Document 10581198

c Oksana Shatalov, Spring 2016
9.2 First-Order Linear Differential Equations
A first order ODE is called linear if it is expressible in the form
y 0 + p(t)y = g(t)
where p(t) and g(t) are given functions.
The method to solve (1) for arbitrary p(t) and q(t) is called
The Method of Integrating Factors
The Method of Integrating Factors
Step 1 Put ODE in the form (1).
Step 2 Find the integrating factor
µ(t) = e
Note: Any µ will suffice here, thus take the constant of integration C = 0.
Step 3 Multiply both sides of (1) by µ and use the Product Rule for the left side to express the
result as
(µ(t)y(t))0 = µg(x)
Step 4 Integrate both sides of (2). Note: Be sure to include the constant of integration in this
Step 5 Solve for the solution y(t).
c Oksana Shatalov, Spring 2016
EXAMPLE 1. Solve the following DE: y 0 − 3xy = −xex .
EXAMPLE 2. Consider y 0 − 2y = cos(3t).
1. Find the general solution.
2. Find the solution satisfying the initial condition y(0) = −2/13.