# Linear Algebra 2270 Midterm 1 group A Axioms of real numbers [R: ```Linear Algebra 2270
Midterm 1
group A
Axioms of real numbers [R:
For any x, y, z E tR:
RA1) x+y=y+x
RA2) (x+y)+z=y+(x+z)
RA3) there is a natural element of addition denoted by 0, such that for any x e
x+0=x
RA4)
RA5)
RA6)
RA7)
there is an additive inverse —x such that x + (—x) = 0
x•y=y•x
(x.y).z=y.(x.z)
there is a natural element of multiplication denoted by 1, such that for any x
E
fi:
x1=x
RA8) If x * 0, there is a multiplicative inverse
RA9) x.(y+z) =xy+xz
such that x•
()
=
1
Solve four out of six problems below. If you attempt to solve more than four
problems, mark the ones that you want to be graded.
1. Balance the following chemical reaction (i.e. find numbers to be put in the place of
the number of Al, 0 and C atoms are the same on both sides of the reaction):
--
3
0
2
A1
+
--
C
-*
--
Al
+
--
““
such that
2
CO
Hint: For each compound construct a vector that lists the number of atoms of Al, 0, C. And then
write a linear system with one equation for atom.
2. Check if the following vectors are linearly independent or not. If they are dependent, find a linear
combination that is equal to U, but has not all coefficients equal to 0.
0
= 2
1
v
1
,
1
2
1
V2
,
V3=
—1
2
5
3. Row reduce the following augmented matrix and write the solution set in the parametric form,
i.e. find vectors qo, q,. . , q c fifl such that the solution set is
.
{u=qo +aiqi
1
0
2
—2
—2
—2
+...
1
1
0
+aq:
1
—1
1
(1)
al,...,ak c
—1
4
5
I
I
2
1
—1
4. Write definitions for the following:
(a) Let V be a vector space. Let v
,..
1
dent?
,
v e V. What does it mean for vl,.
..
,
v to be indepen
(b) How is the addition and scalar vector multiplication defined in the space of functions
=
1
{f
:
-*
5. For sets A, B, the sum of those two sets A
u
a’ c Au B
B is defined as
—
a’ e
A or
a’ e
B
Let V be a vector space and TV
. TV
1
2 its two subspaces. Is it true in general that TV
1 u TV
2 is a
subspace. If you think it is true, prove it. If you think it is not true, give a example of V 1
TV TV
,
2
for which it is not true.
that in the original version of the problem there was an error, which has been spotted during
the exam. The error was that ‘or” was replaced by “and”)
(J\Totice
6. Consider a space of functions l. Using the axioms of real numbers and the definition of vector
addition and scalar-vector multiplication in , prove that for any f e fi, c, d E
c.(d’f)
=
(c.d)’f
Do one step at a time and state clearly what axiom or definition you use at each step.
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