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PTrySICAL EDUCATION
BLOG FOR INSTRUCTIONAL
MEDIA IN DIGITAL
ERA
By
Saryono.
Yo g g ra.ko:rts Stqte Uniu ersitg
ABSTRACI'
so fast. Hotu to teach physical education teachers also
of
information
era
rtigital
JTous
today's
In
in iccordctnri *ith the demands of the Digitat Age. Changes in the uay learning and
;;;;;;e
dffirent. Phgsical Education is a subject
materials in construcring the digital erauillbe
iririi"g
the
appropriate learning media. Digital era
requires
motion
and
interactiue
of
a
/of
*ii"n Jo"t"ins
wiII change the concept oJ
lujp,ortna by Internit technology and aduanced digital hardutare
and easy on the set
learning
ntedium
a
for ffictiue
,|iLni"g in ihysical education tiichers. BIog is
resembles
applicationform_tu,hich
is
a
web.
log
ueb
is
shortfor
Blog
teachers.
ii inyii""t'"dication
ore often published in reuerse
wri.tings
page.
These
public
ueb
posr)
a
(published
oi
ns
o
ii"'ihd"gt
-order
(thi la{est content firit on,l.then-follotued thLeolder content), although not altuays so- This ueb
purpose of the,user's blog is
,it, ,o'n usual6l be acceisedby all Inter-net users according to topic and
of
learning can be fiIled text,
a
medirm
is
blog
The
2oog).
(ittp,//ia.*ikiper)ia.org/wiki/Stog,
be used as,a medium of
can
blog
the
Thus,
tideo
ancl
graphic{,'.sound
fiIe.s.
pii"ljr:"pns,
fiIes
M'any physical education nlouemelTt nrcnampilakan material that can be
iro,rring'"o^"plni".
-rr"ordid
be displayed in the blog are created by physical education teachers.
in uitleoform
"i"itto
is an effectiue learning mediwn and fficient in the current
physical
eclucaiion
of
ibg fn the leaniig
era.
digital
Ke5,'words: physical education blog, instructional media, digital era
INTRODUCTION
ihe d",r"lq,pment of technology and information so quickiy. The r,r'orldlooks to be flat. ' One major
people in ali areas.
contribution of human civiliiltion is changing computer. computer can help
shift in oralParadigm
technology.
computer
trse
of
intense
most
of
the
one
became
sector
Education
of
based tearning an<1the text book is graduaily becoming obso-lete-Gree etlucation major issue, one
or
technologvof
digital
development
make
to
tool
rvhich re<jucethe use of paper as an educational
paperless grew rapicliy.^Ecltrcation currently can _be termeci as cducation in the digital era"assisted^edtication
in the digital era, influencing miiny aspects of education. Physical
bo',,'p.,t".
in
education as a compulsory subject taughi in accorclancemanclatelau's are also affected by changes
physical
follorved
media
rvhen
the
era
this
digital
in
eclucation
piracligm.
.o-p.,t".-b"secl edircational
Ease of a.."rs to information from variotts places and not limited by time to
the changes in learning.
"of
physical education can be accessed at any time uld an1'where'
make th" Iearning
physical education ii u sp".in. learning and iclenticalto the subject motion. Physical education which
aims to educate the student bod.v requires clarity and level of understanding of the material clearly.
in
Material-baseclphysical education is moving more understandable to students vvith a form of media
the
purchase
of
paper
the
and
of
images
the form of pictures and video. Making the media with media
video a little troublesome to explain the material teachersof physical education during PE lessons.The
l"o*ing media and video images are in need for students to help the r,rnderstandingof the learning
materia-I. As for teachers of meclia images and rtdeo are also very helpful for teachers r'vho are
physically unable to give an example. PE,learning media in the digital era is now a critical part of
to
students-becausestudents at this ti-" ru..ounded by digital tools that all sophisticated and easy
and
effective
is
tool
learning
a
as
hardware
the
will
dominate
mini-laptops
the
and
use. Mobile
and cheap too will become paft of life for the studenls to obtain
practical. Internet accessir
"asy
information and communicate. these technological advanceswill affect. the teacher as one source of
in
information in education. A source of informition in the form of teachers' images and videos
medialearning
appropriate
through
all
students
to
submitted
to
be
needs
certainly
physical
education
^By
attending the products of digital devices such as mini-laptops and mobile phones with advanced
and cheaper then the role of subject information becomes
f"ut.r.", with eaiy Internet n*"s
tooli and Internet accesswill dominate the current digital
digital
use
important. Learning media that
products by making and management that is easy and free
.tl"diu
rveb-basecl
of
fo".*
u,
u
W"blog,
the
".o'.
can help telachersin providing learning content through an electronic learning media- Weblog be
through
for
free
register
weblogs
can
Which
teachers.
