The Eight Branches of Philosophy By: Kurt Boling and Casey Fannell Instructions This presentation is interactive. There will be action buttons at the bottom of every slide that must be pressed to move forward and backward. The Main Menu has buttons that when pressed lead to one of the 8 branches. Certain slides will have a home button that take you to the main menu. This button looks like a house. Main Menu Eight Branches of Philosophy Metaphysics Ethics Theory of Knowledge Logic Politics Aesthetics Science Religion Metaphysics Metaphysics is the study of origins. Asks why we are here and what is our purpose in life. Study of time. Metaphysics Continued The Melisians believed the universe was made of fire, water, earth, and air. Aristotle created the “Great Mover and Shaker” theory of our origins. (Big Bang) Epistemology: The Theory of Knowledge This is the branch that deals with where knowledge comes from. Asks how do we obtain knowledge. Rationalism and Empiricalism Rationalism is the idea that knowledge is obtained through logic and reason. Empiricism is the idea that we obtain knowledge by use of our senses. Religion This Branch deals with why people believe in a higher power and an afterlife. Meaning of life Rituals and how people should act. Examlples of Religion Dualism Christianity, Judaism, Islam Monotheism Polytheism Buddhism Hinduism Ethics This branch deals mainly with morality. It helps people determine what is right and wrong and how we can achieve the “good life”. The Good Life This is where a person has balance between happiness and virtue. Aesthetics The Study of what makes Beauty. Art and its significance. What shapes the opinion of beauty. Beauty Beauty is perceived as being relative to most. Some would argue that there is universality in beauty and that we all feel the same emotion when observing good art. Politics Study of how people interact with each other. What is the purpose of government. Why people need other people. Political Philosophies Conservatism Liberalism Marxism Social Darwinism Communism Socialism Capitalism Science The philosophy of Science describes the way in which science changes the world. Examples of How Science has Changed the World Evolution has changed the way in which people have viewed origins Theory of Relativity has dramatically changed physics The internet has changed the way people exchange information. Logic The use of reason in argument. Critical thinking and problem solving. How to apply evidence to an argument. Example of Logic Mathematics: – 5+X=9 – X=4 Syllogism: – Girls have long hair. – Ariel has long hair – Ariel is a girl.