The Greenest Building in the World? Text T E KUBALA WAS

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The Greenest Building in the World?
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
Let’s be clear about this!
The Greenest Building in the World?
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
The Greenest Building in the World?
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
The Greenest Building in the World?
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
The Greenest Building in the World?
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
The Greenest Building in the World?
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
How to Make a Zero Net Energy Building
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
1. See Collaboration as Normal
Build a solid team with the Owner
Commissioning Agent:
Ron Perkins, Supersymmetry USA
Energy Modeling:
Dave Bradley,TESS
Environmental Coordination:
Michael Utzinger, Helios Design
Construction:
Greg Tucek, Oscar J. Boldt Construction Co.
System Controls:
Bob Hines,Triad
Mechanical Electrical Plumbing:
Bob Eliopolous, Matrix Mechanical Solutions
Electrical Engineering:
Tom Pfefferkorn, Powrtek
Structural Engineering:
Bob Gilomen, Komp/Gilomen
Landscape Architecture:
Misa Inoue and Marcy Huffaker
Sustainable/LEED Consultant
Theresa Lehman, Boldt Technical Services
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
2. Strive for Wholeness
Form Consensus around an Articulated Vision
In General, Avoid Compartmentalization
Wholeness vs. Parts
Holistic vs. Analytical Mode of Consciousness
Buck the Trend
Develop a Pattern Language
Understand the “Land Ethic”
Read the Site
Listen to Stories
Obtain High Quality Feedback
Clearly Written Patterns = Quality Feedback
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
3. Interweave Sustainability
LEED
Efficiency is not Separate from Use...or Beauty
• Sustainable Sites
• Water Efficiency
• Energy & Atmosphere
• Materials & Resources
• Indoor Environmental Quality
• Innovation & Design Process
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
4. Develop a Pattern Language
With Wholeness as a Guide
Center to Area Connection
1. The Land Ethic
2. Thread to a Pre-Settlement Ecology
3. Portals to the Legacy
4. Home Base
5. Local Material
6. Window to the Sun
7. Rain is Treasure
8. Wall of Noise
9. Fresh Air Naturally
10. No Such Thing as Waste
Building to Land Connection
11. Park and Hide
12. Electric Roof
13. Positive Outdoor Space
14. Building Cluster
15. Forward Garden
16. Welcome Garden
17. Sheltered Edges
18. Gathering Under a Tree
19. Seed Gathering Hall
20. Dialogue House
21. Inside-Out House
22. Leopold Memorial Trailhead
Building Internal
23. Comfort Gradient
24. Acoustic Variation
25. Don’t Turn on that Light!
26. Never too Far from Outdoors
27. Mudroom In-Between
28. Leopold Reading Room
29. Archival Core
30. Deep in Dialogue
31. Working Home
32. Personal Home-Base
33. The Exec’s Parlor
34. Intern Niches
35. Kitchen Alcove
36. Copy Cell
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
Construction Process
37. Small Machines
38. Strike While Dormant
39. A Healthy Fear of Landfills
40. Scrap Bank
41. Posting a Scrounge List
Details
42. Rough Trim
Daily Work
43. Working at Low Power
44. Connected Through Record Keeping
45. From Tree to Stove
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
4. Develop a Pattern Language
With Wholeness as a Guide
Center to Area Connection
1. The Land Ethic
2. Thread to a Pre-Settlement Ecology
3. Portals to the Legacy
4. Home Base
5. Local Materials
6. Window to the Sun
7. Rain is Treasure
8. Wall of Noise
9. Fresh Air Naturally
10. No Such Thing as Waste
Building to Land Connection
11. Park and Hide
12. Electric Roof
13. Positive Outdoor Space
14. Building Cluster
15. Forward Garden
16. Welcome Garden
17. Sheltered Edges
18. Gathering Under a Tree
19. Seed Gathering Hall
20. Dialogue House
21. Inside-Out House
22. Leopold Memorial Trailhead
Building Internal
23. Comfort Gradient
24. Acoustic Variation
25. Don’t Turn on that Light!
26. Never too Far from Outdoors
27. Mudroom In-Between
28. Leopold Reading Room
29. Archival Core
30. Deep in Dialogue
31. Working Home
32. Personal Home-Base
33. The Exec’s Parlor
34. Intern Niches
35. Kitchen Alcove
36. Copy Cell
Construction Process
37. Small Machines
38. Strike While Dormant
39. A Healthy Fear of Landfills
40. Scrap Bank
41. Posting a Scrounge List
Details
42. Rough Trim
Daily Work
43. Working at Low Power
44. Connected Through Record Keeping
45. From Tree to Stove
Sustainable Patterns Interwoven
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
4. Develop a Pattern Language
With Wholeness as a Guide
Pattern #5
Local Materials
Issue Statement
Modernity has assumed it is OK to use
building materials from anywhere in the
world. On the other hand, a wide use of
locally available materials has many
benefits on multiple levels.
