in most societies are kinship systems and/or household forms:
They are very important units for cross-cultural understanding
• variations of marriage (cross-culturally)
• issues of
reproductive capacity of women and men.
gender relations domestic violence divorce patterns changes in household and kinship systems
a couple (usually a man and a woman) living together with or without their unmarried children.
---nuclear family plus later generations
(the children of the children also live in the household )
In North America nuclear families are declining rapidly
• women independency
• work patterns
• high rate of divorce
belong to at least two nuclear families in their lifetime
family of orientation
family of procreation.
• Or Polygamy
: more than one wife
: more than one husband
The practice of men marrying later than women promotes Polygyny among the
between 18 and 30 years of age
women between 12-14
more widows than widowers
Polyandry is more rare
Tibet, parts of India,
Nepal and Sri-Lanka
Bridewealth and Dowry
compensates the wife’s group for the lost of companionship and labour.
on the other hand, is a marital exchange in which the wife’s kin provides gifts to the husband’s family.
• The case of the
Himalayas in India
• West and Central regions differences
shortage of females in west Pahari.
joined the Buddhist nuns
Why do you think “fraternal polyandry” is socially acceptable in Tibet but not in our society?
• What are the pros and cons of arranged marriages versus freedom of choice?
h and Dowry