Kevin Tamayo Alvarez Prof. Dr. Evelyn Lugo English 126 This denomination has gathered a collection of artistic expressions that were expressed, primarily in literature and painting. avant-garde movements, called "isms " are characterized by a revolutionary and subversive trend from the past, internationalist attitude, giving the art of new values that converge in the search for the correlation of word and line, color and sound , Rejecting the imitation Expressionism: Born in Germany against the naturalism and was headed by Georg Tialk in 1920. Among its principles are identified: the reconstruction of reality, the relationship of literary expression in the arts and music and the expression of anguish in the world and life through novels and dramas which speaks of social constraints imposed on the freedom of man. Cubism: Born in France and was headed by Guilaume of Apollinarian. Its main features includes the association of elements impossible to realize, cleavage of the author, graphic arrangement of words, substitution of the sentimental with humor and joy and the picture of reality through different approaches. Futurism: Surge in Milan, Italy by Filipo Tommaso Marinetti. This movement broke with the syntax, rhythm and the symbols of punctuation. Considered as key elements of poetry, courage, boldness and revolution, as it trumpeted the aggressive movement, feverish insomnia, the way gymnastics, diving and slap dangerous. Dada: Appeared in Zurich, Switzerland between 1916 and 1922 with Tristan Izarra as its founder. It was a violent past opposition to the war. The Dadaist poem is often a succession of words and sounds, making it difficult to find logic. It is distinguished by: the inclination toward the doubtful, terrorism, death and nihilism, the fantastic, seeks to renew the expression through the use of unusual materials or operating plans and thoughts before mixable not have a general tone of defiance and destruction. Ultraism: Appeared in Spain between 1919 and 1922 in reaction to modernism. He was one of the movements in Latin America project most contribute to the use of free verse, the prescription of the story and the development of metaphor, which becomes the main focus of expression. Influenced by poets like Guillaume Vicente Huidobro and Apollinarian. Creationism : Emerged in 1917 and was sponsored by the Chilean poet Vicente Huidobro, who sees the poet as a little God to create with words. According to him, the poet should not be a man. Surrealism: Emerged in France with André Breton, who according to Freud was interested in discovering the mechanisms of the unconscious and overcome the real through the imaginary and irrational. It is characterized by: attempting to create a new man, resorting to cruelty and black humor to destroy all sentimental tinge despite being constructive, aspects of human moral behavior and demonstrations are of interest. http://www.angelfire.com/art3/vanguardismo/ismos.htm Niemeyer, Katharina (2004). Subway de los sueños, alucinamiento, libro abierto. La novela vanguardista hispanoamericana, Madrid - Fráncfort del Meno: Iberoamericana (ISBN 84-8489-126-7) - Vervuert (ISBN 3-86527-104-9). Schwartz, Jorge (2002). Las vanguardias latinoamericanas. Textos programáticos y críticos, México: Fondo de Cultura Económica (ISBN 968-165621-0). Verani, Hugo J. (Ed.) (1996). Narrativa vanguardista hispanoamericana, México: UNAM-Ediciones del Equilibrista (ISBN 968-36-4980-7).