# Section 5.7: Antiderivatives

```Section 5.7: Antiderivatives
Definition: A function F is called an antiderivative of f on an interval if F 0 (x) = f (x) for
all x in that interval.
Example: Show that F (x) = x ln x − x is an antiderivative of f (x) = ln x on (0, ∞).
Theorem: If F is an antiderivative of f on an interval, then the most general antiderivative
of f is F (x) + C, where C is an arbitrary constant.
The following table lists some important antiderivatives.
Function
Antiderivative
Function
Antiderivative
k
kx + C
1
x
ln |x| + C
x , n 6= −1
xn+1
+C
n+1
ex
ex + C
cos x
sin x + C
sec x tan x
sec x + C
sin x
− cos x + C
csc x cot x
− csc x + C
sec2 x
tan x + C
csc2 x
− cot x + C
1
√
1 − x2
sin−1 x + C
1
+1
tan−1 x + C
n
x2
Theorem: Suppose that F (x) and G(x) are antiderivatives of f (x) and g(x), respectively.
1. The function cF (x) is an antiderivative of cf (x), where c is any constant.
2. The function F (x) &plusmn; G(x) is an antiderivative of f (x) &plusmn; g(x).
1
Example: Find the most general antiderivative of each function.
(a) f (x) = x3 − 4x2 + 17
(b) f (x) =
√
√
3
x2 − x3
(c) f (x) =
x2 + 2x + 3
x
(d) f (x) = ex + sin x − sec x tan x
2
Example: Find f (x) if f 0 (x) = 12x2 − 24x + 1 and f (1) = −2.
Example: Find f (x) if f 00 (x) = 3ex + 5 sin x, f (0) = 1, and f 0 (0) = 2.
Example: The acceleration of a moving particle at time t is given by a(t) = cos t + sin t. Find
the position of the particle at time t given that s(0) = 0 and v(0) = 5.
3
Example: A stone is dropped from the upper observation deck of a tower 450 m above the
ground. Find the distance of the stone above ground level at time t.
Example: A car is traveling at 80 ft/s when the brakes are fully applied, producing a constant
deceleration of 40 ft/s2 . What is the distance covered before the car comes to a stop?
4
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