Shakespeare was born in Stratford-uponAvon. Although no one is sure of his exact day of birth, most conjecture that it’s April 23, 1564. Shakespeare left school at the age of fourteen, which was not uncommon for the time period. He married Anne Hathaway when he was eighteen years old. (1582). She was eight years older. By 1585 they had three children. Nothing is really known about Shakespeare between 1585 -1592. However, by 1592, there is record that Shakespeare was working in the playhouses in London. During Shakespeare’s career he wrote thirty-seven plays and numerous sonnets. Some of his most famous include: Romeo and Juliet, Othello, Hamlet, the Taming of the Shrew, and Macbeth. Shakespeare added approximately 1700 words to the English language. submerge majestic suspicious misplaced Laughable monumental lonely Hurry dislocate The name of the playhouse where Shakespeare performed most of his plays is called the Globe Theatre. In his later years, Shakespeare returned home to Stratford-upon-Avon in 1611. Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616. Since his death, there has been some speculation whether he really wrote all of the plays himself or they were written by a group of people. Some have even questioned whether he really existed at all. The mysteries surrounding Shakespeare may never be solved, but there is no arguing about the lasting impact of the plays and poems attributed to him. Shakespeare is buried in Trinity Chapel outside of London. Queen Elizabeth I- reigned from 15581603 Age of discovery: › Pursuit of scientific knowledge and the exploration of human nature. › Assumptions concerning feudalism openly challenged. Reformation › Continuous strife. “Bloody Mary”- catholic. Open air amphitheatre that could sit up to 3000. The “pit” is the floor surrounding the stage where “one-penny” spectator stood Brought the social elite as well as the disorderly drunks. Burned down in 1613 New Globe built and operated until 1642. Then the puritans closed it down and deconstructed it in 1644. In May 1997, Queen Elizabeth II built and re-opened it. “Good friend for Jesus sake forebare To dig the dust encloased heare Bleste be ye man et spares these stones And curst be he yt moves my bones. How has it influenced culture? › Andy Griffith › Just in case you think it does NOT influence modern culture, look at this: Letters to Juliet What do you know about Romeo and Juliet? Listen to these two songs and write down what you think the play might be about › Love Story › Check Yes Juliet What your standard says “Identify and analyze elements of literary drama (e.g., dramatic irony, dialogue, soliloquy, monologue, aside). So here you go…. Dramatic Irony- When you know something that a character does not. Dialogue- When two people are engaged in a conversation Soliloquy- a dramatic monologue that represents a series of unspoken reflections. When a character voices his thoughts out loud when NO ONE ELSE is within distance to hear. Monologue- a prolonged talk or discourse by a single speaker, esp. one dominating or monopolizing a conversation. Aside-A piece of dialogue intended for the audience and supposedly not heard by the other actors on stage. A remark made in an undertone so as to be inaudible to others nearby. Plays in Shakespeare’s time HAD to be entertaining. Explanation… The Montague’s The Capulet’s › Romeo › Juliet › Montague & Lady › Capulet & Lady Montague › Benvolio- Romeo’s Cousin › Mercutio- closest friend to Romeo › Balthasar- Romeo’s dedicated servant Capulet › Tybalt- Juliet’s cousin › Juliet’s Nurse › Paris- wants to marry Juliet Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean. From forth the fatal loins of these two foes A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life; Whose misadventured piteous overthrows Do with their death bury their parents' strife. The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love, And the continuance of their parents' rage, Which, but their children's end, nought could remove, Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage; The which if you with patient ears attend, What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend. Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene, From ancient grudge break to new mutiny, Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean. From forth the fatal loins of these two foes A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life; Whole misadventured piteous overthrows Do with their death bury their parents' strife. The fearful passage of their deathmark'd love, And the continuance of their parents' rage, Which, but their children's end, nought could remove, Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage; The which if you with patient ears attend, What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.