drugs in sport

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DRUGS IN SPORT
CAFFEINE, which we use in tea and coffee,
NICOTINE which people use in smoking and
ETHANOL, more commonly known as alcohol
There are other drugs that we use on a less
frequent basis.
There are also drugs that come under the
term “SOCIALLY UNACCEPTABLE” and these
are illegal.
This group includes:
1. Heroin
2.Cocaine
3.LSD
4.Amphetamines
5.Barbiturates
6.Cannabis and ecstasy.
There is a third category- The
PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS.
SO WHAT IS A DRUG ?
A SUBSTANCE THAT CAN BE TAKEN IN A
VARIETY OF WAYS TO PRODUCE PHYSICAL
AND/OR PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS ON THE
PERSON TAKING IT.
It may also cause some effects that are both
unpleasant and unwanted:
1. addictive.
2.damages
3. dehydration.
4. Long term effects of
alcohol include liver damage.
WHY DO SPORTSPEOPLE TAKE DRUGS ?
WRITE A LIST OUT
Sportspeople decide to take drugs to enhance
or improve their performance, or are
encouraged to do so by their coach.
The temptation is great with such high stakes.
Winning a gold medal at the Olympics in some
sports is worth £1,000,000 in sponsorships.
Even on a day to day basis, sportspeople make
a lot of money by simply competing at the
highest level.
Even if they do not win, drugs may allow a
lesser athlete to take part in their sport at a
level they could not have otherwise reached.
PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS fall into
2 categories.
1. Prohibited classes of substances
2.Prohibited methods.
ON THE JUICE- TYPES OF
BANNED DRUGS
WHAT ARE PROHIBITED CLASSES OF
SUBSTANCES ?
1. STIMULANTS- these help people to be
more alert, enabling them to think more
quickly. Using these drugs helps to overcome
tiredness. Stimulants may produce side
effects such as Insomnia, Increased heart
rate.
2. NARCOTICS/ANALGESICS- This enables
athletes to get back into action quickly
after an injury. They act as painkillers.
3. ANABOLIC STEROIDS- They increase
muscle mass and develop bone growth,
therefore increase strength, while at the same
time allow the athlete to train harder. It can
also increase aggression.
This is the most common drug used to enhance
performance. The drug mimics the male
hormone Testosterone. Side effects include
the deepening of the voice, facial hair, mood
swings and anxiety. liver disease and infertility
in women are also common side effects.
4. DIURETICS- Used to increase the amount
of urine produced and to increase kidney
function, thereby speeding up the elimination
of fluid from the body.
In turn this will cause rapid weight loss in
sports where performers are required to
compete within strict weight boundaries.
Side effects include dehydration, which can
result in dizziness, muscle cramps, headaches
and nausea.
5. PEPTIDE, CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL
MANIPULATION- These type of drugs
increase muscle growth, assist in recovery
from injury and increase the number of red
blood cells to carry oxygen.
WHAT ARE PROHIBITED METHODS ?
Blood doping is a banned process not a banned
drug. If an athlete trains at high altitude, the
oxygen carrying capacity of their blood
increases. Athletes train at high altitude for a
period of time, and then have as much as 2
pints of blood taken from their body, and the
red blood cells frozen.
The body’s system quickly recovers and the
normal 8 pints of blood is restored.
Near a competition day, the red blood cells are
put back into the athlete’s bloodstream and
this process is thought to increase their
performance by as much as 20%.
The I.O.C. have strict rules on prohibited
substances. At the moment there are 4000 of
them.
The I.O.C. take random tests of athletes.
ON THE JUICE- DRUG
TESTING PROCEDURES
Taking performance enhancing drugs is
regarded as cheating and athletes found guilty
pay the ultimate penalty within their sport
THEY ARE BANNED.
Fighting Drugs in Sport- A Level
Powerpoints Disc 15
References
 Photos and websites
 http://bit.ly/MAlV98
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