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HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
9
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
Typical Applications
Features
The HMC454ST89 / HMC454ST89E is ideal for
applications requiring a high dynamic range amplifier:
Output IP3: +40 to +42 dBm
• GSM, GPRS & EDGE
50% PAE @ +28 dBm Pout
• CDMA & W-CDMA
+17.5 dBm W-CDMA Channel [email protected] -45 dBc ACP
• CATV/Cable Modem
Single +5V Supply
• Fixed Wireless & WLL
Industry Standard SOT89 Package
Gain: 12.5 dB @ 2150 MHz
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
Included in the HMC-DK002 Designer’s Kit
Functional Diagram
General Description
The HMC454ST89 & HMC454ST89E are high dynamic
range GaAs InGaP Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor
(HBT) ½ watt MMIC amplifiers operating between 0.4
and 2.5 GHz. Packaged in a low cost industry standard
SOT89, the amplifier gain is typically 17.8 dB from 0.8
to 1.0 GHz and 12.5 dB from 1.8 to 2.2 GHz. Utilizing a
minimum number of external components and a single
+5V supply, the amplifier output IP3 can be optimized
to +40 dBm at 0.9 GHz or +42 dBm at 2.0 GHz. The
high output IP3 and PAE makes the HMC454ST89 an
ideal driver amplifier for Cellular/PCS/3G, WLL, ISM
and Fixed Wireless applications.
Electrical Specifi cations, TA = +25°C, Vs= +5V [1]
Parameter
Min.
Frequency Range
Gain
Typ.
Max.
Min.
824 - 960
16
Gain Variation Over Temperature
17.8
0.008
Typ.
Max.
Min.
1800 - 2000
11
0.016
12.5
0.008
Typ.
Max.
2000 - 2200
11
0.016
MHz
12.5
0.008
Units
dB
0.016
dB / °C
Input Return Loss
9
7
12
Output Return Loss
13
21
19
dB
27.5
dBm
Output Power for 1dB Compression (P1dB)
22
Saturated Output Power (Psat)
Output Third Order Intercept (IP3) [2]
Noise Figure
Supply Current (Icq)
24.5
24
25.5
37
24
28.5
40
38
8
150
27
41
38
6.5
175
150
dB
28.5
dBm
42
dBm
5.2
175
150
dB
175
mA
[1] Specifications and data reflect HMC454ST89 measured using the respective application circuits for each designated frequency band found
herein. Contact the HMC Applications Group for assistance in optimizing performance for your application.
[2] Two-tone input power of 0 dBm per tone, 1 MHz spacing.
9 - 190
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
Gain vs. Temperature @ 900 MHz
25
20
20
19
15
18
17
S21
S11
S22
5
0
-5
13
-15
11
0.6
0.7
0.8 0.9
1
1.1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
1.2
1.3
1.4
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
1.1
1.2
1.1
1.2
Output Return Loss
vs. Temperature @ 900 MHz
0
0
RETURN LOSS (dB)
-5
-10
-15
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
-20
-25
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
-5
-10
-15
-20
0.8
0.9
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
1.1
1.2
P1dB vs. Temperature @ 900 MHz
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Psat vs. Temperature @ 900 MHz
30
30
29
29
28
28
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
27
PSAT (dBm)
27
26
25
24
26
25
24
23
23
22
22
21
21
20
0.7
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
10
0.5
Input Return Loss
vs. Temperature @ 900 MHz
0.7
9
14
12
0.4
RETURN LOSS (dB)
15
-10
-20
P1dB (dBm)
16
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
10
GAIN (dB)
RESPONSE (dB)
Broadband Gain
& Return Loss @ 900 MHz
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
20
0.8
0.9
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
1.1
1.2
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
1.1
1.2
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
9 - 191
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
Output IP3 vs. Temperature @ 900 MHz
Noise Figure vs. Temperature @ 900 MHz
15
43
14
42
13
NOISE FIGURE (dB)
44
9
IP3 (dBm)
41
40
39
38
37
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
36
9
8
5
0.8
0.9
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
1.1
1.2
0.7
0
-5
-10
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
