# Let us consider a circuit with two energy storage elements. ... concentrate on finding the initial conditions of the circuit.

```Let us consider a circuit with two energy storage elements. In this problem, we
concentrate on finding the initial conditions of the circuit.
For the circuit shown below, the switch has been opened for a long time and it is closes at
t=0. Determine the initial values of the inductor and capacitor voltages and currents.
i L (0  ) , vL (0  ) , ic (0  ) , vc (0  ) .
10 kΩ t  0
20 kΩ
10 mH
_
+ vL
iL
80 V
+
+
_
1 &micro;F
_
vC
iC
+
40 V
_
An instantaneously change in inductor current is impossible because the infinite voltage
diL
would be required. This means the inductor current must be continuous. v L  L
dt




i L (0 )  i L (0 ) vc (0 )  vc (0 ) .
Electric charge in a capacitor can not change instantaneously. So q(t) must be continuous
over time. Recall that q(t)=Cv(t). Thus the voltage across a capacitor cannot change
instantaneously.
Let’s take a look on the circuit immediately before the switching. The circuit is in steady
state mode since the source is dc and the switch has been open for a long time. So the
capacitor behaves as open circuit and the inductor behaves as a short circuit.
t&lt;0
20 kΩ
+
+
1 &micro;F
iC
vC
_
iL (0  )  i L (0  )  0 vc (0  )  vc (0  )  40V
10 mH _
vL
iL
_
+
40 V
10 kΩ t &gt; 0
80 V
+
_
20 kΩ
+
1 &micro;F
iC
KVL loop 1: voltage drop +
 80  10i(0  )  (40)  0 i(0  )  12mA
ic (0  )  i(0  )  12mA
KVL loop 1: voltage drop:
 (40)  20  0  v L (0  )  0
v L (0  )  0V
vC
_
10 mH
_
+ vL
iL
_
+
40 V
```