BIOMS Seminar Friday, April 28th 3pm McKinly 337, refreshments and Pokemon prior Peter Barrance, Ph.D. Post-doctoral Researcher Center for Biomedical Engineering Research Title: Measuring Small Scale Changes in Knee Kinematics with MRI Based Modeling Abstract: Rupture of the knee's anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most commonly occurring musculoskeletal injuries in the United States. The development of osteoarthritis (OA) in young, active populations after this injury has been widely reported, even after surgical reconstruction of the ligament followed by rehabilitation. Post-injury changes in joint kinematics that alter articular cartilage load distributions have been implicated in OA progression. With the goal of accurately measuring such changes, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based geometric modeling method to measure knee kinematics during an active, dynamic knee extension was developed and validated. Results of studies of knee kinematics in ACL-injured subjects (both presurgical non-copers and conservatively treated copers) will be presented. Recently, we have focused research effort on the development of methodology to measure joint positioning - including areas of cartilage surface proximity - using techniques that allow imaging during weight bearing. The early experience and results from this work will be described.