Avant-gard - English126

Kevin Tamayo Alvarez
Prof. Dr. Evelyn Lugo
English 126
 This denomination has gathered a collection of artistic
expressions that were expressed, primarily in literature and
 avant-garde movements, called "isms " are characterized by a
revolutionary and subversive trend from the past,
internationalist attitude, giving the art of new values that
converge in the search for the correlation of word and line, color
and sound , Rejecting the imitation
Expressionism: Born in Germany against the naturalism and was headed by Georg Tialk
in 1920. Among its principles are identified: the reconstruction of reality, the relationship
of literary expression in the arts and music and the expression of anguish in the world
and life through novels and dramas which speaks of social constraints imposed on the
freedom of man.
Cubism: Born in France and was headed by Guilaume of Apollinarian. Its main features
includes the association of elements impossible to realize, cleavage of the author, graphic
arrangement of words, substitution of the sentimental with humor and joy and the
picture of reality through different approaches.
Futurism: Surge in Milan, Italy by Filipo Tommaso Marinetti. This movement broke with
the syntax, rhythm and the symbols of punctuation. Considered as key elements of
poetry, courage, boldness and revolution, as it trumpeted the aggressive movement,
feverish insomnia, the way gymnastics, diving and slap dangerous.
Dada: Appeared in Zurich, Switzerland between 1916 and 1922 with Tristan Izarra as its
founder. It was a violent past opposition to the war. The Dadaist poem is often a
succession of words and sounds, making it difficult to find logic. It is distinguished by:
the inclination toward the doubtful, terrorism, death and nihilism, the fantastic, seeks to
renew the expression through the use of unusual materials or operating plans and
thoughts before mixable not have a general tone of defiance and destruction.
Ultraism: Appeared in Spain between 1919 and 1922 in reaction to modernism. He was
one of the movements in Latin America project most contribute to the use of free verse,
the prescription of the story and the development of metaphor, which becomes the main
focus of expression. Influenced by poets like Guillaume Vicente Huidobro and
Creationism : Emerged in 1917 and was sponsored by the Chilean poet Vicente Huidobro,
who sees the poet as a little God to create with words. According to him, the poet should
not be a man.
Surrealism: Emerged in France with André Breton, who according to Freud was
interested in discovering the mechanisms of the unconscious and overcome the real
through the imaginary and irrational. It is characterized by: attempting to create a new
man, resorting to cruelty and black humor to destroy all sentimental tinge despite being
constructive, aspects of human moral behavior and demonstrations are of interest.
 http://www.angelfire.com/art3/vanguardismo/ismos.htm
 Niemeyer, Katharina (2004). Subway de los sueños, alucinamiento, libro
abierto. La novela vanguardista hispanoamericana, Madrid - Fráncfort del
Meno: Iberoamericana (ISBN 84-8489-126-7) - Vervuert (ISBN 3-86527-104-9).
 Schwartz, Jorge (2002). Las vanguardias latinoamericanas. Textos
programáticos y críticos, México: Fondo de Cultura Económica (ISBN 968-165621-0).
 Verani, Hugo J. (Ed.) (1996). Narrativa vanguardista hispanoamericana,
México: UNAM-Ediciones del Equilibrista (ISBN 968-36-4980-7).