States of Consciousness Reading Packet (Ch 7).

States of Consciousness Reading Packet (Ch 7).
1. As usual… LOOK AT THE STANDARDS before you begin the packet and then look over them again
when you have finished and highlight the ones that you have “mastered”. _______/5
2. Watch the Youtube videos listed and answer the questions that go with each. ______/1
3. Complete the “Sleep Stages, Waves, and REM” handout. _______/20
4. Complete the list of Essential Questions/Learning Goals. _______/50
5. Top Ten vocabulary. Remember to use vocabulary that is more challenging for you. ____/10
V. States of Consciousness (2–4%)
Understanding consciousness and what it encompasses is critical to an appreciation of what is
meant by a given state of consciousness. The study of variations in consciousness includes an
examination of the sleep cycle, dreams, hypnosis, and the effects of psychoactive drugs.
AP students in psychology should be able to do the following:
• Describe various states of consciousness and their impact on behavior.
• Discuss aspects of sleep and dreaming:
— stages and characteristics of the sleep cycle;
— theories of sleep and dreaming;
— symptoms and treatments of sleep disorders.
• Describe historic and contemporary uses of hypnosis (e.g., pain control, psychotherapy).
• Explain hypnotic phenomena (e.g., suggestibility, dissociation).
• Identify the major psychoactive drug categories (e.g., depressants, stimulants) and classify
specific drugs, including their psychological and physiological effects.
• Discuss drug dependence, addiction, tolerance, and withdrawal.
• Identify the major figures in consciousness research (e.g., William James,Sigmund Freud,
Ernest Hilgard).
Youtube Videos: Answer questions on your own paper!
1. “Living with Cataplexy and Narcolepsy”
• What is narcolepsy?
• What is cataplexy?
• Describe some of the quality of life issues that a person with narcolepsy might have.
2. “Instant Deep State Hypnosis”
• How is hypnosis explained?
• Your opinion… do you believe that it is possible??? Is hypnosis an altered state of
consciousness? (Hint: you book lists arguments for and against to help you with your
argument). Explain your answer/ be a psychologist
3. “Dreams”
 Why can we dream of running, yet we don’t move?
 What is “REM atopia”?
 What is lucid dreaming?
 How are sleep and memory connected?
1. What is consciousness?
2. Describe the cycle of our circadian rhythm, and identify some events that can disrupt this clock.
3. About how long does a sleep cycle last and how do they differ?
4. How do age, culture, and genetics account for variations in individual sleep patterns?
5. What are the risks associated with sleep deprivation?
6. Identify four theories of why we sleep.
7. Describe dreams in terms of what we are most likely to dream about, lucid dreams, and manifest and latent content.
8. Compare/explain the four major perspectives on why we dream.
9. What is hypnosis… how does it “happen”`? Who is susceptible to hypnosis?
10. What is a psychoactive drug?
11. Explain the nature of drug dependence, but sure to discuss tolerance, withdrawal, physical and psychological
12. Complete the chart below:
Type of
How these types of drugs interfere
Psychoactive with neurotransmitters in the brain.
Example of this
type of drug.
13. Discuss the following factors as they relate/contribute to drug use:
Detailed example or explanation of how
these drugs affect a person’s behavior.
(Don’t just state the obvious, for example:
“stimulates behavior”)