Unit 3.14 Editorial Cartoons By Katrina Hickey Bell Work Describe the differences between an editorial cartoon and a comic strip.(pics are examples) -an editorial cartoon is defined as an illustration which contains political or social messages that usually relate to current events or personalities. Specific devices are used to get a message across. -a comic strip is a sequence of drawing in boxes that tell an amusing story, typically printed in a newspaper or comic book. They relate to a comic incident, an adventure or mystery story, etc. They are serialized, meaning they have a dialog printed in balloons and are usually presented in a horizontal strip in newspapers or in comic books broadsheets: early newspapers, also called broadsides, first used for issuing royal proclamations. They later evolved into the newspaper format with which we are familiar today 1. Must be simple 2. People must understand it 3. Must be timely 4. Must evoke emotion 5. Must give point of view Tammany Hall William Tweed: Stole millions from tax payers Thomas Nast Thomas Nast and Clement Moore drew the first Santa Claus A good editorial cartoon must have five basic features. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. It must be simple… People must understand it. The cartoon must be timely… It must evoke emotion.. Always, the cartoon must give a point of view. JFK President Johnson What is satire? What is caricature? Satire is a manner of writing that mixes a critical attitude with wit and humor in an effort to improve humankind and human institutions. Editorial cartoons are often rather satirical. You will learn more about satire in the second half of this unit. Caricature …. a picture, description, or imitation of a person or thing in which certain striking characteristics are exaggerated in order to create a comic or grotesque effect 4. Students will create their own editorial cartoons Choose from one of the following categories: • • • • • • • • • • • • • E-cigarettes, steroids in sports, assisted suicide, same-sex marriage, graffiti is art, uniforms in school, the Hawaiian kingdom, federally mandated vaccines, animal testing, Women’s rights War Terrorism Teen pregnancy Choose one of your ideas and describe a point that you might want to make about that event. Perhaps you agree and want to show your support or perhaps you would like to ridicule those who might feel differently. What symbols, sayings, pop culture allusions, or other easily recognizable references might be appropriate for this topic? Sketch a very rough draft of what your cartoon might look like. What tools does the editorial cartoonist use to communicate ideas and opinions with readers? Caricatures are drawings of public figures in which certain physical features are exaggerated. Caricatures of Richard M. Nixon often show him as needing to shave. Stereotypes are formulaic images used to represent particular groups. A stereotypical cartoon mother might have messy hair, wear an apron, and hold a screaming baby in her arms. Symbols are pictures that represent something else by tradition. A dove is a symbol for peace. Analogies are comparisons that suggest that one thing is similar to something else. The title of a popular song or film might be used by a cartoonist to comment on a current political event. Humor is the power to evoke laughter or to express what is amusing, comical or absurd.