By: Vicky Zakrzewski
M/F 9:25
Human Exceptionalities
S In 2008, there are currently 29.8 million people with
dementia, with the number expected to be 81.1
million by 2050.
S It is estimated there will be 4.6 million new cases of
dementia every year (one new case every 7 seconds).
The number of people affected will double every 20
years to 81.1 million by 2040.
What is Dementia
S Loss of mental skills that effect your daily life
S Causes problems with your memory and how well
you think and plan
S Most common forms are Alzheimer’s disease and
multi-infarct dementia
S Coined from the Latin words de – meaning apart
or away and mens meaning mind
S Strokes, tumors, head injuries
S Diseases such as Parkinson’s
S Underactive thyroid gland
S Not enough B12
S Fluid buildup in the brain
S Memory loss is the biggest factor and warning sign
S Getting lost in places you are familiar with
S For get people they know and their names
S Can’t control their moods often are depressed
S Trouble balancing a check book or calculating things
S Trouble bathing and grooming themselves
S Repeating the same question over again
S Loss of coordination and basic motor function
S Doctor gives you a physical exam
S Mini mental state examination (MMSE)
S Abbreviated mental test score (AMTS)
S Series of blood tests
S MRI and CT scans
S Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination to distinguish it from
Alzheimer's disease
S Most Common: Alzheimer’s disease, Binswanger’s
disease, Pick’s disease
S Less Common: Creutzfelt-Jakob disease, Huntington’s
disease, Parkinson’s disease
Effected Brain
S Less than 10% of dementia cases are reversible
S Take vitamins such as B12
S Take medicine to treat depression
S When it can not be reversed the doctor will prescribe these
medications to make it easier for the patient:
S Aricept® (donepezil
S Cognex® (tacrine)
Challenges Caregivers Face
S If the loved one is able to continue driving
S Financial and Legal planning such as what they wish to
do with their medical plan, and will
S Whether it’s time their loved one should be placed in a
nursing home
Care Givers Need Breaks
Local Resources
Respite Care -Publicly or Privately paid temporary care (relieves primary
care giver to do errands or just "get away for a while"). -Friends and
relatives often provide this even when they are unable or unwilling to share
primary care responsibilities
.Adult Day Care -Private programs that provide a safe, structured setting
that helps maintain functioning in the affected relative (also respite for the
care giver)
Adult Foster Care -Private individuals or non-profit organizations
maintain houses and provide care for one or more impaired persons (person
must generally be able to perform most self-care functions).
Meals on WheelsCase Manager and Service Coordinator -In recent years a
number of people, often social workers, assist the families of cognitively
and/or physically impaired persons with identifying and coordinating
needed services
Work Cited