for Housing
February 24, 2011
Annabelle Suddreth
A Child’s Place
Lori Thomas
UNC Charlotte
Originally the McKinney Act of 1987 in response
to the growth of homelessness in the 1980s
Reauthorized as the McKinney-Vento Act of 2000
Establishes the Interagency Council on
Homelessness, Continuum of Care, Homeless
Services Management Information System
Formula and competitive grants to states and
local Continua of Care (CoCs)
Includes Emergency Shelter Grants (ESG),
Section 8 mod-rehab for SROs (SRO), Shelter
Plus Care (S+C), Supportive Housing Program
(SHP), Education for Homeless Children and
Youth Program (EHCYP)
Reauthorized May 20, 2009 as a part of the
Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid
Transition to Housing Act (HEARTH)
McKinney-Vento/HEARTH Act
Traditional Continuum of Care
HUD Description of Services:
 Stabilization services
 Short-term financial assistance
 Discharge planning
Federal Funding Sources:
 Emergency Shelter Grant (ESG)
 Federal Emergency Management Agency
 US Department of Health and Human Services
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Providers:
 Crisis Assistance Ministries
HUD Description of Services:
 Identify immediate needs
 Provide link to ongoing support
 Specialized services for chronically homeless
Federal Funding Source:
 Supportive Housing Program (SHP - if
outreach to independent living)
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Providers:
 Mecklenburg County CSS/HSS
 Men’s Shelter of Charlotte
 Community Link
Outreach & Assessment
HUD Description of Services:
 Safe, secure, temporary place
 Includes hotel vouchers and short-stay apartments
 Includes day shelter
 Typically up to 90 days
Federal Funding Sources:
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Providers:
 Charlotte Men’s Shelter
 Charlotte Emergency Housing
 Salvation Army Center of Hope
 Family Promise
 United Family Services – Domestic Violence Shelter
 The Relatives
 Samaritan House
 Urban Ministry Center – Room In The Inn
 Blessings in the Storm
Emergency Shelter
HUD Description of
 Interim placement for those  YWCA Women in Transition
without access or not ready  YWCA Families Together
for permanent housing
 Salvation Army
 Up to 24 months
 Meck Co CSS (DV)
 Provide personal and
 Hoskins Park
financial stability for
 Jackson Park
permanent housing
 Society Cares
 Community Link
Federal Funding Sources:
 Charlotte Rescue Mission
 Hope Haven
 My Sister’s House
 House of Grace
 UMC – SABER program
 Harvest Center
Transitional Housing
HUD Description of Services:
 Combine housing assistance and supportive services
 Multi-family or scattered site
 Services provided on site or through partnering agencies
Federal Funding Sources:
 Section 8
 Section 9
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Providers:
 Salvation Army – Hampton Creste
 McCreesh Place
 Urban Ministry Center
 Shelter Plus Care
Permanent Supportive Housing
Description of Services:
 Ensure homeless children have access to public education
 Facilitate enrollment, attendance, and success in school
 Address transportation needs, immunization and residency
requirements, school records requirements, and
guardianship issues
Federal Funding Source:
 DOE - McKinney-Vento EHCY Program
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Providers:
 Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools
 A Child’s Place
Education for Homeless Children and
Youth Program
• Emergency
• System
Interim Housing
Permanent Housing
Services/Support as
•Life Skills Assessment
•Case Management
•Substance Abuse Treatment
•Health Care Access
•Mental Health Services
•Legal Services
•Domestic Violence Services
•Housing Referral
•Benefit Screening
New Continuum of Care
Greater Emphasis on Prevention and Re-Housing
◦ Emergency Solutions Grant
◦ Expanded eligibility criteria to include at risk
◦ At least 40% dedicated to prevention and rehousing
Definition Changes
◦ Homelessness
Unstably Housed
◦ Chronic
Selection Criteria
Leveraging, coordination, and other factors
Homeless Assistance Reauthorization
National Policy Update June 2009
Summary of the HEARTH Act
On May 20, 2009, President Obama signed into law a bill to reauthorize HUD's McKinney-Vento
Homeless Assistance programs. The bill was included as part of the Helping Families Save Their
Homes Act. The McKinney-Vento reauthorization provisions are identical to those included in
two bills introduced earlier this year, both known as the Homeless Emergency Assistance and
Rapid Transition to Housing (HEARTH) Act. The Senate bill (S. 808) was introduced by Senators
Jack Reed (D-RI), Kit Bond (R-MO), and 11 other Senators. The House bill (H.R. 1877) was
introduced by Representatives Gwen Moore (D-WI), Judy Biggert (R-IL), and 5 other House
Now that the bill is enacted, HUD will have up to 18 months to develop regulations to
implement the new McKinney program.
