Chapter 11
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____
1. Sandra is a reality therapist who is meeting her client Paul, who struggles with career indecision, for the first
time. How might she begin her work with Paul?
a. by asking about his earliest recollections
b. by diagnosing his problem using the DSM
c. by asking Paul what he wants from therapy
d. by asking him to take a career inventory
____
2. Reality therapy is best categorized as:
a. a brand of psychoanalytic therapy.
b. a form of nondirective therapy.
c. a derivative of Gestalt therapy.
d. a derivative of Adlerian therapy.
e. a form of cognitive behavior therapy.
____
3. Reality therapy has gained popularity with:
a. school teachers, both elementary and secondary.
b. rehabilitation workers.
c. school counselors and administrators.
d. all of the above
____
4. Reality therapy is best described as:
a. an experiential therapy stressing feelings and attitudes.
b. an intensive and long-term therapy.
c. an insight therapy.
d. a rational therapy.
e. a short-term therapy that stresses doing.
____
5. The client’s quality world consists of all of the following except:
a. beliefs.
b. activities that fulfill our needs.
c. images of people who enrich our lives.
d. insight.
____
6. WDEP stands for:
a. wants, doing, self-evaluation, planning.
b. wants, direction, efficacy, planning.
c. wishes, direction, engagement, purpose.
d. wants, decision, self-evaluation, perception.
____
7. Which of the following is not a component of total behavior?
a. feeling
b. acting
c. physiology
d. thinking
e. wanting
____
8. The function of the reality therapist is:
a. to encourage clients to make a value judgment concerning the quality of their behavior.
b. to assist clients in dealing with the present.
c. to confront clients about specific irrational thoughts and ideas and to teach them to think
rationally.
d. to reindoctrinate clients with the acceptable standards for living.
____
9. Which method(s) is (are) often used in reality therapy?
a. exploring a client's quality world
b. the use of questioning
c. behavior-oriented methods
d. designing an action plan
e. all of these
____ 10. What is Robert Wubbolding likely to say about people’s problems?
a. “Most people are emotionally disturbed, but many of them are able to create a believable
facade that they are high functioning. Don’t be fooled!”
b. “Most forms of psychopathology should be treated with medication.”
c. “People who have problems should try reality therapy only after uncovering the
unconscious determinants of their behavior.”
d. “People don’t have problems, they have solutions that have not worked.”
____ 11. Which of the following procedures would a reality therapist be least likely to employ?
a. engaging in homework to change behaviors
b. skillful questioning
c. making action plans
d. reliving an early childhood event
e. encouraging clients to look at what they are doing
____ 12. Reality therapy is based on which of the following orientations to understanding human behavior?
a. psychoanalytic
b. radical behaviorism
c. existential-phenomenological
d. deterministic
e. person-centered theory
____ 13. What do reality therapists believe about the use of questions?
a. Relevant questions help clients gain insights and arrive at plans and solutions.
b. They should rarely be used.
c. There is no such thing as excessive questioning; the more the better!
d. Closed questions are more helpful than open-ended questions.
____ 14. Reality therapists are likely to deal with all of the following except for:
a. asking clients to recall, report, and share dreams.
b. a client’s relationships with significant others.
c. what a client is currently doing.
d. assisting clients in developing an action plan geared for change.
e. what clients are thinking and feeling, when this relates to what they are doing.
____ 15. A reality therapist will primarily focus on:
a. past behavior.
b. thoughts.
c. present behavior.
d. the client’s personal history.
e. feelings.
____ 16. When reality therapists explore a client’s past, they tend to focus on:
a. developmental problems.
b. early traumatic events.
c. past successes.
d. relationships within the family.
e. problems in school performance.
____ 17. Reality therapy rests on the central idea that:
a. thinking largely determines how we feel and behave.
b. the way to change dysfunctional behavior is to reexperience a situation in which we
originally became psychologically stuck.
c. environmental factors largely control what we are doing.
d. we choose our behavior and are responsible for what we do, think, and feel.
____ 18. Glasser would agree with all of the following conclusions except:
a. We strive to change the world outside ourselves to match our internal pictures of what we
want.
b. We do not have to be the victim of our past.
c. We are most likely to change if we are threatened by punishment.
d. We have more control over our lives than we believe.
e. We often seek therapy when we do not have the relationships we want.
____ 19. The core of reality therapy consists of:
a. teaching clients how to acquire rational beliefs instead of irrational beliefs.
b. teaching clients to take effective control of their own lives.
c. giving clients opportunities to express unresolved feelings.
d. helping clients to understand their unconscious dynamics.
____ 20. A limitation of this approach as it applies to multicultural counseling is:
a. the concept of the quality world is abstract and lacks cross-cultural appeal.
b. oppressed clients may have little choice over their circumstances.
c. reality therapists must be careful when adapting their approach to non-western cultures.
d. this therapy provides specific tools to help clients make the changes they desire.
____ 21. All of the following are procedures that are commonly used in reality therapy except:
a. exploring wants, needs, and perceptions.
b. exploring early recollections.
c. planning and commitment.
d. skillful questioning.
e. focusing on current behavior.
____ 22. In a reality therapy group, the leader:
a. withholds feedback when members are designing their plans.
b. is responsible for evaluating the clients’ behaviors.
c. may encounter resistance from members when providing suggestions for how clients can
best get what they want.
d. performs an assessment to determine if the client is truly getting what he or she wants in
life.
____ 23. All of the following are key characteristics of contemporary reality therapy except for:
a. Clients are helped to get connected or reconnected with the people they have chosen to put
in their quality world.
b. Therapy is kept in the present.
c. There is a focus on talking about symptoms that bring a client into therapy.
d. There is a rejection of the notion of transference.
e. Emphasis is on choice and responsibility.
____ 24. Which of these statements is not true?
a. Reality therapy does not lend itself to a group format.
b. With the emphases on connection and interpersonal relationships, reality therapy is well
suited for various kinds of group counseling.
c. The WDEP system can be applied to helping group members satisfy their basic needs.
d. If members talk about their past experiences or make excuses for their current behavior,
the group leader redirects them to what they are presently doing.
____ 25. According to Glasser, many of the problems of clients are caused by:
a. sibling rivalry.
b. early childhood trauma.
c. the failure to succeed in changing the other person in the relationship.
d. unfinished business with parents.
e. their inability to connect or to have a satisfying relationship with at least one of the
significant people in their lives.
Chapter 11
Answer Section
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pg. 341
pg. 337
pg. 336
pg. 338
pg. 337
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pg. 341
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pg. 337
pg. 346
pg. 351
pg. 343
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pg. 339
pg. 348
pg. 338
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