.ight ctroice and is easy for physical education
th"ecompany's weblog peyediaLasier for-users to pour the contents and ideas in the pages of beautiful
the
ut a int"."rting. WebIog exactly as the physical education learning media weblog smoothly due to
as
an
weblogs
ability to dispiay the i'ata in ihe form of text, images, audio and video. Discussion
article.
peeled
in
this
will
be
physical
materials
education
effecii.relearning medium for teaching
DISCUSSIONS
(oglafutrtaStatz'L)nhrrsirt,:Ministryof "fuutfianfSport, ISOQI,In[onesia
of facufty of SportSciznce
In co[Ia1oration
431
Qacu[t1
Qorumof SportScience
Q)ean
"x :
(onference
onSport2009
of Internationaf
Q\oceefiry
Physical Education
Physical education (often abbreviated Phys. Ed. or P.E.) or gyrnnastics (gym or gym class)is a
course taken during primary and secondary education that encouragesps)'chomotor li:ar:njngin a play
or movement exploration setting. The term physical education is most commonly used to denote they
than
studied
rather
subject
area
participated
in
the
it.(
have
education).
ll'h]'sical
b[!p://en.n'ikipedia.org./wiki
Physically Educated Person A physically educated person FIAS learned skills necessaryto
perform a variety of physical activities; IS physically fiU DOES participate regularly in physical activity;
6XOWS implications of and benefits from involvement in physical activities; and VALUES physical
activity and its contributions to a healthful lifestyle. (National Association for Sport and Physical
http:/f rnrttjc11296<lorgriindcx.php/standardsijnternationalrg92).
Education, AAHPERD,
s!urdardr.
Instructional Media
New paedagogyi+ education The use of computers per se cannot make up for poor pedagory
and content. According to some schools of thought, there are two tlpes of pedagogy, namely
instruction and construction.
It is essential to acknou'ledgethe difference betrveen instruction and constmction. The former is
the approach usually followed by traditional classroom teaching, the latter refers to a way of teaching
that facilitated frill exploitation of the potential of ICT but demands rethinking and a redefinition of
the traditional approachin edrcation as well as of the teacher-student relationsh
rr'*i
it,r:'uJ:,j.,
iff,:, *;: " "-n:
centred l,earner
Interactive
Classroom Activity
Teacher
Diclactic
Teacher Role
Fact
Alrvays expert
Stude4trole
l,istener
Alrvays learner
Collaborator
Sometimesexpert
Instructional emphasis
Facts
Memorization
Concept ofknolvledge
Accumulation of facts
Relationships
Inquiry and Invention
'fransformation
of facts
Demonstration of success
Qtrantilv
Quality of understanding
centred
teller Coliaborator
Sometimes experl
referenced
Norm
Criterion referenced
Multiple-choice items
Teqhnologyuse
Drill and practice
collaboration,
Communication,
information acccss.expression
th" Corl.ttu.tion column of the table above shows many of the terrns that have been identified
as appropriate for describing the nerv roles of teachers and leatners in the computer age. Teachers
become collaborators who centre their activities around the learners which, in turn, are encouragedto
inquiry and invention.
(lrtlp:;';'rtrr-11.uteis.[Lk1..!4-qlirl,'edu(ir[ru:/ii!-&<lLcsl-iqr-bugjsi!]'-rliilg)
The word "media" comes from the Latin u'ord "medium" which means "intermediate" or
"introduction". Furthermore, the media is a means of channeling the messageor information to learn
that the messageconveyedby the sourceto the target or recipient ofthe message(Rahardjo, rg86 +Z).
In - teaching and learning activities, the source of the message is the teacher and the student
recipients. In the process of learning, teaching media is an institution and channeling messagesfrom
the iource ofthe message,in this caseteachers,the recipientsofthe message,in this casestudents.In
the broader boundariesl Miarso (in Rahardjo, 1986:48) provides teaching of media restrictions as all
that can be used to stimulate thoughts, feelings, concerns, and the willingness of students that
encourages learning tedadinya students pads themselves. ln line with the above opinion, Ely (in
as follows:
media in
teaching is
mentions the benefits of
Danim, tg94:r3)
educationai quality by increasing the speed of learning (rate of learning), helping
a. Improving-use
students' learning time as u,ell, reducing the burden of teachers in presenting
teachers to
information and making teachers more focused activities to increase enthusiasm for learning
b. Giving the possibility that education is more individually with the way minimize or reduce tle
traditional teacher contiol and rigid, giving ampie opportunity for children to develop according to his
wanted.
way
he
to
leirn
in
the
ih"*
enable
and
ability
c. Giving a more basic scientific teaching by presenting / teaching program planning and systematic
logic, to develop teaching activities through research, both as a complement or as appheo'
nce'Yog1aftgrta
State'Uniuersity,
lMinistryof (outfi ard Sport,ISOQJ,In[oneria
In cofk1oratiorof ,facuttlof Sport-9cie
432
(Dean
I:acu[t1
QorumofSportScience
F
r
or Sport2o09
of Intenutiondf(onference
eroceefing
d. Teaching can be done steadily due to increasing human capacity to use communication media,
information and data in a more concrete and rational.
