BIRTHPLACE OF THREE RELIGIONS -Judaism -Christianity -Islam Judaism origins According to the Jewish faith Abraham’s god spoke to him: “Get out of your country From your family And from your fathers house, To a land that I will show you.” So Abraham led his people to what is now the land of Israel. Judaism One Key Beliefs god created the world God made a covenant with Abraham declaring that they would be God’s chosen people and they would dwell in the promised land. Jews believe the Messiah has yet to come. Holy city of Jerusalem The place where Jews believed Abraham showed his devotion to god by preparing to sacrifice his son. Home of the Temple Mount and the Western Wall which is the remains of the 2nd temple destroyed by the Roman Empire. Key symbols Key Practices Holy Sabbath- From Friday evening and until Saturday morning. Jews should rest and pray. Yom Kippur- A day of reflection and atonement (feel sorry for past events) Worship services held in a Synagogue or Temple Origins of Christianity Jesus who was Jewish claimed to be the Messiah(savior). Jesus’ followers eventually became known as Christians. Christianity is founded upon the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. Key beliefs Jesus was human and divine (the son of God) Jesus died on the cross and rose from the dead Christians believe God made a covenant with Abraham that made them God’s chosen people Prophets: Abraham, Moses, & Jesus Key Baptism – initiation into the religion Communion- dinner Holy Practices reenacts the lord’s last book- The Bible Holy City of Jerusalem - Where Jesus died on the cross and was believed by Christians to have rose from the dead. - Home of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. The believed site of Jesus’ tomb before he rose from the dead Church of San Domenico in Siena Italy Origins of Islam Founded in the 7th century in the city of Mecca by Muhammad. Believed Christians and Jews were not following the prophets properly Muhammad is the last and final prophet after Abraham, Moses and Jesus. Key Beliefs Believe Jesus was not divine. Muslims believe Allah spoke to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel. These revelations end up in the Quran. Key beliefs God made a covenant with Abraham that made his descendents God’s chosen people. Muhammad of Islam Muhammad made Mecca the center died and ascended to heaven from Jerusalem The Five Pillars of Islam Profession of faith Pray five times a day Giving to the poor. Fasting during the holy month of Ramadan. Pilgrimage: Muslims believe in making a pilgrimage to Mecca and the Kaa'bah Holy Sites Mecca, Saudi Arabia- The center of Islam and home of the Kaa’ba. Jerusalem- Home of the Al Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock. Dome of the Rock is built on the site where Muslims believe Muhammad rose to heaven. Holy book and worship services Qur’an Worship Friday services held in a Mosque noon prayer most important The Kaaba is the holiest place for Islam Mosque of the Prophet Dome of the Rock Homework Using your notes write a one page persuasive essay on which religion you believe deserves the Holy city of Jerusalem. Introduction- discuss the conflict over Jerusalem and include your thesis statement. Body- Your reasons and arguments on why your religion deserves the land. Conclusion- Summarize the conflict and restate your thesis.