Freedom of Petition and Assembly
A noisy street demonstration by neo-
A candlelight vigil of opponents of the death penalty
Pro-life people singing hymns and picketing in front of an abortion clinic
Gay rights activists gathered on the steps of the state capitol
1 st amendment: “…the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the
Government for a redress of grievances.”
14 th amendment’s due process clause
Peaceable vs. civil disobedience
Peaceable assembly and petition is a civil right
Civil disobedience is NOT protected by the
Peaceable Assembly vs. Civil Disobedience
Government can make and enforce reasonable rules covering time, place, and manner of assemblies.
Grayned v. City of Rockford (re: school diversions)
Rules must be content neutral .
Forsyth County v. Nationalist Movement (re: unlimited power to set exact fees)
The Supreme Court has upheld laws that require advance notice and permits for demonstrations in public places.
How and to what extent can government regulate demonstrators?
Does the Constitution require that police officers allow an unpopular group to continue demonstrating when it excites others to violence?
When in the name of peace and safety, can police order demonstrators to disband?
Gregory v. Chicago , 1969 (re: segregation, neighborhood violence, & disorderly conduct)
Madsen v. Women’s Health Services ,
1994 (re: blocking abortion clinics)
Hill v. Colorado , 2000 (re: sidewalk counseling and unwanted approach at abortion clinics)
The rights of assembly and petition do not give the right to trespass on private property.
Permission must be granted by the property owner
Can an organization be forced to disclose the names of all its members to the government? ( NAACP v. Alabama , 1958)
Can the Boy Scouts of America exclude gays from their organization? ( Boy Scouts of America v. Dale , 2000)
Organizational Decision (May 23, 2013) –
“yes” to youths, but “no” to adults