Name: ___________________________ Pd. ___________ Eff. _________/5 1.1 The Cell is the Basic Unit of Living Things Main Idea Supporting Facts -Some characteristics of living things include: __________ ___________________________________________________ Living things are ________________ -Organism: any individual form of life that is capable of from nonliving things. _________________ and __________________. -All organisms get _______________ and other materials from the environment. -Living things have the following characteristics: 1. Organization Characteristics of Life 2. Ability to _____________ and _________________ 3. Ability to respond to the ____________________ 4. ______________ _________ _________________ Needs of Life All living things are made up of ______________. -Three necessities of that allow organisms to carry out activities: 1. _________________ 2. _________________ 3. _________________ ________________ -The energy used by almost all forms of life on Earth comes from the ______________. -Some get it directly (plants and bacteria) -Some get it indirectly from _____________ (humans) -Food also provides the materials necessary for _________ and ___________________. -The cell is the ______________ unit of a living thing, -Unicellular: organism that is made up of a ____________ cell. -Multicellular: organisms made up of _____________ cells. -The needs and characteristics of a single cell in a unicellular organism are the same as those for any organism. -Microscope: _______________________________________ The __________________ led to the ___________________________________________________ discovery of cells. Cells come from other cells The cell theory is important to the study of _________________. -First two people to describe cells: 1. _______________ _______________- gave the cell its name. 2. _______________ _________ ___________________one of the first people to describe living cells. -One living cell ______________ into two living cells. -Three concepts of cell theory: 1. Every living thing is made up of one or ___________ cells. 2. Cells carry out the _______________ needed to support ______________. 3. Cells come from other living cells. -Two reasons why theories are important: 1. _______________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________ -Bacteria: __________________________________________ Louis Pasteur Bacteria and Spontaneous Generation ___________________________________________________ -Developed pasteurization—heat is used to kill bacteria -SEE P. 15 Picture of Pasteur’s experiments.