HUD's McKinney-Vento homeless assistance programs were last reauthorized in the Housing
and Community Development Act of 1992. Since then, numerous proposals have been debated,
but controversies prevented Congress from passing any significant reauthorizations. However, a
number of changes were made to the McKinney-Vento programs by HUD and by Congress
through the annual appropriations process. The most significant change by HUD was the
creation of the Continuum of Care process, which was first implemented in 1995.
In September 2007, the Senate Banking Committee approved the Community Partnership to End
Homelessness Act (S. 1518). The HEARTH Act (H.R. 840) was introduced in the House in
February 2007 by the late Congresswoman Julia Carson (D-IN) and Congressman Geoff Davis (RKY). On July 31, 2008, the House Financial Services Committee approved the bill and several
amendments to it by voice vote. After discussions between House and Senate staff, a
compromise was agreed to that closely resembled S. 1518 and H.R. 840. The compromise was
passed by the House as H.R. 7221 on a 355-61 vote. However, the bill did not pass the Senate
before the end of the session.
On April 2, 2009, Senators Reed, Bond, and 11 other Senators and Representatives Moore,
Biggert, and 5 other House Members introduced identical versions of a McKinney-Vento
reauthorization bill, the HEARTH Act. That measure was attached by amendment to the Helping
Families Save Their Homes Act (S. 896), which was enacted on May 20, 2009. The HEARTH Act
makes numerous changes to HUD's homeless assistance programs:
Homelessness prevention will be significantly expanded.
New incentives will place more emphasis on rapid re-housing, especially for homeless
The existing emphasis on creating permanent supportive housing for people
experiencing chronic homelessness will continue, although families could also be
considered chronically homeless.
Rural communities will have the option of applying under a different set of guidelines
that offer more flexibility and more assistance with capacity building.
Prevention and Rehousing Assistance: The New Emergency Solutions Grant
Funding for the Emergency Shelter Grant (ESG) will be distributed by the same formula to the
same jurisdictions as it is now. However, there will be significant changes in the amount of
funding and how that funding can be used.
ESG is renamed the "Emergency Solutions Grant," signifying its shift to funding
homelessness prevention and re-housing, as well as emergency shelter.
Eligible activities include the traditional shelter and outreach activities of the current ESG
program, but also include more prevention and re-housing activities—short- or mediumterm rental assistance, housing relocation or stabilization services such as housing
search, mediation, or outreach to property owners, legal services, credit repair, security
or utility deposits, utility payments, final month’s rental assistance, and moving costs or
other relocation or stabilization activities. These prevention activities are similar to
those being funded under the Homelessness Prevention and Rapid Re-Housing Program
(HPRP) that is being operated by HUD as part of the American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act.
Prevention and re-housing activities can serve people who are homeless or at risk of
homelessness, including people who have less than 30 percent of area median income
and move frequently for economic reasons, live doubled up, are facing eviction, live in a
hotel or motel, live in severely overcrowded housing, or are exiting an institution.
Anybody considered homeless by other federal statutes can also be served with
prevention or re-housing assistance.
Funding for ESG increases to 20 percent of the amount available for homeless
assistance. This is a significant increase over the existing allocation for ESG.