L
Solution Statement
Promise to only utilize materials that are
available within a 500-mile radius,
preferably those that are present on ALF
land. Do not ship local materials out of
the area for fabrication or refinement, and
strive to do as little processing as
possible. The acquisition process for
local materials must be regenerative, i.e.
the place where materials are removed
must be better off after the acquisition
than before.
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
5. Seek Available Energy
Solar Leads the Way
ENERGY
BUDGET
Solar Strategies
Photovoltaic (38 KW peak production)
Passive (Thermal Flux Zone)
Active (Water Heating)
6.27
Other Strategies
kilowatt hours
Geothermal (Air & Water)
per square foot
Wood
per year
The Center’s Area is
8,932 s.f.
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
6. Control Demand
Conservation is Number One
Architectural Design
•Orientation / Shading / Comfort Gradient
•Daylighting / Natural Ventilation
•Insulation / Infiltration
Heating & Cooling Systems
•Ground Source Heat Pump
•Winter: 3 for 1 / Summer: 5 for 1
•Warm & Cool Floor Slab
•Wood Fire
Ventilation Systems
•Separate from H/C=less air req’d
•Earth Tubes/Heat Recovery
•Displacement Ventilation
Water Heating System
Computers
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
6. Control Demand
Architectural Design
•Orientation / Shading / Comfort Gradient
Forward Garden
Exhibits
Staff Work Arena
T H E R M A L
F L U X
Z O N E
Welcome Garden
Conference
Prairie
&
Rain Gardens
Seed Hall
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
Workshop
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
Thermal Flux Zone
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
Thermal Flux Zone
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
Thermal Flux Zone
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
6. Control Demand
Conservation is Number One
Architectural Design
•Orientation / Shading
•Daylighting / Natural Ventilation
•Insulation / Infiltration
Additional Insulation
throughout the building
produces a thermal
quality of
0.1062 Btu/h/SqFt
This compares to the
ASHRAE requirement of
0.2350 Btu/h/SqFt
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
6. Control Demand
Architectural Design
•Daylighting / Natural Ventilation
Forward Garden
Mud Room
Staff Work Arena
Conference
Building Internal
23. Comfort Gradient
24. Acoustic Variation
25. Don’t Turn on that Light!
26. Never too Far from Outdoors
Prairie
27. Mudroom In-Between
&
28. Leopold Reading Room
Rain Gardens
29. Archival Core
30. Deep in Dialogue
31. Working Home
32. Personal Home-Base
33. The Exec’s Parlor
34. Intern
Niches
THE
KUBALA WASHATKO
Exhibits
Welcome Garden
Seed Hall
ARCHITECTS, INC.
Workshop
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
6. Control Demand
Conservation is Number One
gid Insulation On
uctural Wood Decking
Sun
r
e
t
Win
Sun
r
e
t
Win
ulated Window Panel
ps Up On Pulley System
Required To
duce Heat Loss
rth Berm At North
all Elevation Varies
rth Tube Supplies Earth
oled Air to Individual
fice Areas
ood Fired Boiler Provides
t Water For Radient Heat
ncrete Slab On 4" Rigid
Sum
me
r Su
n
•Orientation
/
Shading
motely Operated Insulated
wning Windows With
eens and Insulated
Glass
•Daylighting
/ Natural Ventilation
•Insulation
/
Infiltration
ensive Green Roof On
Sum
me
r Su
n
Architectural Design
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
Pattern #35
Staff Wor k Arena
Clerestory
Kitchen in the Middle
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
6. Control Demand
Conservation is Number One
Heating & Cooling Systems
•Ground Source Heat Pump
•Winter: 3 for 1 / Summer: 5 for 1
•Warm & Cool Floor Slab
•Wood Fire
10˚F
56˚F
70˚F
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
6. Control Demand
Conservation is Number One
Ventilation Systems
•Separate from H/C
•Earth Tubes
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
6. Control Demand
Conservation is Number One
Ventilation Systems
•Separate from H/C
•Earth Tubes
•Displacement Ventilation
•Heat Recovery: PV Inverters
85˚F 70˚F
56˚F
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
Net Energy
Consumption
Measuring Up
35 kWh/sf/yr
Comparisons of Building Annual Energy Use
30 kWh/sf/yr
113%
25 kWh/sf/yr
20 kWh/sf/yr
15 kWh/sf/yr
10 kWh/sf/yr
5 kWh/sf/yr
0 kWh/sf/yr
Median Office Median
Building
Education
Building
Chesapeake
Bay
Foundation
Lewis Center, Aldo Leopold
Schlitz
Legacy
Oberlin
Audubon
Center
Nature Center College
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
Site Energy
Production
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
Used Greenhouse Gas Protocol from World Resources Institute
Organizational Boundary:
•The Leopold Foundation
Project Boundary:
•The Aldo Leopold Legacy Center
•Wood Lots Certified for Sustainable Harvest
What about Carbon?
