The UN and Environmental Sustainability of Water Fryeburg Academy Global Studies Class March 8, 2012 1. End Poverty 2. Universal Education 3. Gender Equality 4. Child Health 5. Maternal Health 6. Combat HIV/AIDS 7. Environmental Sustainability 8. Global Partnership Environmental Sustainability Targets Goals Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss Achieve, by 2020, a Halve, by 2015, the significant improvement in proportion of the the lives of at least 100 population without million slum dwellers sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation 3.575 Million People die every Year from a Water Related Disease. Every 20 seconds, a child dies from a water-related illness Women worldwide spend 200 million hours a day collecting water Installing water systems Since 2002, Brazil has been implementing the One Million Rural Cisterns Programme. Installed 1,300 villagers in 2006, resulting in 20 litres of affordable clean water a day being available to each household. In Sri Lanka, the introduction of rainwater harvesting tanks has enabled households to save on average $31 per month. Last time we looked at all the organizations that make up the United Nations . . . 28 UN agencies deal with water! Just to name a few ! International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Word Health Organization (WHO) United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) World Bank United Nations Economic Commission (UN EC) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) World Meteorological Organization (WMO) World Food Program (WFP) The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) UNICEF helps governments and partners implement communitybased water quality surveillance systems to screen for contaminants like human faeces, arsenic, fluoride and nitrates. UNICEF also promotes a range of low-cost sanitation, water and hand-washing facilities and helps improve sanitation and promote hygiene, like hand washing, in schools. UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) In the Arab region, the ESCWA was tasked by the Ministerial Water Council of the League of Arab States to lead the establishment of a regional mechanism for monitoring the water supply and sanitation targets and other related indicators in Arab countries. With only three years left . . . Some 1.7 billion people have gained access to safe drinking water since 1990. The world will meet or even exceed the drinking water target by 2015 if current trends continue. 86% of the population in developing regions will have gained access to improved sources of drinking water, up from 71 per cent in 1990. Works Cited "International Decade for Action Water for Life 2005-2015: Homepage." Welcome to the United Nations: It's Your World. http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/ (accessed March 7, 2012). United Nations Development Programme. "Millennium Goal 7." GOAL 7 Ensure Environmental Sustainability. www.un.org/millenniumgoals/pdf/MDG_FS_7_EN.pdf (accessed March 7, 2012). "Water Crisis.”www.water.org/water-crisis/water-facts/water/:// (accessed March 7, 2012).