Ch. 4 Notes: Political Culture and Ideology

AP U.S. Government & Politics
Chapter 4: Political Culture and Ideology
Political culture – widely shared beliefs, values, and norms that citizens hold
near and dear to their <3 about their government.
Suffrage – having the right to vote. aka – “enfranchisement”
15th Amendment (1870) – African American Men, 21+
19th Amendment (1920) – Women, 21+
Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 (aka “Snyder Act”)
24th Amendment (1964) – ended Poll Taxes
Voting Rights Act (1965) – ended literacy tests and all other obstacles
26th Amendment (1971) – 18-20 year olds
Deliberation – “deliberate” thoughtful process used by those elected
(representatives) to participate in the decision-making process.
Social capital – democratic and civic habits of discussion, compromise,
consensus and respect for differences (bipartisanship).
Democratic consensus – agreement among elected officials about how to
govern based on the values held by the country’s constituents.
Majority Rule / Minority Rights – Governance according to the outcome of the
majority – unless it violates the constitutionality of any one person.
Nationalism – an enduring sense of national identity that consists of historic,
linguistic, cultural and political similarities.
Patriotism – devotion to one’s country – “my country’s better than your country!”
Capitalism – an economic system defined by private property, economic
incentive, limited government, and competition. (pretty much, the characteristics
of classical liberalism)
Political ideology – political views and beliefs about the role of one’s
Classical liberalism – an idea that emerged in the 17th and 18th centuries that
government should be limited, and that people / businesses should be protected
from too much government involvement / regulation.
Contemporary liberalism – refers to the government’s role in ensuring that
equality and justice are provided for everyone, including those traditionally /
formerly marginalized in society. Calls for governmental intervention when
Conservatism – belief in free enterprise: property rights, competitive markets,
and personal opportunity. (“conserving” these rights and enhancing individual
- Traditional Conservatives: pro-business, low taxes, minimum
- Social Conservatives: less focus on economic, more focus on morality
and lifestyle, i.e. pro life, anti affirmative action, anti same sex
Socialism – an economic system based on public ownership. The government
owns all means of production – no private property. (Karl Marx – “transitional
stage between capitalism and communism.)
Communism – political, social and economic system in which land and capital
are collectively owned and political power is exercised by the masses. (Single
political party, i.e. China, Cuba, Vietnam)
Libertarianism – political ideology that values individual liberty and extremely
limited government. To a degree, combining anarchism with conservatism.
Opposed to governmental regulation (seat belt & helmet laws), the UN or foreign
involvement. Regulation is costly and interferes with the free market, and
foreign involvement is an unnecessary cost.
Related flashcards

46 Cards

Liberal parties

74 Cards

Create flashcards