Day 42 - jennifermlouis

Day 42 -Standard–
Form,Poetry packet, and
Romeo and Juliet Intro
1. Identify and Understand how adjectives and adverbs enhance a
• 2. Understand the role sound plays in poetry.
Study Literary terms- They will appear on your vocab quiz
Bring Romeo and Juliet to class on Monday
Take notes- Everything is important!
Adjectives Activity
Take out a piece of paper and remove everything else
from your desk.
You will have 30 seconds to write down as many
adjectives to describe the picture on the following slide.
When the alarm rings, put down your pen/pencil. No
words will be counted after the 30 seconds have past.
When you are ready, put your head down on the desk. I
will tell you to look at the screen.
Get a worksheet and complete the
answers using your notes
1. What is an adjective? describes a noun or pronoun
2. What does an adjective do? adds description /describes
3. What is an adverb? modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb
4. What does an adverb do? describes or modifies
5. What does the word "modify" mean? change in some way /describe
6. How can we recognize adverbs? usually they end with an -ly
6. What do we usually use to modify a subject? Use an adjective
7. What do we usually use to modify a verb? Use an adverb
8. Correctly underline the adverb in this sentence.
9. What are three adverbs that are used in verb phrases? No, not, never,
usually, always
Quiz Time!
Adj/Adv quiz• Log into google
 Terms:
 Rhythm: the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in
each line.
 Rhyme: the musical quality of a poem. Correspondence of
sound between words.
 Internal Rhyme: rhyme that occurs within the lines of a
 End Rhyme: rhyme that occurs at the end of lines.
 Approximate Rhyme: rhyme that uses similar but not exact
Ex. Consonant sounds: Mind - Sign
Meter: a regular pattern of rhythm.
Rhyme Scheme: a regular pattern of rhyme.
Scansion: charting meter in a poem.
To identify a poem’s meter, you have
to break each line into smaller units
called feet. A foot consists of one
stressed syllable and one or two
unstressed ones.
Combine the type of feet and number
of feet from the left to describe a
poem’s meter.
Shakespeare is famous for using
Iambic Pentameter
A plague on both your houses…
What is the first thing that comes to mind when
you think of William Shakespeare, or Romeo
and Juliet?
…old and boring
…tragic love story
…hard to understand
…stuck up
..two feuding families
…Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo?
….play with old costumes
…who? Huh?
Humble Beginnings: born in Stratford
 Known as “the Bard”
 Attended Stratford Grammar School
until he was 14
 Then he married Anne Hathaway and
entered the “lost years”.
 Wrote about 37 plays and 154 sonnets
 Shakespeare’s sonnets all featured a
male speaker and focused on the theme
of love. Other common themes: time,
death, and poetry itself.
So about this Shakespeare..
• William Shakespeare was an unknown man from
Stratford on Avon, who ended up becoming a
famous playwright in London
• When he was 18 he married 26 year old Anne
Hathaway, their daughter Susanna was born 6th
months later. They also had twins, Judith and
Hamnet, but he died at age 11
• He spent much of his life in London, as an actor
and author, at the Globe theater, and when he
died he left his wife the 2nd best bed in his will
A way with words
• Shakespeare added over 2,000 words to the
English language in his plays, if he needed a new
word, he made one up, you may recognize…
Eyeball, dwindle, watchdog, gloomy, hobnob,
swagger, rant, moonbeam, fashionable
• There are also expressions he coined that are
very common today, like “a heart of gold,” “wild
goose chase,” “vanish into thin air,” “good
riddance,” “break the ice,” “a laughing stock,”
“clothes make the man,” “dead as a doornail”
• He also wrote some pretty good insults
 Left his family to arrive in London and
joined the theater company, Lord
Chamberlain’s Men.
 Earned his money by doing the following:
 1.) Part owner of the Globe Theater
 2.) An Actor
 3.) A Playwright
 Generally wrote 3 types of plays:
 1.) Tragedy- Ex. Romeo & Juliet
 2.) Comedy- Ex. The Taming of the Shrew
 3.) Historical- Ex. Henry VIII
• Elizabethan Era
• The Renaissance
• Actors were men only
o Men even played female
• Plays were one of the
main source of
Elizabethan Theater…all the world’s a
• In Shakespeare’s time, theaters were on the
south side of London, along with bearbaiting,
taverns, and some very friendly women
• Theaters were sometimes closed to try to stop
the threat of plague, or because they were
• All of the actors were men, it was illegal for
women to be onstage…so Juliet was being played
by a teenage boy in a dress…there’s a reason
Shakespeare’s plays have lots of talking, but not
too much kissing onstage
 Roofless= Open Air
 No Artificial Lighting
 Plays were performed in the afternoon to take advantage
of the sunlight.
 Plays were written/produced for the general audience
 Courtyard surrounded by 3 levels of galleries
 Spectators:
 Wealthy- got benches
 “Groundlings”- poorer people stood and watched from
the ground (the pit)
 All except for the wealthy were uneducated/ poor
 Burned down during a production of Henry VIII in 1613.
Rebuilt the following year.
