Mass Media

We are learning to analyze how messages from media
influence health behaviors.
Mental and Emotional Health
 The Influence of Media on Student Attitude &
 Self-Esteem
 Emotional Needs
 Stress
 Body Image
Billboards / Public Advertisement
Sponsor ads/ Commercials
Self-Esteem - Words to Know
 Personality – unique combination of feelings,
thoughts, and behaviors that make you different from
everyone else.
 Self-concept – view you have of yourself.
 Self-esteem - the way you feel about yourself.
 Resilience – ability to bounce back from
 Whether your self-esteem is high or low, it can always
be improved upon.
 Journal Entry
 Lists your talents and abilities
 Remember that everyone makes mistakes
 Motivate yourself
Emotional Needs
 Emotions – Feelings created in response to thoughts,
remarks, and events.
 Emotional needs – Needs that affect your feelings and
sense of well-being.
Types of Emotions
 Anger- is a strong feeling of displeasure
 Empathy- the ability to understand and share another
person’s feelings.
Fear- a response to physical and emotional danger
Happiness- a sense of well being
Jealousy- resentment or unhappiness of another’s
Love- combination of caring and affection.
Sadness – a normal healthy reaction to an unhappy
Sympathy- the ability to understand and share
another’s problems or sorrows
Stress- Words to Know
 Stress- the body’s response to change
 Stressor- Anything that causes stress.
 Fight or flight response- The process by which
the body prepares to deal with a stressor.
 Adrenaline – A hormone that gives the body
extra energy.
In your opinion, what causes the most stress ?
 List your top five.
 List what you think are your parents top five.
Now, take the assignment home and have your parents
complete. In your parents’ opinion, what causes the
most stress?
 Have them identify what they think are your top five.
 Have them identify their top five .
Compare the two lists and discuss with them. Bring
both lists to class.
Positive Ways to Manage Stress
 Physical Activity
 Relaxation techniques
 Laughter and Positive Outlook
 Time Management
 Sleep
 Talk to someone you trust
 Other?
Negative Ways to Manage
Media images of how to manage stress:
 Substance abuse
 Eat
 Shop
 Procrastinate
 Sleep
 Party
 Withdraw/isolate self
 Other?
Signs of Depression
Media and Body Image: EATING
 What does the media tell us about our bodies? What are
we supposed to look like? ( Barbie, models, athletes,
 Why do some people develop eating disorders?
 Can people with eating disorders do permanent damage
to their bodies?
 Where can a teen with an eating disorder get help?
*Next week we will learn more about eating disorders.
How do these influence our healthy and unhealthy
Mass Media
 Mass media powerfully influences our perceptions of
beauty, our attitude toward others, and our own selfimage.
 The media promotes images that can harm our selfesteem and tempt us to do unhealthy or expensive acts
to try and live up to the beauty ideals we see through
Media Messages about Bodies
 The media presents messages about “ideal” body types
for both men and women.
 Men are expected to be muscular, strong, violent,
masculine, aggressive, tough, and dominant.
 Women are expected to be feminine, thin, dainty, and
 The average American woman is 5’4 and 140 pounds
 The average fashion model is 5’11 and 115 pounds
 Models are thinner than 98% of American women
 80% of women are dissatisfied with their appearance
 25% of men and 45% of women are on a diet
 Approx. 7 million girls/women struggle with eating
 Approx. 1 million boys/men struggle with eating
The Beauty Industries
 Our insecurities about our size, shape and appearance of our bodies
has created a multi-billion dollar economy.
 Fashion/Cosmetics/Fragrance/Weight Loss/Cosmetic Surgery
 Clothing is designed to suit the tall, thin frames.
 The cosmetic industry suggests that freckles, pores, fine lines, and
wrinkles are to be covered and hidden. (airbrush)
 We spend $20 billion a year on cosmetics to help us try and conform to
society and look like what we see in the media.
Journal Reflection
 Why is the American body ideal for women so thin today? And why is
the body ideal for men so large and muscular? Does this tell us
anything about the roles we expect men and women to fulfill?
 Can you think of any “plus-size” celebrities today? How are they
 Why are boys encouraged to play contact sports such as football and
hockey, while women are encouraged to take up sports such as tennis,
figure-skating, or gymnastics?
 Did you play with Barbie, G.I. Joe or other similar toys when you were
growing up? Do you think this had any effect on your ideas about male
and female bodies or male and female roles?