-15
-20
-25
-30
-35
-40
0.8
0.8
0.9
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
1.1
1.2
Gain, Power & Output IP3
vs. Supply Voltage @ 900 MHz
GAIN (dB), P1dB (dBm), PSAT (dBm), IP3 (dBm)
Reverse Isolation
vs. Temperature @ 900 MHz
0.9
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
1.1
1.2
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
GAIN
P1dB
10
PSAT
IP3
5
4.5
4.75
5
Vs (V)
5.25
5.5
ACPR vs. Supply Voltage @ 880 MHz
CDMA IS95, 9 Channels Forward
-30
-35
CDMA IS95
Frequency : 880 MHz
Integration BW: 1.228 MHz
Forward Link, 9 Channels
-40
-45
ACPR (dBc)
ISOLATION (dB)
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
10
6
34
0.7
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
11
7
35
0.7
12
-50
4.5V
5.0V
-55
-60
5.5V
-65
-70
-75
Source ACPR
-80
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Channel Output Power (dBm)
9 - 192
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
Gain vs. Temperature @ 1960 MHz
25
15
20
14
15
13
10
12
S21
S11
S22
0
-5
9
8
-15
7
-20
6
9
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
5
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2
2.2 2.4
FREQUENCY (GHz)
2.6
2.8
3
Input Return Loss
vs. Temperature @ 1960 MHz
1.7
2.1
2.2
2.1
2.2
-5
RETURN LOSS (dB)
-10
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
-15
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
-10
-15
-20
-25
-20
1.8
1.9
2
FREQUENCY (GHz)
2.1
1.7
2.2
P1dB vs. Temperature @ 1960 MHz
1.8
1.9
2
FREQUENCY (GHz)
Psat vs. Temperature @ 1960 MHz
32
32
31
31
30
30
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
29
PSAT (dBm)
29
28
27
26
28
27
26
25
25
24
24
23
23
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
22
22
1.7
1.9
2
FREQUENCY (GHz)
0
-5
1.7
1.8
Output Return Loss
vs. Temperature @ 1960 MHz
0
RETURN LOSS (dB)
10
-10
-25
P1dB (dBm)
11
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
5
GAIN (dB)
RESPONSE (dB)
Broadband Gain
& Return Loss @ 1960 MHz
1.8
1.9
2
FREQUENCY (GHz)
2.1
2.2
1.7
1.8
1.9
2
FREQUENCY (GHz)
2.1
2.2
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
9 - 193
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
Output IP3 vs. Temperature @ 1960 MHz
10
43
9
42
8
NOISE FIGURE (dB)
44
40
39
38
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
37
5
4
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
3
2
1
0
1.8
1.9
2
FREQUENCY (GHz)
2.1
2.2
0
-5
+25 C
+85 C
-40 C
-15
-20
-25
1.7
1.8
1.8
1.9
2
FREQUENCY (GHz)
2.1
2.2
Gain, Power & Output IP3
vs. Supply Voltage @ 1960 MHz
Reverse Isolation
vs. Temperature @ 1960 MHz
-10
1.7
1.9
2
FREQUENCY (GHz)
2.1
2.2
ACPR vs. Supply Voltage @ 1.96 GHz
CDMA 2000, 9 Channels Forward
GAIN (dB), P1dB (dBm), PSAT (dBm), IP3 (dBm)
1.7
ISOLATION (dB)
6
35
45
40
35
30
25
GAIN
P1dB
20
PSAT
IP3
15
10
5
4.5
4.75
5
Vs (V)
5.25
5.5
ACPR vs. Supply Voltage @ 2.14 GHz
W-CDMA, 64 DPCH
-30
-40
-45
CDMA2000 Rev. 8
Frequency : 1.96 GHz
Integration BW: 1.228 MHz
Forward Link, SRI, 9 CHANNELS
-50
-35
WCDMA
Frequency : 2.14 GHz
Integration BW: 3.84 MHz
64 DPCH
-40
ACPR (dBc)
-55
4.5V
-60
5.0V
-65
5.5V
-70
-45
4.5V
-50
5.0V
-55
5.5V
-60
-75
-65
-80
Source ACPR
Source ACPR
-70
-85
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
Channel Output Power (dBm)
9 - 194
7
36
34
ACPR (dBc)
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
IP3 (dBm)
41
9
Noise Figure
vs. Temperature @ 1960 MHz
18
20
22
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Channel Output Power (dBm)
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
Absolute Maximum Ratings
+6.0 Vdc
RF Input Power (RFIN)(Vs = +5Vdc)
+25 dBm
Junction Temperature
150 °C
Continuous Pdiss (T = 85 °C)
(derate 13.6 mW/°C above 85 °C)
0.890 W
Thermal Resistance
(junction to ground paddle)
73 °C/W
Storage Temperature
-65 to +150 °C
Operating Temperature
-40 to +85 °C
ELECTROSTATIC SENSITIVE DEVICE
OBSERVE HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
9
Outline Drawing
NOTES:
1. LEADFRAME MATERIAL: COPPER ALLOY
2. DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS].
3. DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE MOLDFLASH OF 0.15mm PER SIDE.
4. DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE MOLDFLASH OF 0.25mm PER SIDE.
5. ALL GROUND LEADS MUST BE SOLDERED TO PCB RF GROUND.
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
Collector Bias Voltage (Vcc)
Package Information
Part Number
Package Body Material
Lead Finish
MSL Rating
HMC454ST89
Low Stress Injection Molded Plastic
Sn/Pb Solder
MSL1
HMC454ST89E
RoHS-compliant Low Stress Injection Molded Plastic
100% matte Sn
MSL1
Package Marking [3]
[1]
H454
XXXX
[2]
H454
XXXX
[1] Max peak reflow temperature of 235 °C
[2] Max peak reflow temperature of 260 °C
[3] 4-Digit lot number XXXX
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
9 - 195
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
Pin Descriptions
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
9
Pin Number
Function
Description
1
RFIN
This pin is AC coupled.
Off chip matching components are required.
See Application Circuit herein.
3
RFOUT
RF output and DC Bias input for the output amplifier stage.
Off chip matching components are required.
See Application Circuit herein.
2,4
GND
These pins & package bottom must be connected to
RF/DC ground.
900 MHz Application Circuit, Compact Layout
This circuit was used to specify the performance for 894-960 MHz operation. This circuit will satisfy many applications
from 700 to 1200 MHz. Contact the HMC Applications Group for assistance in optimizing performance for your
application.
TL1
Recommended Component Values
50 Ohm
L1, L2
1 nH
Physical Length
0.050”
L3
36 nH
Electrical Length
2.5°
R1
5.1 Ohms
PCB Material: 10 mil Rogers 4350,
Er = 3.48
C1
8 pF
Impedance
9 - 196
Interface Schematic
C2
22 pF
C3
2.7 pF
C4, C6
100 pF
C5
2.2 μF
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
900 MHz Evaluation PCB
List of Materials for Evaluation PCB 107755 [1]
Item
Description
J1 - J2
PCB Mount SMA Connector
J3 -J4
DC Pins
C1
8 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C2
22 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C3
2.7 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C4, C6
100 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C5
2.2 μF Capacitor, Tantalum
L1, L2
1 nH Inductor, 0402 Pkg.
L3
36 nH Inductor, 0402 Pkg.
R1
5.1 Ohms
U1
HMC454ST89 / HMC454ST89E
Linear Amp
PCB [2]
107753 Evaluation PCB, 10 mils
The circuit board used in this application should use
RF circuit design techniques. Signal lines should
have 50 Ohm impedance while the package ground
leads and exposed paddle should be connected
directly to the ground plane similar to that shown.
A sufficient number of via holes should be used to
connect the top and bottom ground planes. The
evaluation board should be mounted to an appropriate heat sink. The evaluation circuit board shown
is available from Hittite upon request.
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
9
[1] Reference this number when ordering complete evaluation PCB
[2] Circuit Board Material: Rogers 4350, Er = 3.48
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
9 - 197
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
1960 & 2140 MHz Application Circuit
This circuit was used to specify the performance for 1800-2000 and 2000-2200 MHz operation. This circuit will
satisfy many applications from 1700 to 2500 MHz. Contact the HMC Applications Group for assistance in optimizing
performance for your application.