At least 40 percent of ESG funds are dedicated to prevention and re-housing activities,
although there is a hold-harmless provision that ensures that ESG grantees do not have
to reduce funding for traditional shelter and outreach activities. In most communities,
the amount of funding for emergency shelter and outreach will remain similar to current
levels, but there will be much more funding for prevention and re-housing.
National Alliance to End Homelessness
The maximum allowance for Administrative expenses rises from 5 percent to 7.5
Definition of Homelessness
The bill modifies the definition of homelessness and also allows grantees to use some
Continuum of Care funding for people who are not homeless under HUD's definition, but are
homeless under definitions of homelessness used by other federal agencies.
HUD's existing definition of homelessness includes people living in places not meant for human
habitation (the streets, abandoned buildings, etc), living in an emergency shelter or transitional
housing facility, and—although it is not specifically described in the McKinney-Vento statute—
facing the loss of housing within the next seven days with no other place to go and no
resources or support networks to obtain housing.
The HEARTH Act adds to this definition situations where a person is at imminent risk of
homelessness or where a family or unaccompanied youth is living unstably. Imminent risk
includes situations where a person must leave his or her current housing within the next 14
days with no other place to go and no resources or support networks to obtain housing.
Instability includes families with children and unaccompanied youth who: 1) are defined as
homeless under other federal programs (such as the Department of Education's Education for
Homeless Children and Youth program), 2) have lived for a long period without living
independently in permanent housing, 3) have moved frequently, and 4) will continue to
experience instability because of disability, history of domestic violence or abuse, or multiple
barriers to employment.
A community can use up to 10 percent of its Continuum of Care (CoC) funding to serve families
with children and unaccompanied youth who are homeless because they are living unstably (as
described in the previous paragraph) or meet the definitions of homelessness used by the
Department of Education or any other federal agency. Communities with low rates of
homelessness—those with fewer than 0.1 percent of their population homeless in their most
recent point-in-time count—can use more of their funding to serve families with children and
unaccompanied youth who meet the definition of homelessness used by the Department of
Education or another federal agency. Approximately 20 percent of CoCs, mostly rural and
suburban, had homelessness rates below 0.1 percent in 2005.
Applying for Funds
The process of applying for homeless assistance funding will be similar to the current process.
Applicants in a community continue to organize into a Continuum of Care and submit a joint
application to HUD. The entire application is scored, and projects are funded in the order that
they are prioritized in the application.
Changes include the following:
The entity that applies for funding is known as a Collaborative Applicant.
National Alliance to End Homelessness
The selection criteria focus more on actual performance and include incentives for rapid
re-housing for homeless families and permanent supportive housing for individuals and
families experiencing chronic homelessness. (See: Incentives, Selection Criteria, and Set
Asides below.)
Under certain circumstances, Collaborative Applicants can apply to HUD for funding,
receive all of the funding designated for the community they represent, and then subgrant funds to all the project sponsors in the community. A Collaborative Applicant that
performed this role is known as a "Unified Funding Agency." A Collaborative Applicant
can become a Unified Funding Agency in one of two ways: 1) by applying to HUD for that
status, or 2) by being designated by HUD if HUD finds that the Collaborative Applicant
has the requisite capacity, that HUD and the Collaborative Applicant agree on what
technical assistance would be needed, and that the designation would benefit the
community. In addition to the regular duties of a Collaborative Applicant, a Unified
Funding Agency has to ensure that project sponsors use proper accounting methods
and receive annual audits of evaluations of financial records.
A Continuum of Care that is entirely rural or in a rural state (Alaska, Idaho, Montana,
Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, or Wyoming) may apply
under a different set of criteria (see Rural Program). A Continuum of Care that is in a
rural state but consists entirely of a metropolitan area may not apply under the rural
Responsibilities of the Collaborative Applicant
A Collaborative Applicant submits a consolidated application to HUD and has other
responsibilities and benefits.
It can receive up to 3 percent of its community's funding for administrative costs. If the
Collaborative Applicant is also a Unified Funding Agency, it can receive up to 6 percent.
