Chapter Twenty-Seven - Mt. Blue Regional District

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Cover Slide
The American
Pageant
Chapter 27
Empire and
Expansion,
1890-1909
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Bandana celebrating Theodore Roosevelt's Nobel Prize
Bandana celebrating Theodore Roosevelt's Nobel Prize
This souvenir bandana commemorated Theodore Roosevelt's mediation of the Russo-Japanese
War, for which he received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906. The heart-shaped ribbon around
Roosevelt's portrait contains the legend, "First in War, First in Peace, First in the Hearts of His
Countrymen," a tribute first applied to George Washington. That statement explains why
Roosevelt's war exploits (at the top) were linked with his peacemaking. (Collection of Janice L.
and David J. Frent)
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Children in textile mill
Children in textile mill
Factories employed children from the early nineteenth century well into the twentieth. In textile
mills like this one, photographed by Lewis Hines in 1908, girls operated machines, and boys
ran messages and carried materials back and forth. Mill girls had to tie up their hair to keep it
from getting caught in the machines. The girl posing here with a shawl over her head would not
have worn that garment while she was working. (National Archives)
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Frank Merriwell's Chums
Frank Merriwell's Chums
Frank Merriwell, the fictional hero of
hundreds of stories written by Burt
Standish (the pen name used by Gilbert
Patten), was a popular character in the
early 1900s. In a series of adventures,
most involving sports, Frank used his
physical skills, valor, and moral virtue to
lead by example, accomplish the
impossible, and influence others to
behave in an upstanding way.
(Collection of Picture Research
Consultants, Inc.)
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Lower East Side
Lower East Side
In the era before automobiles, the streets
pulsed with life as shops, vendors, and
shoppers spilled out on the streets.
(Library of Congress)
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New York Illustrated magazine cover
New York Illustrated magazine cover
This illustration from around 1900
evokes the magnetic attraction of
America's expanding cities at the turn of
the last century. (Picture Research
Consultants & Archives)
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Map: Imperialism in Asia
Imperialism in Asia
China and the Pacific region had become imperialist hunting grounds by the turn of the century. The European powers and
Japan controlled more areas than the United States, which nonetheless participated in the imperial race by annexing the
Philippines, Wake, Guam, Hawai'i, and Samoa, announcing the Open Door policy, and expanding trade. As the spheres of
influence in China demonstrate, that besieged nation succumbed to outsiders despite the Open Door policy.
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Video: The Great Train Robbery
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The Great Train Robbery
(Library of Congress.)
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Video: Wreck of the Battleship “Maine”
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Wreck of the Battleship “Maine”
(Courtesy of the Library of Congress.)
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