Chapter 2 Worksheet What things are indicative of culture: _________________________________ are such things as clothing, buildings, and possessions. _________________________________ are such things as ways to think, beliefs, values, etc. What parts of culture do we take for granted? ________________________’s influence is profound as it touches and defines who we are. _______________________ becomes a _______________________ through which we perceive and evaluate what is going on around us. Define and describe (through example) what culture shock is: How is culture shock different from ethnocentrism? Rephrase the eight summary statements in your own words at the end of this section (page 41 in the 10th edition): 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Describe cultural relativism What are symbols? Expand on the following: - Gestures: - Language: Language allows “human experience to be cumulative” Language provides a “social or shared past” Language provides a “social or shared future” Language allows “shared perspectives” Language allows “shared, goal-oriented behavior” Describe the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis and give an example: What is the difference between a value, norm, and a sanction? Give an example of a positive sanction and a negative sanction: What is the difference between a folkway, more, and a taboo? Define and give an example of a subculture: Define and give an example of a counterculture: A ____________________________ society is made up of many different groups. Define core values and list those that sociologist Robin Williams identified as shared by most groups in US Society: Definition: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What are the three additional values that the book’s author added to the previous list: 1. 2. 3. Define the following: Value cluster Value contradiction Describe the emerging value cluster: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What can happen when values clash? What does it mean to state that values can act as a distorting lens? Describe the difference between “ideal” and “real” culture and give examples of each: How does technology influence culture? What is the difference between cultural lag, cultural change, cultural diffusion, and cultural leveling?