Appendix of Figures Figure 1: Annual apple production.

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Appendix of Figures
Figure 1: Annual apple production.
WASH. vs REST OF U.S.
MIL FIELD
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
196
197
198
199
200
YEAR
Rest of U.S.
WASHINGTON
Source: USDA, NASS. Noncitrus Fruits and Nuts. Various issues.
Figure 2: Total fresh projection.
Total Fresh Projection
1,000 cartons
120000
90000
60000
30000
0
1985
1990
Total Fresh
1995
Lower Deviation
2000
2005
2010
Upper Deviation
Source: http://www.agribusiness-mgmt.wsu.edu/AgbusResearch/docs/cropprojection97.xls.
Figure 3: Production by Washington and other major states.
Production by State
7000
pounds
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
Year
California
Michigan
New York
Penn
Washington
All Others
Source: USDA, NASS. Noncitrus Fruits and Nuts. Various issues.
Figure 4A: Production by countries.
Production By Country
Metric Tons
3000000
2500000
2000000
1500000
1000000
500000
0
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
Year
France
Italy
Germany
Turkey
Source: USDA, FAS. http://www.fas.usda.gov/psd/complete_tables/HTP-table6-102.htm.
Figure 4B: Production by countries.
Metric Tone
Production by Country
1200000
25000000
1000000
20000000
800000
15000000
600000
10000000
400000
5000000
200000
0
0
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
Year
Chile
New Zealand
China
US
Source: USDA, FAS. http://www.fas.usda.gov/psd/complete_tables/HTP-table6-102.htm.
Figure 5: Processing utilization by major state.
Volume
(Mil Lbs)
2000
Processing by State
1800
1600
1400
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1993
1994
California
1995
Michigan
1996
1997
1998
New York Year
Penn
1999
Washington
2000
2001
All Others
2002
Figure 6: Production and use in Washington.
Production and Use, Washington
Mil Lbs
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
1970
1980
1990
Production
2000
Fresh Use
Source: USDA, NASS. Noncitrus Fruits and Nuts. Various issues.
Figure 7: Fresh use of Washington apples, measured by fresh shipments.
Washington Fresh Use
Bil Lbs
6
4.5
3
1.5
0
1970
1980
1990
Domestic
Source: Wenatchee Valley Traffic Association.
Total
2000
Figure 8: Volume by crop year for fresh use of apples in the U.S.
Total Fresh Use: Apples
Mil Lbs
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
1980
1990
2000
Source: Based on data reported by Foreign Agricultural Service, USDA.
Figure 9: Per capital fresh use and total per capital use of Washington apples.
Per Capita Fresh and Total Use: Apples
60
Lbs per Capita
50
40
30
20
10
0
1980
2000
Fresh Use
Total
Source: http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/data-sets/specialty/.
Figure 10: Decrease in industry demand for Red Delicious.
Washington Shipments
120000
100000
Cars
80000
60000
40000
20000
0
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Reds
Goldens
Granny
Fuji
Gala
Other
Source: Washington Growers Clearing House Annual Summary, various editions.
Figure 11: Export movement by variety.
1200
250
1000
200
800
150
600
100
Mil Lbs.
Mil Lbs.
Washington Exports by Variety
400
50
200
0
0
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Reds
Goldens
Gala
Fuji
Granny
Other
Source: Wenatchee Valley Traffic Association and Washington Apple Commission.
Figure 12: Fresh consumption per capita for Reds, Goldens, and all varieties.
Per Capita Domestic Use: Washington Apples
10
9
8
7
Lbs
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Red
Gold
Total
Source: Unpublished industry data.
Figure 13: Growth in per capita domestic movement of newer varieties.
Per Capita Domestic Use: Washington Apples
1.4
1.2
Lbs
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Gala
Source: Unpublished industry data.
Fuji
Granny
Others
Figure 14: Per capita apple shipments by region.
Per Capita Fresh Use: Washington
A l
1
6
1
4
1
2
1
Lb
0
8
s
6
4
2
0
199
0
199
1
M.W
.
199
2
199
3
N.E
.
199
4
199
5
S.E
.
199
6
S.W
.
199
7
199
8
Wes
t
199
9
200
0
Figure 15: Typical harvest periods for a set of varieties in central Washington.
Source: http://www.willowdrive.com/.
Figure 16: Apple production and marketing system.
Nurseries
Water
Labor
Equipment
Processor
Orchard
Warehouse
Storage
Packing
Sales
Grower Advisors
Chemicals
Energy
Export
Brokers
Wholesaler
Food Service
Retailer
Customer
Figure 17: Number of orchard employees by number of days worked.
