Study Guide Chapter 4 1. Def of solvent and solute

Study Guide Chapter 4 - Chemical Reactions
1. Def of solvent and solute
2. Talk about the structure of water
3. What happens to ionic compounds in solution?
4. Strong vs weak vs non-electrolytes
Strong - Strong acids, Strong bases, Soluble salts
5. Molarity
M = mol/V; MV = mol;
6. Types of reactions
7. How to predict outcome of precipitation reaction
1. Mix and match cations and anions
2. Find the guy that is not soluble
A. NO3- soluble
B. Li,Na,K,Cs,Rb, NH3 soluble
C. Cl,Br,I usually soluble, but not with Ag+,Pb2+ , or Hg 22+
D. Most OH not soluble except Na, K; Ba, Sr, Ca slightly
E. S 2-, CO32-, CrO42-, PO43-, slightly sol
8. Molecular equation vs complete ionic equation vs net ionic equation
9. Acid-Base reactions
A. Def of Acid and Base (proton Donor and acceptor)
B. What is a neutralization reaction
C. Calculate how much strong acid neutralizes a strong base M1V1 = M2V2
10. Basics of volumetric analysis
A. Concepts like titration, indicator, primary standard, secondary standard,
difference between endpoint and equivalence point.
B. Calculate equivalence points for different acid/base titrations
11.Oxidation Reactions
A. What is a redox reaction
B. Find oxidation state of atoms (rules table 4.2 page 167)
C. Balance redox reactions in acid (Steps 1-5 page 173)
D. Balance Redox reactions in base (add OH- to both sides of equation)