It may designate another entity, such as a consultant, to help it apply for and receive
grants and perform other administrative duties.
It is responsible for ensuring that its community participates in HMIS.
Continuum of Care Program
Under the HEARTH Act, the Shelter Plus Care, Supportive Housing Program, and Moderate
Rehabilitation/SRO programs will be consolidated into a single "Continuum of Care Program"
with the same eligible activities as all of the programs combined.
Re-housing services are explicitly added as an eligible activity, including housing search,
mediation or outreach to property owners, credit repair, provision of security or utility deposits,
rental assistance for a final month at a location, assistance with moving costs, or other activities
that help homeless people move immediately into housing or would benefit people who have
moved into permanent housing in the last 6 months.
National Alliance to End Homelessness
Operating costs are redefined to include service coordination.
Project sponsors may request a 15-year agreement for project based assistance, with up to the
first 5 years being paid for with the initial grant, and the rest paid for with future
Project sponsors may receive up to 10 percent for administrative costs.
Reasonable amounts can be used for staff training.
Permanent Housing Rental Assistance can only be administered by PHAs or government
Incentives, Selection Criteria, and Set Asides
HUD is required to provide incentives for strategies that are proven to reduce homelessness.
These strategies include rapid re-housing programs for homeless families and permanent
supportive housing programs for individuals and families that experience chronic
homelessness. HUD can add additional proven strategies if there is research to support the
strategies and after a period of public comment. A community that has fully implemented a
proven strategy can apply for the incentive and use it for any other eligible activity, including
the prevention and re-housing activities allowed under the new ESG program. The amount and
specific nature of the incentives is not spelled out in the legislation and will be determined by
Thirty percent of funding is for new permanent housing for individuals with a disabling
condition or families with an adult member who has a disabling condition. The requirement
does not apply to each individual Continuum, only nationally (for example, some Communities
can use 25 percent if others use 35 percent).
At least 10 percent of funding is for permanent housing activities for homeless families, which
include families with or without a member with a disability. This requirement overlaps with the
30 percent requirement. (For example, 25 percent of funding could be for permanent housing
for individuals with a disability, 5 percent could be for homeless families with an adult member
with a disability, and 5 percent could be for families without a member with a disabling
In addition to the incentives described above, HUD will continue to use a pro-rata need formula
and selection criteria to determine funding. Within 2 years, HUD will be required to develop a
pro-rata need by regulation.
The selection criteria include the following factors:
Performance: The previous performance of the community, including reductions in the
length of time people are homeless, reductions in homelessness recidivism,
thoroughness in reaching homeless people, reductions in the number of homeless
people, increases in jobs and income, and reductions in the number of people who
become homeless. For communities that use funding to serve people who are not
included in HUD's definition of homelessness but are included in other federal
National Alliance to End Homelessness
definitions of homelessness, performance also includes the degree to which those
families and youth avoid homelessness and live independently.
Plans: The quality and comprehensiveness of a community's plan to reduce
homelessness, ensure homeless children receive education services, and address the
needs of all subpopulations. Also considered is the extent to which the plan identifies
quantifiable performance measures, timelines, funding sources, and entities responsible
for implementation. For communities that intend to use funding to serve people who are
not included in HUD's definition of homelessness but are included in other federal
definitions of homelessness, HUD will assess how the plan prevents homelessness and
helps families and youth live independently.
Methodology: The methodology for prioritizing funding, including whether the process
uses periodically-collected information and analysis, considers the full range of opinions
in the community, is based on objective, publicly-announced criteria, and is open to
proposals from other entities that have not previously been funded.
Other factors: Leveraging, coordination, and other factors that HUD determines are
important. For communities that plan to use funding to serve people who are not
defined as homeless by HUD but are defined as homeless in other federal statutes,
selection criteria include goals and outcomes for those populations, including the
degree to which the funding will prevent those families and youth from becoming
homeless and the degree to which it helps them achieve independent living.