180000
160000
140000
120000
100000
80000
60000
40000
20000
0
25000
20000
15000
10000
5000
0
1969
1974
1978
1982
>150 days
1987
1992
1997
2002
<150 days
Source: Census of Agriculture, various years.
Figure 18: Seasonal real and nominal prices.
Season Average Prices
18
16
$ per carton
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
1970
1980
Average Nominal FOB Price
Source: Washington Growers Clearing House.
1990
Average Real FOB Price
2000
>150 days
<150 days
Employees by Days Worked
Tree Fruit
Figure 19: Average prices without Reds.
Average Price without Reds
20
18
16
$ per Carton
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
1995
2000
Average Nominal Price
Average Real Price
Source: Ibid.
Figure 20: Regular storage Red Delicious prices, 1991-1992.
Red Delicious Daily Prices by Size, RS. 91-92
U.S. Dollars
24
20
16
12
Sept. Sept. Oct. Oct. Oct. Oct. Nov. Nov. Nov. Dec. Dec. Dec. Dec. Jan. Jan.
16
24
2
10
21
29
7
18
26
5
13
23
31
9
17
80/88
100
Source: USDA, AMS, MNS Daily Price Reports.
138
Figure 21: CA Red Delicious prices, 1991-92.
C.A.Red Delicious prices, 91-92
U.S. Dollar
22
20
18
16
14
12
Jan. Feb.
15
3
Feb. Mar. Mar. Apr. Apr. May. June. June. July. July.
20
7
25
11
29
16
4
20
10
28
80/88
100
138
Source: USDA, AMS, MNS Daily Price Reports.
Figure 22: Regular storage for Red Delicious, 2000-2001.
Dollars
RS Red Delicious, 2000-2001
17.00
16.00
15.00
14.00
13.00
12.00
11.00
10.00
9.00
8.00
9/6
9/20
10/4
10/18
80-88s
Source: Ibid.
11/1
11/15 11/29 12/13 12/27
100s
138s
1/10
Figure 23: CA storage for Red Delicious, 2000-2001.
CA Red Delicious, 2000-2001
Dollars
16.00
14.00
12.00
10.00
8.00
1/17
2/17
3/17
4/17
80-88s
5/17
100s
6/17
7/17
138s
Source: Ibid.
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
19
80
19
90
19
91
19
92
19
93
19
94
19
95
19
96
19
97
19
98
19
99
20
00
20
01
US Orgnaic Food Sales
(billion $)
Figure 24: Organic food sales at retail in the U.S.
Source: Organic Trade Association.
Figure 25: Trends in organic farm acres (certified plus transition) in Washington
State.**
50000
Total Acreage (C+T)
39830
40000
34113
31860
32554
2002
2003
29291
30000
21378
20000
10000
8714
9751
1995
1996
12003
0
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
* 2002 Change in data source.
**Unpublished data. Source: Washington Dept. of Agriculture Organic Food Program.
Figure 26: Growth of organic apple acreage in Washington State.**
9000
8000
7000
Area (ac)
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
Certified
2003
2002
2001
2000
1999
1998
1997
1996
1995
1994
1993
1992
1991
1990
1989
1988
0
Transitional
* 1999 - Alar
1994 – Mating disruption
** Updated the original figure from: Granatstein, D. and E. Kirby. 2002. “Current Trends in
Organic Tree Fruit Production.” CSANR Report No. 4, WSU.
http://wrganic.tfrec.wsu.edu/OrganicIFP/OrganicFruitProduction/current_trends.pdf.
Figure 27: Price trends for organic and conventional Gala apples in Washington
State.*
$/box FOB
$40
$30
$20
$10
$0
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
organic
conventional
* Updated the original figure from: Granatstein, D. and E. Kirby. 2002. “Current Trends in
Organic Tree Fruit Production.” CSANR Report No. 4, WSU.
http://wrganic.tfrec.wsu.edu/OrganicIFP/OrganicFruitProduction/current_trends.pdf.
Figure 28: Washington warehouse shares.
WASHINGTON WAREHOUSE SHARES
60
50
TOP 5
30
TOP 10
TOP 20
%
40
20
10
86
88
90
92
YEAR
94
96
Figure 29: Projected warehouse shares.
PROJECTED WAREHOUSE SHARES
%
80
60
40
20
0
1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010
Top 5
Top 10
Top 20
YEAR
Figure 30: Estimated packing cost relationships. System: conventional versus
presize (small, medium and large).
2.4
2.0
1.6
1.2
.8
.4
0
550,00
0
350,00
0
System 1
4
750,00
0
System 2
Small
Medium
L
950,00
0
1,150,0
00
System 3
1,350,0
00
System
1,550,0
00
1,750,0
00
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