Page |1 Module Guide Module Title: Financial Reporting – An International Approach Department: Lord Ashcroft International Business School Module Code: Year: 2014/15 Semester: 1 FHEQ Level: 7 MOD003472 Page |2 Contents Section Topic 1 Key Information 2 Introduction to the Module 3 Intended Learning Outcomes 4 Teaching Schedule 5 Assessment 6 Learning Resources 7 Module Evaluation Page |3 1. Key Information Module Title: Financial Reporting – An International Approach Module Lecturer: Feroz Kassam-Kanji Module Tutors: N/A Every module has a Module Definition Form (MDF) which is the officially validated record of the module. You can access the MDF for this module via MyLCA. MDFs is located in the Learning and Teaching section of MyLCA.. All modules delivered by Anglia Ruskin University at its main campuses in the UK and at Associate Colleges, such as LCA Business School, are governed by the Academic Regulations. You can view these at www.anglia.ac.uk/academicregs. Alternatively a copy can be found in the Student Support section of MyLCA. In the unlikely event of any discrepancy between the Academic Regulations and any other publication, including this module guide, the Academic Regulations, as the definitive document, take precedence over all other publications and will be applied in all cases. 2. Introduction to the Module This module is designed to develop the students understanding of financial reporting in an international and strategic context; it considers financial reports from the perspective of the external reader of this information. The module places the accounting environment in an international context and looks at the context of which accounting rules have evolved in order to meet the needs of globalisation for both organisations and financial markets. Companies, whether operating in a domestic or international environment, must ensure the financial statements fairly reflect the corporate position so that external observers can draw reasonable conclusions from their critical review of the company's results. The information used by external observers is not restricted to the annual financial statements; in many countries large companies must publish interim financial reports and companies regularly publish data to inform the range of stakeholders. A focus of stakeholder interest is the company share price and investment potential. The module will introduce the operational aspects of the financial markets, market ratios and how investors evaluate data. The globalisation of International Accounting Standards provides the foundation for effective cross boundary financial comparisons in terms of liquidity, efficiency, profitability and investor return. Additionally the level of analysis undertaken in this module will extend to the Operational and Financial Review commentary required in the UK which is similar to the Management Discussion and Analysis required by the SEC and the Management Commentary project led by the New Zealand Financial Page |4 Reporting Standards Board on behalf of the International Accounting Standards Board. Students will be aware of reports not normally subject to statutory or professional regulation such as Environmental, Employment and Value Added reports. Whilst the module considers contemporary reporting and analysis such as multivariant analysis, off balance sheet financing and the Global Reporting Initiative we do not ignore the historic influences upon the design and content of financial statements. This module will also be on the MA CG (DL) course delivered by blended learning. The content, assessments and outcomes content will be identical between the two courses delivery paths. Multiculturalism has been considered during the design of this module and will be considered when the assessment brief is written. Outline content -Conceptual and international regulatory framework of accounting. -Historical and theoretical influences on international financial reporting. -International Accounting Standards Board Framework / Statement of Principles and the needs of users. -Usefulness of financial statements from the perspective of different user groups. -International accounting standards and their impact on entity’s assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses -Impact of financial statements on international resource allocation decisions at both a primary and secondary level. -Interpretation of performance, incorporating KPI's, segmental reporting, substance over form. -Use of investor ratios and integrated ratios -Introduction to the operation of stock markets and the interpretation of market data -Examination and appraisal of key interpretational issues surrounding use of ratio analysis in inter-firm comparison, e.g. depreciation, asset valuation, intangible assets, cash flow management, off balance sheet financing, reporting value and value added, structure and strategy. -Consideration of optional reports: Environmental, Employment and Value Added reports. Page |5 3. Intended Outcomes 3.1 Learning Outcomes A learning outcome is what a student is assessed against. The table below indicates the learning outcomes for this module. No Type 1 Knowledge and understanding 2 Intellectual, practical, affective and transferable skills On successful completion of this module the student will be expected to be able to: Critically appraise the validity of financial reports from a user's perspective in a variety of global organisational settings; Appraise the context, uses and limitations of all published financial information provided to a range of international stakeholders; Analyse numerical information in a systematic manner; Draw conclusions from such analysis and critically appraise the validity of such conclusions from the perspective of different financial stakeholders Page |6 3.2 Employability Skills Developed by this Module It is important that we help you develop employability skills throughout your course which will assist you in securing employment and supporting you in your future career. During your course you will acquire a wide range of key skills. In this module, you will develop those identified below: Skill Communication (oral) Communication (written) Commercial Awareness Cultural sensitivity User focus Data Handling Decision making Enterprising Flexibility Initiative Interpersonal Skills Leadership/Management of others Networking Organisational adaptability Project