D O C U M E N T E D B R I E F I N G R Lessons for the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure: International Case Study Analysis Beth E. Lachman, Anny Wong, Debra Knopman, Kim Gavin Prepared for the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI) Secretariat Science and Technology Policy Institute The research described in this report was conducted by RAND’s Science and Technology Policy Institute for the United States Geological Survey under Contract ENG-9812731. ISBN: 0-8330-3141-4 The RAND documented briefing series is a mechanism for timely, easy-to-read reporting of research that has been briefed to the client and possibly to other audiences. Although documented briefings have been formally reviewed, they are not expected to be comprehensive or definitive. In many cases, they represent interim work. RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND ® is a registered trademark. RAND’s publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of its research sponsors. © Copyright 2002 RAND All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form by any electronic or mechanical means (including photocopying, recording, or information storage and retrieval) without permission in writing from RAND. Published 2002 by RAND 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138 1200 South Hayes Street, Arlington, VA 22202-5050 201 North Craig Street, Suite 102, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 RAND URL: http://www.rand.org/ To order RAND documents or to obtain additional information, contact Distribution Services: Telephone: (310) 451-7002; Fax: (310) 451-6915; Email: [email protected] iii Preface This report presents a RAND analysis of international collaboration for the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI). Ten in-depth international and regional collaboration case studies were conducted to assess lessons learned for GSDI development and implementation. This report can provide useful information to the GSDI and regional Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) organizations. It should also be of interest to national governments, nongovernmental organizations, researchers, and others who are interested in international collaboration, geospatial data sharing, and geospatial technologies. The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), the Federal Geographic Data Committee, and the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Secretariat asked RAND to conduct this analysis because of the importance of understanding evolving geospatial data-sharing activities. Funding for this study was originally provided by the Federal Geographic Data Committee, with additional support provided by the Geographical Survey Institute of Japan so that additional case studies could be conducted. This research was conducted by RAND's Science and Technology Policy Institute. Originally created by Congress in 1991 as the Critical Technologies Institute and renamed in 1998, the Science and Technology Policy Institute is a U.S. federally funded research and development center sponsored by the National Science Foundation and managed by RAND, a non-profit organization dedicated to policy analysis and research in the public interest. The Institute's mission is to help improve public policy by conducting objective, independent research and analysis on policy issues that involve science and technology.