TEACHING AIDS/MEDIA ANI SETYANINGSIH

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TEACHING
AIDS/MEDIA
ANI SETYANINGSIH
[email protected]
Page 1
Discuss the Answers of These
Questions
1. What is meant by teaching aid?
2. Why should teachers need teaching
aids?
3. Mention kinds of teaching aids you
know.
Page 2
Teaching Aids
any device, object, or machine used by a
teacher to clarify or enliven a subject
Page 3
WHY MEDIA????:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
To simplify the process of language learning.
To reduce the use of mother tongue
To motivate the students
To explain the new concept, hence, the student
will understand without having difficulty and
misunderstanding
To adjust the perception; in case if the new
concept has a meaning more than one
To increase the quality of learning English.
To make the process of learning more
interesting and interactive.
Page 4
HOW???? (Wright: 1989)
1. Can
we prepare the media easily?
2. Can the media be easy to operate or use
at class?
3. Are the media interesting for students?
4. Is the language used by that media
meaningful and authentic?
5. Do the media develop the students’
ability?
6. What media that easily be found?
Page 5
TYPES OF MEDIA
(1)visual media
(seen & touched)
(2) audio media
( heard)
(3) audio visual media.
(seen, touched, heard)
Page 6
1) Picture
• Ask the students to draw, color and stick
selected pictures based on the topic or cut
disorder picture and glue it into the proper
form
• The teacher may buy various kinds of printed
pictures with interesting color and shape.
2) Tape recorder & cassette
• The teacher chooses certain English songs
and asks the students to listen and imitate
the songs.
• Ask the students to sing a song together.
Page 7
3). Puppet
• The teacher prepares the dolls or hand puppet which are
adapted with the story.
• Puppet show: This show is like "wayang", but it uses a "mini
stage''. It is decorated like the real stage of show.
• The materials can be selected from dolls or cutting
picture which is attached by the stick.
• The teacher select the students as the players of the
show.
4) Folding Paper
• The teacher guides the students to fold the paper to
create something by using a piece of paper, such as a
bird, a ship, or a kite, etc.
• Ask the students to arrange it in a special place/English
corner.
Page 8
5) Plastic clay (plastisin)
• The teacher guides the students to compose
something by using plastic clay (elastic material)
based on the topic of discussion.
6) Real Object/material
• The teacher prepares real object/material, such as
sport tools, cooking tools or material for making a
cake, etc.
• The teacher introduces how to make a simple
procedure in the form of practice, such as how to
make cookies, omelete, etc.
7) Flashcards
• The teacher makes large cards (A4 size) which show a
picture or individual Words in a large printed letter
based on the selected topic.
Page 9
USING TECHNOLOGY (VIDEOS)
• There are a number of authentic sources of
suitable videos, such as Animated stories, TV
children’s programmes, Documentary, Nursery
rhymes, and Self-made videos.
• Video based methodology :
1. Pre-viewing/ Plan
2. While-viewing/ Do
3. Post-viewing/ Review
Page 10
Pre-viewing/Plan
• Contextualizing the video sequence.
• Motivating students to view.
• Focusing the student’s attention on the topic.
• Activating prior knowledge about a topic.
• Making predictions about content and
language.
• Eliciting or pre-teaching key language.
• Explaining the reason for viewing and
purpose of task.
Page 11
While-viewing/Do
1.Global viewing or viewing for general understanding
 Children see a whole video sequence or extract shown straight
through first so they can follow and understand the global
meaning.
 Teacher go back over the sequences or extract and exploit it in
order focus on particular aspect of language and content.
2.Viewing for detail
The following typical activities are taken from Ellis (1997):
 Watch and complete the picture
~ Watch and draw
 Watch and number
~ Watch and write
 Watch and tick
3. Viewing for pleasure
Page 12
Post-viewing/Review
• Provide opportunities for language
presented and practised.
• Provide opportunities to research
further information.
• Play the video again for pleasure.
Page 13
The Internet &
How to Find Helpful Sites
To find worth- while material:
 We need to bear in mind certain criteria and know how to
use search engine and web directories efficiently.
 The best piece of advice is to go on personal
recommendations or sites recommended in books or
journals.
 Sites which include plenty of images will support
children’s understanding of the accompanying text.
Page 14
Criteria for Useful Sites
Accuracy
Authority
Currency
Presentation
Visuals
Sound
Relevance
Usability
Language levels
Education potential
Potential for follow-up
Page 15
 www.tefl.net
 www.countryschool.com/younglearners
.htm
 www.mes-English.com
 www.britishcouncil.com
 www.fun-and-easy-english.org
 www.english-to-go.com
 www.esl4kids.net
 www.lessonplanet.com
 www.theteachersguide.com
Page 16
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