Management Problem Solving and Analytical skills Responsibility Team working Time Management Other Skills acquired in this module Developed through in class discussions Ability to prepare reports and papers Ability to cope with changes in financial reporting Ability to understand/prepare corporate social reports Ability to respond to users’ changing requirements Make/help financial recommendations Use group activities in class Ability to work with other financial discipline’s and management Ability to multitask Analysis and interpretation of financial statements Use group activities in class - Page |7 4. Teaching Schedule This Module comprises 12 x 1/2 day sessions (am or pm) comprising 2 hours of theory/principles/mini case study The morning or afternoon session will be mainly theory/principles/mini case study. Session Date 2014 Topic Classwork Additional Reading before the session 1&2 17 & 18 Sept 24 & 25 Sept Accounting Framework: Theory & Regulation Chapter 1 & 2/3/8/9/10/11/ Class hand-outs 3 1&2 Oct Accounting Framework: Theory & Regulation 4/5 8&9 Oct The Statement of Comprehensive Income & Statement of Financial Position - further considerations: theory & practice Basic ideas About Financial Reporting: Objective of financial reporting Usefulness of financial statements and different user groups Elements of financial statements Recognition of Assets & Liabilities Recognition of Income and Expenses The income statement (SOCI), balance sheet (SOFP) and statement of cash flow (SOCF) The accounting equation Accounting concepts Framework for Financial Reporting: The role of the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) Accounting standards(IASs & IFRSs) Stock exchange Companies Act (UK) Non-current assets(IAS 16/38 Impairment (IAS36) Inventory (IAS2) Liabilities and Provisions(IAS37) Revenue (IAS18) Chapter 9/Class hand-outs Chapter 12/13//Class hand-outs Chapter14/Class hand-outs Chapter 16/Class handout Chapter 19/Class hand-outs Chapter 18/Class hand-outs Page |8 Session Date 2014 Topic 6/7 15 &16 Oct The Statement of Comprehensive Income & Statement of Financial Position - further considerations: theory & practice 8 22 & 23 Oct Cash Flow Statements 9 29 & 30 Oct Consolidated (Group) Financial Accounts 10/11 5&6 Nov 12 & 13 Nov Interpretation of Financial Statements 12 19 & 20 Dec Optional reports: need for additional reports Classwork Leases (IAS17) Financial Instruments(IFRS9) Income tax(IAS12) Employee benefits(IAS16) Measuring, Reporting and interpretation of Cash Flows Additional Reading before the session Chapter 15/Class hand-outs Chapter 17/Class hand-outs Chapter 20/Class hand-outs Chapter 21/class hand-outs Chapter 23/Class hand-outs Basic consolidation principles Subsidiaries/Associate/ Joint Arrangements(IFRS10/ 11) Ratio Analysis: Profitability & Efficiency Ratios Working Capital Ratios Investor Ratios Earnings per Share Performance Indicators Report writing Chapter 25/27/28/Class hand-outs Chapter 10/Class hand-outs Management commentary Employee reports Corporate Social Responsibility reports Chapter 11/30/31/Class hand-outs Page |9 4.1 Attendance Requirements Attending all your classes is very important and one of the best ways to help you succeed in this module. Research has identified a clear correlation between student attendance and academic performance. In accordance with the Student Charter, you are expected to arrive on time and take an active part in all your timetabled classes. If you are unable to attend a class for a valid reason (e.g. illness), you must contact the Academic Advisory team at LCA. LCA will closely monitor the attendance of all students and will contact you if you have been absent without notice for two weeks. Continued absence will result in various consequences with the possibility that you will be withdrawn from your studies. International students who are non-EEA nationals and in possession of entry clearance/leave to remain as a student (student visa) are required to be in regular attendance at LCA. Failure to do so is considered to be a breach of national immigration regulations. LCA is statutorily obliged to inform the UKVI of the Home Office of significant unauthorised absences by any student visa holders. Further details of this requirement can be found in the Student Handbook. 5. Assessment 5.1 There is a single assessment for this module. Part Type of assessment 1 Assignment Word Submission method or time limit 3,000 Turnitin words Submission Date This will be inserted by the Academic Office All assignments are, unless otherwise directed by the module lecturer, to be submitted via Turnitin. You must refer to the Students’ Guide to Turnitin which can be found in the Learning and Teaching section of MyLCA. You must keep an electronic copy of any submitted assignment. Do NOT rely on Turnitin as a place to save your assignments. 5.2 Mitigating Circumstances and Late Submission There are occasions where students cannot, for legitimate reasons, submit an assignment. It is also possible for students to be granted a short extension, up to five working days for assignments, where the exceptional circumstances have presented a temporary problem. Where a student has evidence of these exceptional circumstances they must present such evidence and discuss their situation with an Academic Advisor. P a g e | 10 Students not submitting the assignment on time will have their record annotated accordingly. This will result in either a re-sit of a different assignment related to this module’s content and outcomes, or a retake of the module. Examples of legitimate reasons are; Illness of the student or a close family member for whom the student has caring responsibility Death or serious illness of a close family member. Examples of reasons which will not be accepted are; 5.3 A student has lost his/her laptop/memory stick (it is suggested students use Dropbox or Skydrive or other similar facility to store their material and assignment drafts) A student has to attend work on the day of submission (the submission deadline is the latest; plan ahead). Assessment Feedback Students are entitled to individual written feedback on their performance for all assignments. This will be automatically generated by Turnitin once the marking and quality assurance process has been completed. Further details can be found in the Programme Handbook. In addition a Student Performance Review will