Scope 1
•Direct Emissions
Scope 2
•Indirect Emissions - Electricity
Scope 3
•Indirect Emissions - Organizational Activities
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
SCOPE 1
DIRECT GHG EMISSIONS DUE TO COMBUSTION
FUEL
AMOUNT
CO2
EMISSIONS
DIRECT
COMBUSTION
WOOD
2 CORDS
6.7 METRIC
TON
ALF VEHICLES
GAS
1,490 GALLONS
13.2 METRIC
TON
What about Carbon?
TOTAL
19.9 METRIC
TON
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
What about Carbon?
SCOPE 1
DIRECT GHG EMISSIONS DUE TO COMBUSTION
FUEL
AMOUNT
CO2
EMISSIONS
DIRECT
COMBUSTION
WOOD
2 CORDS
6.7 METRIC
TON
ALF VEHICLES
GAS
1,490 GALLONS
13.2 METRIC
TON
TOTAL
19.9 METRIC
TON
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
What about Carbon?
SCOPE 2
INDIRECT GHG EMISSIONS DUE TO
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
AMOUNT
CO2 EMISSIONS
OFFSET
GREEN POWER
CONTRACT
33,400 kWh
10.6 METRIC TON
SITE SOLAR
GENERATION
32,300 kWh
10.2 METRIC TON
ELECTRICITY
SOURCE
TOTAL
20.8 METRIC TON
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
What about Carbon?
SCOPE 3
INDIRECT GHG EMISSIONS DUE TO
OTHER ORGANIZATIONAL ACTIVITIES
EMPLOYEE
COMMUTING
BUSINESS
TRAVEL
SOLID WASTE
REMOVAL
GAS
1,800 GALLONS
16.0 METRIC
TON
AIR MILES
36,000 MILES
6.0 METRIC
TON
LB
5,200 LBS
3.4 METRIC
TON
TOTAL
25.4 METRIC
TON
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
What about Carbon?
CARBON SEQUESTRATION
CARBON ABSORBED BY MANAGED FOREST
MANAGED
FOREST
AREA
CARBON
SEQUESTRATION
RATE
CO2 REMOVED
FROM THE
ATMOSPHERE
35 ACRES
0.25 IP TON
CARBON PER ACRE
29.1 METRIC TONS
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
What about Carbon?
Before Cutting
After Cutting
CARBON SEQUESTRATION
CARBON ABSORBED BY MANAGED FOREST
MANAGED
FOREST
AREA
CARBON
SEQUESTRATION
RATE
CO2 REMOVED
FROM THE
ATMOSPHERE
35 ACRES
0.25 IP TON
CARBON PER ACRE
29.1 METRIC TONS
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
What about Carbon?
CARBON NEUTRAL SUMMARY
SCOPE 1
DIRECT EMISSIONS
19.9 METRIC
TONS
SCOPE 2
INDIRECT EMISSIONS
ELECTRICITY
20.8 METRIC
TONS
SCOPE 3
INDIRECT EMISSIONS
ORGANIZATION
25.4 METRIC
TONS
SEQUESTERED
MANAGED FOREST
29.1 METRIC
TONS
NET CARBON
OFFSET
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
4.6 METRIC
TONS
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
What about Carbon?
CARBON NEUTRAL SUMMARY
SCOPE 1
DIRECT EMISSIONS
19.9 METRIC
TONS
SCOPE 2
INDIRECT EMISSIONS
ELECTRICITY
20.8 METRIC
TONS
SCOPE 3
INDIRECT EMISSIONS
ORGANIZATION
25.4 METRIC
TONS
MANAGED FOREST
29.1 METRIC
TONS
CARBON NEUTRAL+
SEQUESTERED
NET CARBON
OFFSET
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
4.6 METRIC
TONS
ALDO LEOPOLD LEGACY CENTER
[email protected]
TKWA
THE KUBALA WASHATKO ARCHITECTS, INC.
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