# Math 414: Analysis I Homework 2 Due: February 3rd, 2014 Name:

```Math 414: Analysis I
Homework 2
Due: February 3rd, 2014
Name:
The following problems are for additional practice and are not to be turned in: (All
problems come from Basic Analysis, Lebl )
Exercises: 1.1.1, 1.1.3, 1.1.4, 1.1.5, 1.2.1, 1.2.2, 1.2.5, 1.2.8, 1.2.10
Turn in the following problems.
1. (a) Show that if x, y are rational numbers, then x + y and xy are rational numbers.
(b) Prove that if x is a rational number and y is an irrational number, then x + y is
an irrational number. If, in addition, x 6= 0, then show that xy is an irrational
number.
2. If 0 ≤ a &lt; b, show that a2 ≤ ab &lt; b2 . Show by example that it does not follow
that a2 &lt; ab &lt; b2 .
3. Let a, b ∈ R. Suppose that for every &gt; 0, we have a ≤ b + . Show that a ≤ b.
4. (a) Let S1 := {x ∈ R : x ≥ 0}. Show in detail that S1 has lower bounds, but no
upper bounds. Show that inf S1 = 0.
(b) Now let S2 := {x ∈ R : x &gt; 0}. Does S2 have lower bounds? upper bounds?
5. Let S be a nonempty subset of R that is bounded below. Prove that inf S =
− sup {−s : s ∈ S} .
6. Let S S
⊂ R and suppose that s∗ := sup S belongs to S. If u ∈
/ S, show that
sup (S {u}) = sup {s∗ , u}.
7. Exercise 1.1.2 from Basic Analysis, Lebl. (Without loss of generality, you can prove
just the existence of sup A.)
Hint: Use induction and the preceding exercise.
8. Exercise 1.2.7 from Basic Analysis, Lebl.
9. Exercise 1.2.9 from Basic Analysis, Lebl.
1
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