medium can
e- I.rc.eosing realization of the closenessof learning (learning immediacy) as the teaching
as well as
the
classroom
the
classroom
outside
and
in
reality
eliminate or"reduce the gap between the
provide direct knowledge'
a
i. C;"i"g the presentation of a broader education, especiaily through the mass media, by utilizing
and^broader events and rare events - present information that is not too, emphasizes the
.o-*oi
limits of spaceand time.
a good learning media must meet several requirements. Media education should increase the
n-,oi,rutiott of learners. The use of the media has the goal of providing motivation to the learners. Also
providing
the media should also encourage learners to remember rvhat you've learned in addition to
and also
feedback
provide
feedback,
to
learners
will
also
enable
new learning stimuli. A good media
practice
correctly.
to
encouragestudents
There aie several criteria to assessthe eff'ectivenessof a media. Hubbard proposed nine criteria to
cost. Costs should bejudged by the results to be achieved
iuage it (Hubbard, 1983). First criteria is the
'*tfr
is the availability of supporting facilities such as
criterion
tn" use of the media. Another
the
abiiity to change, time and effort to prepare, the
size,
brevity,
with
class
electricity, compatibility
learning objectives can be assisted by a media
more
The
is
usability.
last
and'the
complexity,
effect,
that the media the better. (Ouda Teda Ena)
Weblog
L weblog is, literally, a "log" of the rveb - a cliary-stylesite, in which the author (a "blogger")
links to other wJ pages he or she finds interesting using entries posted in reverse chronoiogical order.
The Guardian t"qltirrg-isour variation on the theme: a pick of the bestiournalism from around the web
and the latest news about blogs and their authors.Every weekday we choose a nerv "blog pick" a new'
provide
links to
We
also
timely, intriguing or controversial weblog that has caught our attention.
piece
or
a
comment
Yrlrk'fit'tlcs
Ncrt
of
the
line
leader
it
the
articj-eson current issues in the news Oe
- a set of links
iinklog
The
weblogging.
in
trends
latest
the
and
discuss
in the ZUrDalUelldqpcndcn!)
like.
- is an ever-changing selection of the stories and websites we
i.r the 1"ft-h"ttd .ol*n
digital
are
the
weblogs,
or
(http://nw1a,.gr.rardian.co.uk/technologylzoo4lmay/zo/weblogs)Blogs
iif"rtyl" trend- growing, day after day. On the Internet, blogs are provided free of charge to anyoneIncluding design, hosting so many additional functions ivhich display sr'r'eetenthe blog. Free and easy
such
to apply llUfr:llsirglidsrir!'in_ta.l)logipaLcetrl). In the digital era, ICT provide several_advantages,
of
the
integration
for
of
opportunities
a
multitude
and
o, con,renie.rce,inc."isecl diita channels,
:
From
dimensions'(
viftual
and
physical
)
rv.gttarclian.li:dvl-tcchnologl'/:o
n
i.rlql:,/
lri
- * Bi"g t. .h"tt ior weblog, th" pag" on the rvebsite that rvas originally defined as a web
personal oi noncommercial .rs" time-based log system upload material, but now blogs
as a professional website. Blogs can contain text, images / pictures, videos (vlog),
was developed
^photographs
(photoblog), auclio (podcasting), music (MP:blog), a presentation, simply
animation,
etc.. tn doing Andapun managementno longer requiressintaxhtml, php, asp etc.. all
online cliar-ies,
provided by the blog's domain name (website where you create a blog) you just need a little creativity
and a little brain-tweaking to beautify or make your blog more useful.Blog comes from web-logs, which
means the note on the *eb. es long as he says, the blog has the main benefit as uniuk media convey
information. Both the personal silatnya, such as diaries, or can also be used for promotion' Blogs also
can be used to attract -in".. The goai is to attract people to write down his experiences.Horvever, the
use of blogs in Indonesia is still limited. Still not maksimat. A good blog can actually inspire the reader.
A good chlargeof writing can give a good effect too. An example is tie valuable advice or experience.
the netrvork, especiallywith people who have interests and
Th"roughblols, we u." uLo abL to
"optn."
experiencesand information.
exchange
we
can
there
From
same.
hobbiei are the
CONCLUSION
Thus, the blog can be used as a instructional media complete. Many physical education display
materials that can be in motion in the form of video recording can also be displayed in the blog are
created by physical education teachers. Blog in the learning of physical education is an effective
instmctional media and efficient in the current digital era.
RXFEREATCES
httB://en.wikipedia.o*/u'iki/l)h)'sical education
http :/ /samtrderacinta.blogsptr!.s!!1
http :/Jln.l*v.gu ardi an.co.uk/technologr-/zo oa/ m a]2alvcltaCi)
http : //r,nu.n'.ichpcrsd.orgfindex.php/standartlsli nternation al-stand ar'ds.
http://rvn'u,.r.tncsr:otrlil<.org/icl./cclucation,/ict/thcmes/teaglrrnSlgirlljlrg
(oglafutrtaState'l)niversitl,gllinitry of 'Youtfian[ Sport,IIORJ, Infonesia
Irt co[[a6oration
of Oacu[t1of SportScicnce
433
(Dean
$acu[t)
of SportScience
$'orum
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