Rural Programs
Continuums or individual projects that are entirely rural or are in rural states can apply for
funding under a simplified set of criteria. Their application includes a description of who lives in
the worst housing conditions in the community, and their programs can serve people who are
homeless or at risk of homelessness.
Rural applicants are scored only in comparison to other rural applicants, which may make them
more competitive. At least five percent of funding is available under the rural program unless
there were not enough qualified applications for funding.
Rural continuums are defined as those that have no metropolitan statistical areas, or that have
only rural counties within metropolitan statistical areas. A Continuum of Care will also be
considered rural if is a mix of rural and urban areas and is in one of the following states:
Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, or
Funds can be used to serve people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness, and the
eligible activities will be:
Rent, mortgage, or utility assistance;
Security deposits, first month's rent at a new location, and relocation assistance;
National Alliance to End Homelessness
Short-term emergency lodging in motels or shelters;
Construction of new transitional or permanent housing;
Acquisition or rehabilitation of a structure to provide supportive services, transitional
housing, or permanent housing;
Leasing of property for transitional or permanent housing or to provide supportive
Rental assistance to provide transitional or permanent housing;
Operating costs;
Rehabilitation and repairs such as insulation, window repair, door repair, roof repair,
and repairs that are necessary to make premises habitable;
Supportive services; and
Costs associated with making use of Federal inventory property programs to house
homeless families.
In addition, up to 20 percent of funding could be used for capacity building activities.
The selection criteria for the rural program will include the following:
The participation of potential beneficiaries in determining need;
The degree to which the project addresses the most harmful housing conditions in the
The degree of collaboration with other entities;
Performance of the organization in improving housing situations;
For organizations that have previously received funding, the extent to which they
improved conditions in the community;
Pro-rata need; and
Other HUD-determined criteria.
Collaborative Applicants must provide a match equal to 25 percent of the community’s total
grant. The match is applied community-wide, not project by project. Collaborative Applicants do
not have to provide any match for leasing grants. The match can be cash or in-kind when
documented by a Memorandum of Understanding. The match requirements are the same for
rural applicants.
National Alliance to End Homelessness
High Performing Communities
Communities that are high performing, which means they have low levels of homelessness, can
use as much funding as they want for prevention and re-housing assistance to homeless and atrisk households. To achieve designation as a high performing community, a Collaborative
Applicant has to show that:
1. The average length of stay in homelessness has declined by 10 percent from the year
before or is below 20 days;
2. Fewer than 5 percent of people who exit homelessness become homeless again in the
next 2 years or the rate of recidivism back into homelessness declines by 20 percent
from the year before;
3. Homeless people are encouraged to participate in homeless assistance services; and
4. If the recipient has been a high performing community in the past, it used that
designation well.
5. For communities that use funding to serve people who are not included in HUD's
definition of homelessness but are included in other federal definitions of
homelessness, the criteria would include effectiveness at helping those families and
youth avoid homelessness and live independently.
Permanent Housing Renewals
Funding for renewals of permanent housing rental assistance, leasing, and operating costs can
come from either the appropriations account for HUD's Homeless Assistance Grants or the
account for the Project-Based Section 8 program. All permanent housing renewals will be
funded non-competitively for one year at a time. Project Sponsors can, if they choose, request
up to 15-year contracts for project based rental assistance that would be subject to annual
Family Homelessness Research
A research program is authorized to compare the effectiveness of different interventions for
homeless families at three sites.
DV Program Participation in HMIS
Projects that primarily provide victim services to survivors of domestic violence, dating violence,
sexual assault, or stalking do not provide personally identifying information to an HMIS. They
can provide non-personally identifying information.
Non-Discrimination against Families with Older Children
Beginning in two years, McKinney-Vento-funded shelters, transitional housing, and permanent
supportive housing programs that serve homeless families are not allowed to deny admission to
families based on the age of their children. There is one exception for transitional housing
programs, but only if they were able to provide comparable services for the family elsewhere,
and only if the transitional housing program is implementing a best practice that requires that
it accept families with children of a specific age.