• You could get into the Globe theater for a
penny, and stand during the whole play, or pay
a bit more for a seat, most stood, and were
called “groundlings”
• Food was sold, and if the play wasn’t good or
exciting, the audience would heckle or throw
things at the actors
 Differences to today’s theater productions:
 No Scenery
 Settings were all referenced through dialogue
 Elaborate Costumes
 Plenty of props
 Fast-paced productions
 Only MALE actors
would perform
Act III: Crisis/Turning Point
A series of complications
Act II: Rising Action
A series of
Act I: Exposition
Establishes setting,
characters, conflict,
and background
Act IV: Falling Action
Results of the turning point;
characters locked into
deeper disaster
Act V:
Death of the main characters and then the
loose parts of the plot are tied up
Comedy and Tragedy
Romeo and Juliet begins as a comedy but ends as a tragedy
Elements of a comedy
•A struggle of young
lovers to overcome
difficulty that is often
presented by elders
•Separation and
•Heightened tensions,
often within a family
Elements of a tragedy
•Must have a tragic
•Ends in the death of many
of the main characters
The shift from comedy to tragedy is
what sets Romeo and Juliet apart from
the rest of Shakespeare’s plays
 Qualities of a Tragic Hero:
 Possesses high importance or rank
 Exhibits extraordinary talents
 Displays a tragic flaw- an error in judgment or a defect in
character that leads to their downfall
 Faces downfall with courage and dignity
“My only love sprung from my only hate! Too early seen
unknown , and known too late!”
~ Juliet; Act I, Scene V
Romeo and Juliet Sources
• Guess what? Shakespeare didn’t come up with
the story of Romeo and Juliet all on his own!
• He borrowed ideas and characters from other
stories that already existed, especially a poem
in 1562 by Arthur Brooke called The Tragical
History of Romeus and Juliet
• The poem is probably Shakespeare’s main
source, but the poem is based on several
different Italian stories
• There’s also a story by Ovid, an ancient Roman
writer, called Pyramus and Thisbe, in which two
lovers from rival families plan to meet in secret,
but through a misunderstanding (who hasn’t
thought their girlfriend was devoured by a lion?)
end up killing themselves
• Shakespeare was definitely aware of the story,
because he used a version of it in one of his plays
• So the moral is, you don’t need the most original
idea, just to have the best, most dramatic version
of it
• And just as Shakespeare borrowed ideas to
come up with Romeo and Juliet, people have
borrowed the play’s ideas to create new
• A well-known example is West Side Story, a
musical with two different gangs replacing the
feuding families
Other examples:
• Romeo + Juliet (Baz Luherman’s update)
• “Love Story” (Taylor Swift)
• Pretty much any story with lovers from two
different worlds (yes, Twilight),
• Gnomeo and Juliet
• Shakespeare in Love
• Warm Bodies
 1.) Puns- a humorous play on words
 Romeo – “Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoes /
With nimble soles; I have a soul of lead…” (Act I Sc. 4)
 2.) Allusions- a reference to a well-known work
of art, music, literature, or history
 “At lovers’ perjuries, they say Jove laughs.”
(Act II, Sc. 2
 Jove is another name for Jupiter, the
Roman King of the Gods.
 3.) Metaphor- A direct comparison between two
unalike things.
 Romeo- “But soft! What light through yonder window
breaks?/ It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.” (Act II
scene 2)
 4.) Oxymorons- Two juxtaposed words have
opposing/ very diverse meanings
 Juliet – “Beautiful tyrant! fiend angelical!”
(Act III Sc.2)
 5.) Personification- Occurs when an inanimate
object or concept is given the qualities of a
person or animal.
 Juliet— “For thou wilt lie upon the wings
of night / Whiter than new snow on a
raven’s back. / Come, gentle night, come,
loving, black-brow’d night” (Act III Sc. 2)
 6.) Paradox- a statement that seems to contradict
itself with two elements that are incompatible
 Juliet – “O serpent heart, hid with a
flowering face!” (Act III Sc. 2)
 7.) Foreshadowing- a reference to something that
will happen later in the story.
 Juliet – “Give me my Romeo; and, when he
shall die,
Take him and cut him out in little stars,
And he will make the face of heaven so fine
That all the world will be in love with night
And pay no worship to the garish sun.” (Act
III Sc. 2)
 1.) Light and Dark
 Look for: References to “light” words ex. “the
sun” and references to “dark” words ex.
“night” and “gloom”
 2.) Time
 Look for: References to the passage of time
or if things seem to be rushed
 3.) Destiny
 Look for: Instances where events are blamed
on “destiny” or “the stars”
Lord Montague (his dad)
Lady Montague (his mom)
Mercutio (friend)
Benvolio (cousin)
Lord Capulet (her father)
Lady Capulet (her mother)
Tybalt (cousin)
The story is set in the late
1500’s mostly in the town
of Verona, Italy. However,
there are a few acts set in
Mantua, Italy a smaller
town just a few miles away.
The Italian city of Verona, where
Romeo and Juliet lived, receives about
1,000 letters addressed to Juliet every
Valentine's Day.
“Star-crossed lovers” refers to two
people who are in love but have
conflicting astrological signs.
Shakespeare’s times, people believed
the course of their lives was
determined by the exact second they
were born.
Verona Today
incredible amount of graffiti,
which is legal, provided that
you are writing about your love
for someone.