Lesson 8 In this Lesson you will: • learn about human rights • learn new vocabulary • participate in a discussion on the topic of human rights “Men are born and remain free and equal in rights.” )".("בני האדם נולדו ונשארים חופשיים ושווים בזכויותיהם The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, France, August 26, 1789. A free man has: 1. some rights 2. no rights 3. all basic rights What does the term “Human Rights” mean? 1. The rights which belong to the French nation 2. The rights which belong to the European people 3. The rights which belong to every human being in the world 4. The rights which belong to rich people . The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was created in 1789, during the French Revolution. The French Revolution was the first time in modern European history that the “people” rebelled against their rulers. They decided that they should have self - rule. aristocracy royalty third class In order to build a new society, the French people wrote a set of rules. Can you predict what these rules were? The French people declared that every person has basic rights. His place of birth, his color and religion are irrelevant. Translate the words: society set of rules basic rights human being religion Complete the following sentences: • We live in a _____________________. • The French people wrote a set of ________ . • Every person should have _______ rights. • Men and women are ____________. • Judaism is a ________ . rules, society, human beings, basic, religion The first rule : “ Men are born and remain free and have equal rights. ” The second rule : A democratic country should protect a person’s “natural rights”. • his right to be a free man • his right to own property • his right to security “Natural rights” are the rights a person should get from the moment he is born. On December 10, 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations declared the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. What happened from 1789 to 1948? Slavery in America14th century to 1862 Refugees in Rwanda (Africa), 1996 The Nazi regime1933-1945 Russian troops entering a city in Chechnya 2001 The United Nations’ (UN) Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” "כל בני האדם נולדים שווים בכבודם "ובזכויותיהם Match the following flags to their country: US UK China Russian Federation France Syria Match the following flags to their country: US UK China Russian Federation France Syria The Beginning The United Nations was established on the 24th of October 1945 by 51 countries. The UN’s goal is to keep peace in the world, Today, nearly every nation in the world belongs to the UN. Membership now totals 189 countries. Questions 1. When was the UN established? 2. How many countries became members of the UN in 1945? 3. Why did these countries unite? 4. How many countries belong to the UN today? Answers 1. The UN was established in 1945. 2. 51 countries became members of the UN in 1945. 3. These countries united to keep peace in the world. 4. 189 countries belong to the UN today. Did people have basic rights in the past? Do people have basic rights today? In this lesson we have found out about the history of human rights. learned new vocabulary. participated in a discussion on the topic of human rights.