Biology Review for the Protist and Fungus Test 1. Name: _________________ Date: ____ Period: ____________ What domain do both the protists and the fungi belong?Eukarya 2. Compare the protists, fungi, plants and animals in terms of mode of nutrition. Use the terms autotrophic, saprophytic, and heterotrophic. Kingdom Mode of Nutrition Protista Both heterotrophic, autotrophic and saprophytic Fungi Mostly saprophytic Plantae Autotrophic Animalia Heterotrophic 3. Protists belong to the kingdom Protista and a fungus belongs to the kingdom Fungi. 4. Compare the different phyla of fungi including Ascomycota, Zygomycota, Deuteromycota, and Basidiomycota. Know which group includes the imperfect fungi, which group includes the molds, which group includes the sac fungi, which group includes the regular mushroom (the type on pizza) and the basic characteristics of each phyla. Phyla Example Ascomycota Sac fungi Zygomycota Mold Deuteromycota Imperfect Fungi Basidiomycota Mushrooms 5. Which word is the basic structural unit of a fungus? Hyphae 6. Which term means the tangled underground network of a fungus? Mycelium 7. Which structures help fungus to absorb nutrients? Rhizoids/Mycelium/Hyphae 8. Know how the terms binary fission and conjugation relate to protists. Know which term is considered asexual reproduction. Binary fission is how they reproduce and it is considered asexual. Conjugation is how two species (such as two paramecia) pass genetic information between the two of them. 9. Which term is the name for the structure formed when a fungus and a plant root mutualistically work together? Mycorrhizae 10. Know the differences between the following groupings (mostly phyla) apicomplexa, sarcodina, zoomastigina, and ciliophora. Know which one uses pseudopods and flagella, which one forms spores, which one includes the amoeba or the paramecium and the general characteristics of each grouping. Phylum Example Structures Apicomplexa Spores Sarcodina Pseudopods; Example organism: amoeba Zoomastigina Flagella Ciliophora Cilia; Example organism: paramecium 11. Which protist causes malaria? Plasmodium, it is in the phylum apicomplexa 12. Give a few examples each of the a) animal-like protists, b) the plant-like protists, and c) the fungus-like protists. Explain the mode of nutrition for each and give at least one phylum that belongs to each grouping. a) Heterotrophic, zoomastigina b) Both heterotrophic and autotrophic; euglenophyta c) Saprophytic 13. Be able to recognize the different structures on an amoeba, a paramecium and the euglena. 14. Be able to distinguish between the mycelium and the fruiting body on a fungus.