# Candy Pre-Test Key

```CANDY STATISTICS – Pre-Test Key (Algebra I)
Reorder the Data Set: {3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 12, 12, 24}
Note: Teacher can change data set, if needed.
1.) What is the mean of the data set?
(3+ 5+ 6+ 7+ 8+ 9+ 10+ 11+ 12+ 12+ 12+ 24)/12 = (119)/12 = 9.9
2.) What is the median of the data set?
{3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 | 10, 11, 12, 12, 12, 24} =&gt; Median = 9.5
3.) What is the mode of the data set?
{3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 12, 12, 24} =&gt; Mode = 12
4.) Divide the data set into Quartiles with data points arranged from smallest to largest. What is the Interquartile
Range (IQR) of the data set?
3, 5, 6 | 7, 8, 9 | 10, 11, 12 | 12, 12, 24
Q1 is the average of 6 &amp; 7 = 6.5
Q2 is the average of 9 &amp; 10 = 9.5
Q3 is the average of 12 &amp; 12 = 12
IQR = Q3-Q1 = 12-6.5 = 5.5
5.) Is the data point 24 an outlier? Explain.
Use Outlier Formula to check: Is 24 &gt; Q3 + 1.5(IQR)? If so, it is an outlier.
Q3 + 1.5(IQR) = 12 + 1.5(5.5) = 12+8.25 = 20.25
Since 24 &gt; 20.25, YES, it is an outlier.
6.) The standard deviation of the data set has been calculated and found to be 5.3. Explain what this tells us about
the data set.
Assuming this data has a normal distribution: A Standard Deviation of 5.3 indicates
that ~68.26% of the data points are &plusmn;5.3 units away from the Mean (= 9.9). The shape
of the normal distribution curve would be:
1
Notes:
If a data set has a lot of values on the extreme far right compared to the other data points, then it
will be “Left-Skewed” because the tail is on the left. Example: {3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 12, 12, 24,
68, 85, 102}
If a data set has a lot of values on the extreme far left compared to the other data points, then it
“Right-Skewed” because the tail is on the right. Example: {0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 12,
12, 24}
A version of this figure is located on the University of South Alabama website: http://www.southalabama.edu/coe/bset/johnson/lectures/lec15.htm.
2
```