# MA 1111: Linear Algebra I 1. (a) We have

```MA 1111: Linear Algebra I
Selected answers/solutions to the assignment due December 17, 2015
1. (a) We have
bn
bn+1
=
bn
3bn − bn−1
=
0 1
bn−1
,
−1 3
bn
and iterating that, we get
n n bn
0 1
b0
0 1
0
=
=
.
bn+1
−1 3
b1
−1 3
1
√
√
2
(b) Eigenvalues are roots of
+ 1 = 0, i.e. λ1 = 3+2 5 , λ2 = 3−2 5 . The
t − 3t 1
1
1 1
corresponding eigenvectors are
and
. Clearly, C =
is the transition
λ1
λ2
λ1 λ2
matrix from the basis of standard unit vectors to the basis
Then in the
ofeigenvectors.
0
1
λ
0
1
basis of eigenvectors we obtain the matrix C−1
C=
, so
−1 3
0 λ2
!
n
n n
λn
1 −λ2
0 1
0
λ 0
0
λ1 −λ2
=C 1
C−1
= λn+1
,
−λn+1
1
2
−1 3
1
0 λ2
1
λ1 −λ2
and
1
λn − λn2
=√
bn = 1
λ1 − λ2
5
√ !n
3+ 5
−
2
√ !n !
3− 5
.
2
2. We have det(A − cI3 ) = −c3 + 4c2 − 5c + 2 = −(c − 1)2 (c − 2), so the eigenvalues
of this matrix are 1 and 2. Solving the systems of equations
Ax
 
 =
 x and Ax = 2x, we see
1
2
that each solution is proportional to, respectively, 1 and 1, so there is no basis of
0
1
eigenvectors, and the answer is “no”.
a b
3. This can be done by a direct computation: let A =
, then
c d
A2 − tr(A) &middot; A + det(A) &middot; I2 =
2
a + bc ab + bd
(a + d)a (a + d)b
0
=
−
+
= 0.
ac + cd d2 + bc
(a + d)c (a + d)d
0