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
9
9 - 198
TL1
TL2
T3
TL4
Recommended Component Values
50 Ohm
50 Ohm
50 Ohm
50 Ohm
L1
8.2 nH
Physical Length
0.32”
0.10”
0.07”
0.17”
C1
1 pF
Electrical Length
34°
11°
8°
18.5°
C2
1.2 pF
C3
3 pF
C4
100 pF
C5
2.2 μF
Impedance
PCB Material: 10 mil Rogers 4350, Er = 3.48
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
1960 & 2140 MHz Evaluation PCB
List of Materials for Evaluation PCB 107749 [1]
Item
Description
J1 - J2
PCB Mount SMA Connector
J3 - J4
DC Pins
C1
1.0 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C2
1.2 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C3
3.0 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C4
100 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C5
2.2 μF Capacitor, Tantalum
L1
8.2 nH Inductor, 0402 Pkg.
U1
HMC454ST89 / HMC454ST89E
PCB [2]
107747 Evaluation PCB, 10 mils
The circuit board used in this application should use
RF circuit design techniques. Signal lines should
have 50 Ohm impedance while the package ground
leads and exposed paddle should be connected
directly to the ground plane similar to that shown.
A sufficient number of via holes should be used to
connect the top and bottom ground planes. The
evaluation board should be mounted to an appropriate heat sink. The evaluation circuit board shown
is available from Hittite upon request.
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
9
[1] Reference this number when ordering complete evaluation PCB
[2] Circuit Board Material: Rogers 4350, Er = 3.48
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
9 - 199
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
Alternative 900 MHz Application Circuit, Optimal OIP3 Layout
This alternate application circuit for 900 MHz applications features a resonating I/O structure on the PCB that, while
using more PCB area, will improve output IP3 from +40 dBm to +42 dBm. This circuit will satisfy many applications
from 700 to 1200 MHz as the typical performance below demonstrates. Contact the HMC Applications Group for
assistance in optimizing performance for your application.
Recommended Component Values
TL1
TL2
TL3
50 Ohm
50 Ohm
50 Ohm
Physical Length
0.35”
0.05”
0.53”
Electrical Length
18°
2.5°
27°
Impedance
PCB Material: 10 mil Rogers 4350, Er = 3.48
Broadband Gain & Return Loss
IP3 (dBm), P1dB (dBm)
15
10
S21
S11
S22
5
0
-5
4 pF
C2, C6
10 pF
C3
3 pF
C4
100 pF
C5
2.2 μF
45
40
IP3
P1dB
35
30
25
-10
-15
9 - 200
18 nH
50
20
0.4
L1
C1
Output IP3 & P1dB
25
RESPONSE (dB)
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
9
20
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8 0.9
1
1.1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
1.2
1.3
1.4
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
FREQUENCY (GHz)
1.1
1.2
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC454ST89 / 454ST89E
v05.0710
InGaP HBT ½ WATT HIGH IP3
AMPLIFIER, 0.4 - 2.5 GHz
Alternate 900 MHz Evaluation PCB
List of Materials
Item
Description
J1 - J2
PCB Mount SMA Connector
J3 - J4
DC Pins
C1
4 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C2, C6
10 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C3
3.0 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C4
100 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg
L1
18 nH Inductor, 0402 Pkg.
U1
HMC454ST89 / HMC454ST89E
PCB*
107750 Evaluation PCB, 10 mils
The circuit board used in this application should use
RF circuit design techniques. Signal lines should
have 50 Ohm impedance while the package ground
leads and exposed paddle should be connected
directly to the ground plane similar to that shown.
A sufficient number of via holes should be used to
connect the top and bottom ground planes. The
evaluation board should be mounted to an appropriate heat sink. The evaluation circuit board shown
is available from Hittite upon request.
AMPLIFIERS - LINEAR & POWER - SMT
9
* Circuit Board Material: Rogers 4350, Er = 3.48
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
9 - 201
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