Hazardous Communications & Lab Safety Bruce Bradley & Humberto Garcia Sept 11, 2007 Hazardous Communications & Lab Safety Title 8 CCR, 5194 Smoking Policy Chemical Inventory MSDS’s Hazard Properties Labeling Emergency Response Hazardous Materials & Waste Laboratory Practices Title 8 CCR, 5191 & 5194 (1) This section requires manufacturers or importers to assess the hazards of substances which they produce or import, and all employers to provide information to their employees about the hazardous substances to which they may be exposed, by means of a hazard communication program, labels and other forms of warning, material safety data sheets, and information and training. In addition, this section requires distributors to transmit the required information to employers. 8 Elements of the IIPP IIPP Responsibility - University President and RM&S Compliance – 8CCR3203, safe work practices Communication –We all communicate about safety Accident/Exposure Investigation – Prevention Hazard Identification – On all levels Hazard Mitigation – Risk assessments Training – Best practices and regulatory compliance Documentation – Maintenance and retention of records Campus Non-Smoking Policy Smoking is allowed only in “Designated areas” Designated areas Visible by signage At or around each university building Smoking Cops = Peer pressure Any other locations are against university policy See the RM&S website for more information on the policy and procedure. Hazardous Materials Label Isopropyl Alcohol X X X X X Physical/Health Hazards Explosive Flammable Combustible liquid/gas Water reactive Oxidizer Organic peroxide Unstable Corrosive Sensitizer Irritant Toxic NFPA Health Flammability Reactivity Special hazard Biohazardous Material “Radioactive Material” NFPA Health Flammability Reactivity Special hazard Identification of Health Hazard 4 Materials that on very short exposure could cause death or major residual injury 3 Materials that on short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury 2 Materials that on intense or continued (not chronic) exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury 1 Materials that on exposure would cause irritation by only minor residual injury 0 No Health Hazard Identification of Flammability Hazard 4 Materials that will rapidly or completely vaporize at atmospheric pressure and normal ambient temperature 3 Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions 2 Materials that must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperatures before ignition can occur 1 Materials that must be preheated before ignition can occur 0 No Flammable Properties Identification of Reactivity Hazard 4 Materials that are readily capable of detonation or of explosive decomposition or reaction at normal temperatures 3 Materials that are capable of detonation or explosive reaction but require a strong initiating source 2 Materials that readily undergo violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures or which react violently with water or which may form explosive mixtures with water 1 Materials that are normally stable, but which can become unstable 0 Non Reactive Example - NFPA Isopropyl Alcohol Slightly Toxic Highly Flammable Not Reactive No Special Hazard 1 3 0 RM&S Preference Labels can be obtained through lab technicians or RM&S MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets Available in RM&S office, designated areas in Science Halls and with 3E on demand Why are they important? MSDS Contents Chemical Id Synonyms Hazardous Ingredients Appearance and odor Fire & Explosion Data Flash-point Health Hazards PEL, TLV Physical Data Signs and symptoms Reactivity data Spill Procedures Notify Supervisor Special Protection Incompatibles PPE Special Precautions Controls Engineering controls: -hoods, cabinets, safety cans, trays Work practices: -operating procedures Personal protective equipment: -safety glasses, lab coats, gloves, no open-toed shoes Personal Protective Equipment PPE Gloves Goggles Lab Coats Face Shields Safety glasses Coveralls Types of Emergencies Medical emergency Fire Chemical spill Biohazardous material spill Radioactive material spill Bomb threat Earthquake Power outage Flood Emergency Equipment First-Aid kits Spill kits Safety showers Eyewash stations Fire extinguishers Flashlights Emergency Exits First Aid Eyewash Shower remove contaminated clothing 1st Aid Kits Minimum of 15 min Where is it? Call 911 Dispatch or RM&S @ ext. 4502 Non-Emergency Medical Care Employees Concentra Medical Center 740 Nordahl Road, Suite 117 San Marcos (760) 432-9000 Mon.- Fri. 8 a.m. – 6 p.m. Students Student Health Services San Marcos Ambulatory Care Center 120 Craven Drive, Suite 102 Ext. 4005 Report all injuries no matter how small. Fire Safety Prevention The Fire Triangle Oxygen, Heat, Fuel Classification of fuels Types of extinguishers Extinguishing a fire Evacuation Fire Safety A – combustibles B – flammable liquids C – energized equipment D – flammable metals Fire in the Laboratory P.A.S.S. Pull the pin Aim at base of fire Squeeze the handle Sweep side to side 1. Position yourself between the fire and escape route 2. Have a back-up 3. Do not turn your back to the fire 4. Alert key personnel regarding the incident Fire: Fight or Flight? Evacuate if: You do not know what is on fire The fire is spreading rapidly You do not have the appropriate extinguisher You might inhale toxic smoke You cannot maintain an escape route Your instincts tell you not to fight the fire UC Santa Cruz Fire UC Santa Cruz Fire Laboratory Waste Management Types of Wastes Chemical/hazardous Pharmaceuticals Controlled Substances Glass Sharps Universal wastes Empty containers Hazardous Waste Determination Is the waste; Reactive, corrosive, flammable, or toxic? Specifically listed in the regulations? Derived from a listed material? Potentially hazardous to health & the environment? Confirm any non-hazardous waste determination Labeling Waste Contents Composition H. Garcia SCI 313 4511 Physical hazards 9/12/05 Health hazards 1L L Isopropyl Alcohol 100 Target organs Physical state Generator name, address X and phone number Accumulation start date X X X X Hazardous Waste Inform PI or Tech When waste is 3/4 full Segregated by Physical state Liquid, Solid, & Sharps Segregated by hazard Chem, Rad, & Bio Material name Generator Info An appropriate hazard warning Waste declaration Accumulation start date Radioactive Materials “Caution Radioactive Materials” Hazards Exposure Internal VS External Waste Secured labeled Segregated Bio-Hazardous Materials “Universal Precautions” Signs - shall be posted at the entrance to work areas. Prepare “WASTE” Double bagged (RED) Generator label Notify RM&S and Principal Investigator for special handling. Universal Wastes Fluorescent light bulbs Alkaline/lead batteries Computer monitors/CPU’s = Ewaste Thermostats Tires Waste Disposal Procedures No sewer discharge Properly separate wastes Complete and attach a waste label Isolate mixed wastes Place in waste accumulation area How would you respond? Spill Response Notification Public safety Containment Waste management Decontamination Minor Spill Response Inform P.I., co-workers & contact RM&S Assess situation: Injuries priority De-energize ignition source Barricade spill area Don PPE Confine/Contain spill area Waste collection Laboratory Work Practices Wear the appropriate PPE Eating, drinking, applying cosmetics is prohibited in labs Wash your hands after working with hazardous materials Clean up spills immediately Keep fume hood sash at the appropriate level Replace broken or damaged lab equipment Empty containers are considered trash unless contents are highly toxic Laboratory Work Practices (continued) Children and pets are not allowed in the laboratories Properly label containers Keep containers closed when not in use Perform routine equipment inspections Provide contact information for continuous operations Do not work alone Work Area Safety/Consultations Egress keep closed maintenance maintain 36” clearance Floor mats <18” below sprinklers Emergency Equipment >5ft must be braced Utility panels use power strips High storage Extensions cords keep isles clear Shelving Fire doors ice machines, sinks Housekeeping Cleanliness Thank You!