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For fiscal year 2010, $2.2 billion will be authorized. For comparison, in fiscal year 2009, $1.677
billion was appropriated. Authorized levels are not a guarantee of funding; they act more as a
recommendation of funding levels. Actual funding is determined annually through the
Appropriations process.
Interagency Council on Homelessness
The U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness is also reauthorized with several changes:
Added to the council are the heads of the Social Security Administration, the Department
of Justice, the Office of Management and Budget, the Office of Faith-Based and
Community Initiatives, and the USA FreedomCorps.
The Council is required to develop a National Strategic Plan to End Homelessness and
update it annually.
Added to the duties of the council are encouraging the creation of State Interagency
Councils on Homelessness, encouraging agencies to improve access to benefits,
conducting research and evaluations, developing joint federal agency initiatives,
developing constructive alternatives to criminalization, and convening a public meeting
to discuss definitions of homelessness.
Other Provisions:
The HEARTH Act sets a goal of ensuring that no family is homeless for more than 30
HUD will have to release the NOFA no more than 3 months after enactment of
appropriations. Awards must be announced no later than 5 months after applications
are due (6 months for the first two years after enactment). Project sponsors must meet
all requirements for obligation no later than 9 months after an award is announced (24
months for acquisition, construction, or rehab). HUD may grant an extension.
The definition of chronic homelessness changes to include families with children and
ignore brief stays in institutional care.
Up to 1 percent of funding can be used for technical assistance.
The Government Accountability Office (GAO) is required to perform a study of rural
homelessness and a study of the appropriate administrative fee for the Emergency
Solutions Grant.
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Proposed Housing Trust Fund Allocation
February 24, 2011
Briefing Objectives
Area Median Income (AMI)
Discussion Points
• February 24, 2011 – Coalition Review
• March 24, 2011 – Coalition Approval
• April 6, 2011 – Housing & Neighborhood
Development Committee
• May 9, 2011 – City Council Approval
HTF Allocation
Multi-Family Developments
Tax Credit Set-Aside
< 60%
Rapid Acquisition - Partnership
< 30%
Special Needs Housing – RFP
< 30%
Transitional Housing with Supportive
Services – RFP Process
< 30%
Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
2010 Area Median Income (AMI)
for a family of four
Max. Rent
Discussion Points
• AMI targets and greatest need
• Meeting lower AMI targets and incentives
• Development for homeless individuals
and families
2011 Committee Guidelines
The Coalition is charged with the implementing the Charlotte Mecklenburg Ten-Year Plan (CMTYP) with
three specific areas of focus:
Providing housing
Outreach and engagement
The Coalition is also charged with an annual evaluation; research; development of community
partnerships and an annual report to the City Council and County Commission.
To accomplish its charge, the Coalition will operate with a committee structure. Ex-officio Coalition
members have committee assignments. Each committee will have staff support and the Coalition Chair
is an ex-officio member of all committees.
The work of these committees is integral to the success of the CMTYP. To facilitate the working of the
committees, the following guidelines will connect the work of the committee to the whole.
All committee meetings are public and will comply with open meetings requirements.
Committee meeting notices will be posted on the Coalition website.
A summary of the meeting will be posted on the Coalition website.
The committee support staff is responsible for meeting notification, agenda preparation and
meeting summaries. This information should be sent to the Coalition support staff for timely
Integration of Effort
The monthly Coalition agendas will include committee reports.
The regular meeting agenda of the ex-officio members of the Coalition will include a review of
the committee efforts for the integration of information and effort.
Coalition Director will contact staff support prior to the Coalition monthly meeting to determine
if there is a need for information sharing, project management or any other connection
between the committees.
The staff is responsible for looking for opportunities to collaborate between committees to
meet the goals of the CMTYP.
The Coalition Chair will periodically connect with all of the committee facilitators to evaluation the work
of the committees and to obtain an assessment of these guidelines. The Coalition Director will do the
same for support staff.