be available on MyLCA. This report provides a holistic view of students who have submitted the assignment for this module. LCA is committed to providing you with feedback on all assessed work in a timely and effective manner. LCA is also committed to providing assessment grades within 20 working days of the submission deadline or the date of an examination. This is extended to 30 working days for feedback related to a Major Project module (please note that working days excludes those days when LCA is officially closed; e.g. between Christmas and New Year). Personal tutors are available to discuss any trends which you identify. This module has a mid-term assessment. You will receive feedback and marks for the assessment which you completed in the earlier stages of the module. LCA provide you with this feedback as part of your learning experience and to help you prepare for other assessment tasks that you have still to complete. It is important to note that, in these cases, the marks for these assessments are unconfirmed. This means that, potentially, marks can change, in either direction! 5.4 Assessment Offences As an academic community, LCA recognises that the principles of truth, honesty and mutual respect are central to the pursuit of knowledge. Behaviour which undermines P a g e | 11 those principles weakens the community, both individually and collectively, and diminishes our values. LCA is committed to ensuring that every student and member of staff is made aware of the responsibilities s/he bears in maintaining the highest standards of academic integrity and how those standards are protected. For assignments, you are reminded that any work that you submit must be your own. When you are preparing your work for submission, it is important that you understand the various academic conventions which you are expected to follow in order to make sure that you do not leave yourself open to accusations of plagiarism (e.g. the correct use of referencing, citations, footnotes etc.) and that your work maintains its academic integrity. Further, more in-depth, information on assessment offences can be found in the Programme Handbook. 5.5 How is my assessment marked? After you have submitted your assignment LCA undertakes a series of activities to assure its marking processes are comparable with those employed at other universities in the UK and that student’s assessments have been marked fairly, honestly and consistently. These include: Anonymous marking – your name is not attached to your work so, at the point of marking, the lecturer does not know whose work he/she is considering. When you undertake an assessment task where your identity is known (e.g. a presentation or Major Project), it is marked by more than one lecturer (known as double marking) Internal moderation – a sample of all work for each assessment task in each module is moderated by other LCA academic staff to check the standards and consistency of the marking External moderation – a sample of student work for all modules above level 4 is moderated by external examiners – experienced academic staff from other universities (and sometimes practitioners who represent relevant professions) who scrutinise your assessments and provide LCA academic staff with feedback, advice and assurance that the marking of the assessment is comparable to that in other UK universities. Many of LCA’s academic staff act as external examiners at other universities. Modular Board (MB)) – performance by all students on all modules is discussed and approved at the appropriate MB which are attended by all relevant Module Leaders and external examiners. LCA has fopur MBs each academic year The following external examiner is appointed to this module and will oversee the assessment of this and other modules within the MB’s remit: To be inserted by the Academic Office. P a g e | 12 6. Learning Resources 6.1. Library Facilities The Resource Centre which is located in room 406 provides onsite library, internet and study space for students to access. LCA is fortunate to be located close to the British Library and other local libraries. Students should make use of these facilities to support their studies. Students can also access the resources of other universities as if they were a student of that university. This is through the SCONUL scheme. Information on this scheme can be found through this link. P a g e | 13 6.2 Module Specific Resources The following resources are available to support your studies; Resource Key Textbook Notes Essential textbook with (with CourseMate and eBook Access) Alexander, D., Britton, A., and Jorissen, A. (Fifth edition) International Financial Reporting and Analysis. London: Thomson Additional Textbooks Ryan, B. (latest edition) Finance and Accounting for Business, London, Thomson Sutton, T. (latest edition) Corporate Financial Accounting and Reporting. London: Prentice Hall McBarnet, D, Whelan, C. (latest edition) Creative Accounting and the Cross Eyed Javelin Thrower. Chichester: Wiley Walton, P. (latest edition) Financial Statement Analysis, London:Thomson Black, G. (latest edition) Students' Guide to Accounting and Financial Reporting Standards, London: Prentice Hall Riahi-Belkoui, A. (latest edition) Accounting Theory. London: London Corporate Reporting These textbook will give you a wider understanding of all aspects of financial reporting: theory and application with its associated shortcomings. They will help you to acquire the knowledge necessary for this module: Journals FT, Times, Economist, Investors Chronical Websites www.IASplus IASB and foundation Specific Research Papers Professional Bodies Other Resources 7. IFRS e- learning Ifrs.org Australian and Canadian institute’s research foundations ACCA, ICAEW TBA in class Module Evaluation During the second half of the delivery for this module, you will be asked to complete a module evaluation questionnaire to help LCA obtain your views on all aspects of the module. This is an extremely important process which helps us to continue to improve the delivery of the module in the future and to respond to issues that you bring to LCA’s attention. Your questionnaire response is anonymous. P a g e | 14 Please help us to help you and other students at LCA by completing the Module Evaluation survey. LCA very much values its students’ views so it is very important to LCA that you provide feedback to inform improvements.