# Math 4600, Homework 4 ```Math 4600, Homework 4
1. Looking at the following bifurcation diagram sketch a time course of x if initially &micro; = 4, x = 3, then &micro; is
slowly decreased to 1.5 and increased back to 4. Trace the same trajectory on the bifurcation diagram as well.
3.5
3
2.5
2
x*
1.5
1
0.5
0
−0.5
−1
0
1
2
&micro;
3
4
2. Imagine that you have a cell with capacitance C = 1, and only one ionic current IL with constant conductance gL = 30 and the reversal potential VL = −60 mV.
a) Write the current-balance equation. Find steady state voltage. Solve the equation analytically with initial
condition V0 = −70 mV. Plot the solution. What is the behavior of voltage as time goes on?
b) Let’s say we have expressed another type of channel, which produces a currrent IM with a constant conductance gM and the reversal potential VM = 0 mV. Find the steady state voltage in this model with two currents
for gM =.1, 30 and 100. Which current dominates in each of the cases?
3. (computing) Suppose you have a cell with two voltage-gated currents: IT and IK :
IT = ḡT mh(V − VT )
IK = ḡK (V − VK )
where VT = 0 mV, VK = −70 mV, m is fast, h is slower, ḡT and ḡK have similar values,
m∞ (V ) =
1
,
1 + e(Vhalf,m −V )/βm
h∞ (V ) =
1
,
1 + e−(Vhalf,h −V )/βh
Vhalf,m = −70, βm = 1, Vhalf,h = −80, βh = 1.
a) Plot activation and incativation curves of IT . What happens when you vary Vhalf,m ? βm ?
b) Suppose the voltage is kept at −70mV. What would be the approximate values of the currents? What is the
resting potential of this cell?
c) What will happen if V is brought from rest down to −80mV, held there for a while, and then released?
Sketch the time courses of m, h, IT , IK and V . This effect is called post-inhibitory rebound - when a cell can
be activated (depolarized) by am inhibitory (negative) signal.
1
```